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"A man who was completely innocent, offered himself as a sacrifice for the good of others, including his enemies, and became the ransom of the world . It was a perfect act". Mahatma Gand


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"In the end we will remember not the words of our enemies but the silence of our friends". Martin Luther King Jr.

How a Triad of Forces Emasculated and Undermined the Legitimacy of the Ethiopian Nation-State
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD February 20, 2021

This brief article in Amharic will focus on the present Ethiopian crisis (conflict and war) that has effectively but sadly shattered the political, economic, and social fabrics of Ethiopia, and the cause for all these, I argue, are the triad of forces, namely the narrow-minded ethnonationalists, the chauvinist elite and politicians, and the witchcraft politics of a medieval variety that has now become a vogue amongst the ruling clique of the Prosperity Party. 

Urgent and confidential message 
“I received a secure phone call from an old friend who used to work@ 

He told me that the government is procuring 6 new high tech war Drones from China & Turkey (3-each) & 20 radar mounted battle tanks from Russia. This is to replace the UAE Drones & the tanks lost in the war IN Tigray. They are specifically & urgently requested by the Northern Command in Tigray. Because the gov't has no money, the PM has asked a $15billion loan from the WB stating that he will pay back quickly from the proceeds of the secretly agreed partial sale of the EAL to Turkish Air (agreed & signed by MoFA Demeke & MOF Ahmed Shedi last week) & the Industrial Parks to the Chinese. Ambassador Girma Biru & Ahmed Shedi are now in DC to discuss & finalize this with WB & seek additional support from the IMF.


Colonel Abiy Ahmed has the shameless audacity to state: “Toward a Peaceful Order in the Horn of
Africa” published in Project Syndicate on Feb 6, 2021. It is ironic that Col. Abiy Ahmed has the
unmitigated gall to write on peace when he is responsible for waging a genocidal war on his own
people, and turning Tigray into a blood bath. It is absurd to paint a regional vision for economic
development for Ethiopia when he has failed to create peace and stability in the land, which is the
most essential basis for development. 

Blackout in Tigrai
February 17, 2021

Ethiopia's conflict-torn northern Tigray region has been hit by an electricity blackout, the government said Wednesday, blaming the outage on the ousted ruling party in the semi-autonomous zone. Tigray has been the theatre of fighting since early November 2020, when Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed announced military operations against the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), accusing them of attacking federal army camps.

Reversing History: Eritrea’s form of colonialism progressing in Tigray (Ethiopia) in the 21st Century Desta, Asayehgn, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Development 
To put it in historical perspective, Abiy’s desire to penalize Tigray and the leaders of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) did not start all of a sudden.  Actually, it commenced when Abiy knew that the Tigrayan members of the Federal Politburo were in opposition to his candidacy for the chairmanship of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) because they endorsed another candidate. Gradually, when Abiy became Ethiopia’s Prime Minister, as vengeance, he started undertaking economic sabotages to crack down on the administrative region of Tigray, and started retiring a number of the TPLF leaders from federal positions. 

Finding a Path to Peace in Ethiopia’s Tigray Region
Crisis Group Africa Briefing N°167
Nairobi/Brussels, 11 February 2021
What’s new? After weeks of fighting in Ethiopia’s Tigray region, federal troops removed the regional government and declared victory. Yet thousands have died, hundreds of thousands are at risk of starvation and the conflict continues. Addis Ababa has established an interim administration, but ousted Tigrayan politicians say they will fight back. 

Let it be known those lobbyist they are assisting a regime who is turning against his own people and suspended election for his own political game and seeded the territorial integrity of his nation. It is a blood money dripping in their hands. We will shame them and expose them in social media.

I reported on Ethiopia’s secretive war. Then came a knock at my door
By LUCY KASSA  FEB. 11, 2021 
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — Around 10:30 Monday morning, there was a knock at my door. When I answered, I saw three men I did not recognize. They barged in, knocking me to the floor.
They did not introduce themselves; they didn’t produce any kind of ID or search warrant. They began to ransack my house. For nearly two years I have been reporting on Ethiopia’s northern
Tigray region, where government forces last November launched an operation to oust the regional ruling party, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, or TPLF

Ethiopia: Unlawful Shelling of Tigray Urban Areas
UN Inquiry Needed into Alleged Violations by Warring Parties
(Nairobi) – Ethiopian federal forces carried out apparently indiscriminate shelling of urban areas in the Tigray region in November 2020 in violation of the laws of war, Human Rights Watch said today. Artillery attacks at the start of the armed conflict struck homes, hospitals, schools, and markets in the city of Mekelle, and the towns of Humera and Shire, killing at least 83 civilians, 
including children, and wounding over 300.

Tigray: thousands flee in search of safety as humanitarian needs rise
The conflict in the Tigray region in Ethiopia broke out early November 2020. It is estimated that thousands of fighters and civilians have died, and around 4.5 million people require emergency food assistance, of whom an estimated 2.2 million are displaced. Over 60,000 have crossed the border into Sudan in search of safety.
3 months on, the security situation in the Tigray region remains unstable. Fighting is still reported in many parts of Tigray. Due to the conflict, humanitarian organizations have had only very limited access to the region. In December 2020, the EU provided over €18 million in emergency funding for humanitarian organizations to scale up humanitarian assistance to the affected population.

My Response to PM Abiy’s Op-Ed on Project Syndicate
Bruck Kebede

When the Prime Minister points one finger at TPLF to label it as “corrupt and dictatorial,” three fingers are pointing back at him
In fact, Tigrayans are mourning, and Tigray is now effectively under the occupation of allied Ethiopian and Eritrean troops and militias from the Amhara region, a fact unofficially admitted by Ethiopian military generals as well as the Abiy-appointed provisional administration of Tigray. Western and Southern Tigray have also been illegally and unconstitutionally annexed by the Amhara region. Just yesterday, the United States Embassy in Eritrea asked the Eritrean government to withdraw its troops from Tigray immediately. As reported in the Washington Post this week, three major opposition parties in Tigray also announced that more than 50,000 civilians in Tigray have been indiscriminately killed by allied Ethiopian and Eritrean troops and Amhara regional militias.

Voice of Reason
Advocacy Group for Growth and Transformation
Open Letter to

President Joe Biden, and
Vice President Kamala Harris
Dear Mr. President Biden and Vice President Harris:
Six million people in the Regional State of Tigray, northern Ethiopia, have been fighting for their
very existence since the illegitimate and dictatorial government of Col. Abiy Ahmed declared war
on them on November 4, 2020. It appears the war was planned to coincide with the time when the
world’s attention was focused on the US election and its results. After the Ethiopian military marched into Mekelle, the principal city of the State of Tigray, Abiy Ahmed declared the war was over and repeatedly claimed, “not a single civilian was hurt or killed” from the bombings or artillery fire

The Danger of Rewarding Dictatorship and Subsequent Emasculation of Democratic Political Culture: What President Biden Should be Cautious of

Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD                          February 6, 2021

Before I delve into the main thesis of this article that intends to systematically analyze the danger of rewarding dictatorship, I like to first state a passing remark on the promise and oath of President Joe Biden to the American people. Soon after inauguration on January 20, 2021, when Joe Biden entered the White House, he made a pledge in a manner of invoking a divine witness and expressed them in simple terms such as ‘I will be president for all Americans’; ‘we will get through this together’; ‘politics does not have to be a raging fire’; ‘we must end this uncivil war’. These are great phrases and full of promise, affirmation, and hope, and I am gratified that Biden assumed executive power and became president of the United States.  

Tigray Global Advocacy Group (TGAG) Demands the Trial of Abiy Ahmed and Isaias Afeworki by the International Criminal Court (ICC)
We members of the Tigray Global Advocacy Group (TGAG) demand the trial of Abiy Ahmed, Prime Minister of Ethiopia, and Isaias Afeworki, President of Eritrea, before the ICC for their egregious violation of international law with respect to genocide, crime against humanity, and aggression. Our demand is based on substantive and verifiable evidence of the crimes they have committed, and as explained below we present the physical and mental elements that can be easily attributable to the two dictators. Abiy Ahmed and Isaias Afeworki should be held responsible for causing serious bodily and/or mental harm to members of the Tigray people; there are evidences on this, including some victims whose necks and faces were slashed with bayonets; women who were gang raped, and a significant number of innocent people who were physically assaulted

interview with a senior Tigrayan leader


27 January 2021 Call between Mulugeta Gebrehiwot and Alex de Waal – a transcript

The interview can be listened to here. The interview can be listened to here.

[The first minute of the call was not recorded. Mulugeta started by describing the onset of the war.]  

Everything is fine. But one thing is you could push more on this humanitarian intervention. There has to be either some sort of monitoring. And the Eritrean forces will remain here. They had a meeting last week, it’s some information we got from them, among the senior commanders of the army. There was a request from some of the army commanders on how long they are going to stay in Tigray. The response they gave them was, “Once we leave Tigray, PP [Prosperity Party] will not stay for one week in Tigray, and therefore we will leave Tigray to Woyene [TPLF] again and it will revive. And therefore, we have to remain there up until PP can pick it up which might take several months to come back.” That is the answer that they gave them.

A pogrom is happening in Ethiopia

Robert Rotberg is the author of Things Come Together: Africans Achieving Greatness in the Twenty-first Century and the editor of Mass Atrocity Crimes: Preventing Future Outrages.
Ethiopia is killing its own citizens, wantonly. That is chilling, but true: By attempting to extirpate Ethiopians of Tigrayan ethnicity and heritage, Ethiopia’s military and government stands accused of purposeful ethnic cleansing, a precursor to all-out genocide, as outlawed by the UN convention against genocide. Two weeks ago, the military executed Seyoum Mesfin, Ethiopia’s former long-time foreign minister; at least 47 of 167 prominent Tigrayans on a most-wanted list have also been killed or captured. About 750 civilians huddling in a cathedral in the historic town of Aksum were reportedly massacred. Widespread raping is alleged, especially in Mekelle. Troops are still scouring the jagged Tembien mountains for remaining Tigrayan leaders, taking no prisoners.

Ethiopia is living a nightmare
“The situation in northern Ethiopia is alarming. Communication is very precarious and for almost three weeks the Tigray region has been totally isolated from the rest of the world. No internet or telephone. But the news we get from those who have been able to visit the area is terrible.” This is the assessment by Regina Lynch, project manager for Aid to the Church in Need (ACN).
The Tigray region, whose capital is Mekele, is the most northern region of Ethiopia and borders Eritrea and Sudan. About 95 percent of the population are Christians who are part of the Ethiopian Coptic Orthodox Church and belong to the Tigray ethnic group.

US Says Eritrean Forces Should Leave Tigray Immediately
The United States says all soldiers from Eritrea should leave Ethiopia’s embattled Tigray region immediately.

BY CARA ANNA, Associated Press
NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — The United States says all soldiers from Eritrea should leave Ethiopia’s embattled Tigray region “immediately.” A State Department spokesperson in an email to The Associated Press late Tuesday cited “credible reports of looting, sexual violence, assaults in refugee camps and other human rights abuses." There is also evidence of Eritrean soldiers forcibly returning Eritrean refugees from Tigray to Eritrea,” the spokesperson said.

Ethiopian government accused of threatening to kill Tigrayans that refuse to join ruling party

ETHIOPIAN government forces have allegedly threatened to kill supporters of the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) who refuse to join the country’s ruling Prosperity Party (PP).A letter leaked to the Morning Star that was purportedly signed by the PP representative in the restive northern state, Suhul Michael, warns that if veteran TPLF members or supporters fail to comply with the demand, they face death.

Ethiopian government accused of threatening to kill Tigrayans that refuse to join ruling party PDF

ETHIOPIAN government forces have allegedly threatened to kill supporters of the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) who refuse to join the country’s ruling Prosperity Party (PP).

An Effective National Strategy to Combat Ethnic Tensions in Ethiopia
By Arlene J. Schar and Dr. David Leffler

While the ongoing Tigray conflict continues to be fueled by high ethnic tensions, there is available an ideal method to calm tensions, end the prolonged violence, and prevent future conflicts. It is a  brain-based technology called Invincible Defense Technology (IDT) which  incorporates practices of non-religious Transcendental Meditation® (TM®) to quell violence and bring about peace. This unconventional yet highly effective and scientifically-verified non-violent approach prevents tensions from arising before they result in conflict, war and terrorism.

Ethiopia, Land of Atrocities
A UN peace keeping force should be deployed in Tigray to stop the genocide
By Tesfay Atsbeha

“If humanitarian intervention is, indeed, an unacceptable assault on sovereignty, how should we respond to a Rwanda, to a Srebrenica, to gross and systematic violation of human rights
that offend every precept of our common humanity?” Kofi Annan in his 2000 Millennium Report Now, the current question is how does the World community prevent Tigray from being a
Rwanda or a Srebrenica? What is to be done when the one who has the responsibility to
protect the people, in this case Abiy Ahmed, is the perpetrator? The only world power which can reach rational and humane decisions is the European Union. 

Ethiopia Tigray crisis: Fear of mass starvation

"Hundreds of thousands might starve to death" in Ethiopia's Tigray region, according to a government official quoted in a leaked copy of notes taken at a meeting of humanitarian workers. The government-run Tigray Emergency Coordination Center (ECC) is assessing needs following the conflict there. The federal government declared victory at the end of November. But sporadic fighting has continued and the UN has described the humanitarian situation as "severe". According to the leaked notes taken by a participant at an ECC meeting on 8 January, an official from the interim administration of the central part of Tigray "said that the situation [on] the ground is dire

Tigray Emergency 
Coordination Centre1 8 January 2021 meeting 

ECC meeting convened on 08 Jan 2020 with the participation of INGOs, Gov’t sector
bureaus, UN agencies operating in Mekelle.
Updates: Health: Based on a rapid assessment, the health bureau has realized that there are 657 health workers in Mekelle, displaced from other zones. However, because they haven’t received
their two months plus salaries, it became hard to resume their work. Lack of overall leadership is affecting expediting the resumption of health system. With the support of ICRC, MSF some medications have been dispatched to Axum, Adwa, Shire and Adigrate hospitals. Adwa hospital is nonfunctional; hence the supplies are delivered to Adwa Don Bosco hospital. The other hospitals, and health centers remain non-functional

Seyoum Mesfin (1949-2021)
Source January 16, 2021 |by Ethiopia Observer |

Former Ethiopian Foreign Minister Seyoum Mesfin, one of the officials targeted by arrest warrants
alongside other leaders of the Tigray region’s ruling party following the military operation there was
reportedly killed by security forces on Wednesday.Seyoum Mesfin had served for more than two decades at the helm of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as foreign minister from 1991 to 2010 and Ethiopian ambassador to China from 2010 to 2018.Born as Ambaye Mesfin on January 25, 1949, in Azeba, Agame district of Tigray, he would later change his name to Seyoum as nom de guerre. He attended his primary education at Agazi School in Adigrat.

Ethiopia Tigray crisis: Fear of mass starvation
"Hundreds of thousands might starve to death" in Ethiopia's Tigray region, according to a government official quoted in a leaked copy of notes taken at a meeting of humanitarian workers.
The government-run Tigray Emergency Coordination Center (ECC) is assessing needs following the conflict there. The federal government declared victory at the end of November. But sporadic fighting has continued and the UN has described the humanitarian situation as "severe

Food and healthcare in war-torn Tigray: preliminary insights on what’s at stake
January 18, 2021 8.18am EST

It is now over two months since a war broke out in Tigray between the regional government and the federal government of Ethiopia. The military hostilities have led to a sudden disruption 
in essential services and endangered the lives and wellbeing of around 6 million residents and over 100,000 Eritrean refugees sheltered in the region. It’s estimated that 2.2 million people – close to a third of the regional population – have been internally displaced. At least 56,000 citizens, 
mainly women and children, have already fled across the border to Sudan.

In Memoriam: Seyoum Mesfin, Ethiopian Peacemaker and Patriot

Seyoum Mesfin, who was killed in Tigray this week at the age of 71, was Ethiopia’s longest-serving foreign minister. His untimely death robs Ethiopia of a man who exemplified the country’s tradition of enlightened and progressive patriotism. Under other circumstances we would expect a national day of mourning and a state funeral, including national and international recognition of Seyoum’s exceptional contribution to the norms, principles and practices of peace in Africa.
The circumstances of the killing of Seyoum, Abay and Asmelash warrant an immediate high-level international investigation. It is hard to see how these three men posed a military threat. Their killing is part of a pattern of systematic targeting of Tigrayans, which goes beyond removing their political influence in Ethiopia to the wholesale elimination of a political class representing an ethnic or national group. It is consistent with the politics of genocide practiced by Mengistu Haile Mariam and his generals and by Isseyas Afewerki inside Eritrea and in his ongoing military operations inside Tigray today.

REPORTS of a massacre of 750 people in the cathedral complex that reputedly houses the Ark of the Covenant have emerged from the Tigray region of Ethiopia.

Accounts have come from those who fled the town of Aksum and walked more than 200km to the regional capital, Mekelle.The massacre was first reported in dispatches from the Belgium-based NGO European External Programme with Africa (EEPA). The area is sealed off to journalists, but many reports of massacres have nevertheless emerged, some of which have been documented by Amnesty International.


The Proverbial Ethiopian Donkey and Similarities and Contrasts between Donald Trump and Abiy Ahmed

Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD 
January 14, 2021In this essay I intend to provide comparative perspectives of the politics of Donald Trump of the United States and Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopia, in the context of the proverbial Ethiopian donkey and the current confrontational politics promoted by the two leaders. First and foremost, however, for the sake of clarity and relevance to the central thesis of this essay, and the message I wanted to convey to readers, I like to introduce the ‘Ethiopian donkey’ especially to non-Ethiopian subscribers. There are several donkeys in relation to Ethiopian ancestral maxims; some of them are iconic and some brute, and one known for being greedy, self-centered and extremely selfish.

Looting Internationalized, Planned and Executed by Isayas Afewerki and Sanctioned by Abiy Ahmed, Funded by United Arab Emeriti.

Selam Nur 12 January  2020
Isayas Afewerki, president of Eritrea threatened in repeated video message, that he would dismantle Ethiopia in order to wipe out TPLF from the face of the earth. His accomplice, Abiy Ahmed, the custodian prime minister of Ethiopia said nothing. He was complicit in his silence. Unfortunately, so were members of the parliament, government officials and nationalists at a time when they needed to have been resolute. This was not a rhetoric of a politician, but a dagger aimed at Ethiopia’s heart because for four years prior to that, since the death of PM Meles Zenawi, the fragile federation of the nine states of Ethiopia was getting increasingly looser.

His Excellency Abiy Ahmed
Prime Minister
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Lorenzo Te'azaz Road
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Dear Prime Minister Abiy:
We are writing to convey our deep concern with the recent erosion of press freedom in Ethiopia. Over the last few months, the Ethiopian government has increasingly engaged in a pattern of
intimidation against journalists. This trend stands in stark contrast to how your premiership began, when your government commendably reversed the behavior of its predecessors by
releasing scores of detained journalists, among other major reforms, to demonstrate the beginning of a more democratic era in Ethiopia. We urge you to return to that path by
immediately releasing all journalists in detention and taking concrete steps to protect press freedom.

I cry for Tigray 

Kiros, Teodros Phd.

Tigray, the birth place of Medenekit (Lucy) the backbone of Classical Ethiopian history (Pre-Minilik) the beacon of African dignity, the emblematic sign of courage with responsibility, does not need my tears. 
 Unlike me who can only write and cry, Tigreans are not crying but fighting bravely not merely for themselves, because that is morally vacuous, but for human dignity all over the world. This was done in 17th century Ethiopia during the times of Zara Yacob, the model of spiritual reason and reasonable spirituality. 

Deputy Prime Minister of Ethiopia Demonstrates Fatal,Third Degree Disconnect with National Reality, Dismisses Genocide.
Selam Nur 5 January 2021
The main purpose of this response to Ato Demeke Mekonnen’s “The law enforcement operation in Tigray and the media: Lessons learnt” on the 1/2021 The Ethiopian Herald is to elevate the magnitude of the atrocities the Ethiopian government committed in collaboration with Isayas Afewerki of Eritrea, Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed of Somalia, Abiy Ahmed Ali of Ethiopia, funded and armed by UAE. The Deputy Prime Minister focuses on a narrative, I believe propaganda that had been snatched from his administration. The so-called enforcement operation he refers to casually was actually declaration of war and occupation of Tigrai. What primarily led to battle cries and actual invasion of a region was the acting PM’s preparation for one demonstrated by frequent visits to Isayas who visited Ethiopia’s military installations as if he was touring his own country’s security institutions.

Situation Report 6 Jan 2021

Humanitarian workers have been able to access areas that were so far inaccessible, particularly in cities. However, localized fighting and insecurity continues, with fighting reported in rural areas and in the peripheries of Mekelle, Shiraro and Shire among other locations, as of last week. Access to most parts of North Western, Eastern and Central Tigray remains constrained due to the ongoing insecurity and bureaucratic hurdles

ኣብ ህልዊ ኩነታት ትግራይ ኣመልኪቱ ብሰብ ሕድሪ ሲቭል
ማህበረ - ሰብ ትግራይ ዝተዋህበ መግለፂ!! ትግራይ ኣብ ሓደጋ ምፅናት (Genocide)

ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ክልተ ወርሒ ዝጀመረ ኺናት ምፅናት ትግራይ ሎሚ 65 መዓልቲ ኣቁፂሩ ኣሎ። እዚ ኺናት ኩሉ መደበኛ ሰራዊት ኢትዮጵያ፡ ኩሉ መደበኛ ሰራዊት ኤርትራ፡ 5 ሺሕ መደበኛ ሰራዊት ሃገረ ሶማልያ ብቐጥታ ኢድ ብምእታው ልዕሊ 33 ወራሪ ክፍለ ሰራዊታት፡ 70 ሽሕ ኣብ ጉሕለትን ነብስ ቅትለትን ተዋፊሩ ዝፀንሐ ናይ ክልል ኣምሓራ ፋኖን ፡ ፍሉይ ሓይሊ ሚሊሻን ካብ ሸወዓተ ክልላት ኢትዮጵያ ዝተወፃፅኣ 65 ሺሕ ፉልይ ሓይሊ፡  ናይ 

The Collaboration of Ethiopia’s Regime with Foreign Powers to Terminate the Tigrayan Ethnic Group 
Desta, Asayehgn, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Development

Under the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), Ethiopia was one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. Consistently, it registered double-digit percentage annual growth in Gross Domestic Product (Smith, Nov 17, 2020). Despite some setbacks, the EPRDF also had the intention of transforming Ethiopia into a full-fledged, decentralized, multinational federal system of government that cherished self-rule and local autonomy. 

Abiy Ahmed’s Crisis of Legitimacy War and Ethnic Discrimination Could Be the Ethiopian Prime Minister’s Undoing
By Nic Cheeseman and Yohannes Woldemariam

December 30, 2020
Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, December 2019Tiksa Negeri / Reuters
In early November, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed began a military offensive against the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front, an estranged regional government that once dominated Ethiopia’s ruling coalition. Abiy’s forces swiftly captured major cities in Tigray, inflicting heavy causalities on the TPLF and sparking fears of a wider conflict that could extend well beyond the country’s borders.

Analyzing the Tragic Conflict in Ethiopia and the War on Tigray

Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD December 28, 2020
This article intends to critically examine the current conflict in Ethiopia, with particular focus on the war in Tigray, but most importantly it will systematically analyze the complicated and complex factors that contributed to the war in Tigray. Many observers, notwithstanding few and far in between freelancers who correctly monitored the situation on the ground, have superficially reported about the war and this article, thus, will shoulder responsibility by way of presenting the main and core factors and forces that have played a major role in the conflict. Furthermore, this essay will expose the many non-Ethiopian actors who are directly or indirectly engaged in the conflict. 

Ethiopia accused of war crimes in Mai Kadra massacre

Ethnic Tigrayan survivor Abrahaley Minasbo, 22, from Mai-Kadra, Ethiopia, shows his wounds from machetes in a shelter in eastern Sudan, near the Sudan-Ethiopia border, on December 15th 2020

INVESTIGATIONS into potential war crimes committed during Ethiopia’s military offensive against the northern Tigray region must be impartial, thorough and transparent, the United Nations said today.
The UN Office at Geneva (UNOG) says an independent probe must take place to determine what took place in Tigray amid reports that civilians were targeted and massacres took place during the operation which started in November. Between November 9 and 10, a massacre took place in Mai Kadre in western Tigray in which at least 700 men, women and children were brutally executed

Ethiopia: Bloody Burden of Tigrai 
Mogos Abraham, PhD

Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Canada 15 December 2020We had enough everyone! Enough is enough! Although its origin is traced to Tigrai, now, this ancient land called Ethiopia, populated by a majority of uncivilized entities, is outdated. It has outlived its relevance for the 21st century as a nation state. Those backward entities have made Ethiopia irrelevant in all aspects of life. The current Ethiopia is a land of genocide of extreme savagery. Thus, this is the right time for Tigrai to exit out of this darkness.

'Slaughtered like chickens': Eritrea heavily involved in Tigray conflict, say eyewitnesses
Despite denials by Ethiopia, multiple reports confirm killings, looting and forcible return of refugees by Asmara’s forces
Residents had been “slaughtered like chicken”, the elders said, their corpses abandoned to be “eaten by hyenas”. They also spoke of rampant looting and vandalism: “All government assets have been destroyed and looted,” said one. Thousands are thought to have been killed, civilians among them, and nearly 50,000 people have fled to Sudan since Ethiopia’s Tigray war began on 4 November. Pitched battles involving tanks and fighter jets – as well as militia from Amhara, which borders Tigray to the south – have flattened villages and emptied towns.

Situation Report EEPA HORN No. 24 – 13 December 2020

Author: Martin Plaut
Source: EEPA Date: 13/12/2020

Bombardment of civilians and areas of TDF suspected bases were reported using drones and fighter jets around Central fronts of Tigray. Reports of three convoys of military trucks carrying soldiers and three trucks which were heading to supply fuel to Ethiopian National Defence Forces (ENDF) have been destroyed by Tigray Defence Forces around Mayichaw, the capital of Southern Zone of Tigray.
Alerts on frequent bombing of Tembien (Tigray) with increasing number of confirmations, speaking of indiscriminate attacks, taking place “nonstop all day today involving a huge number of fighter jets and artillery firepower” Bombardment of civilians and areas of TDF suspected bases were reported using drones and fighter jets around Central fronts of Tigray

The area on Southern Tigray/Raya has actual government documentation indicating that all of Raya was under Tigrai administration until 1948. Also large portions of Easter and South Easter of Tigrai were included in the Afar region because most citizens that lived in the area spoke Afar and were Afars. The majority of the regional states were reconstituted, except for the Somali region. Tigray’s borders – an alternative view Here is a map and information Michael Russell, Nubia and Abyssinia, 1884.

Institutional Ethnic Cleansing, the case of Ethiopian Airlines
Selam Nur

11 December 2020 Who would have ever imagined that in 12/2020, a leader who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize would order the profiling and purging of a single ethnic group from its most internationally recognized institution, Ethiopian Airlines? Abiy Ahmed Ali did. According to his religious followers, he is a messiah who has risen to save Ethiopia, perhaps Africa. Instead, he has allied with the devil, Isayas who has completed the destruction of a nation and is now ready to tackle a more challenging, larger nation

Making Sense of Abiy’s War on Tigray: Reflections on the Context, Cause, and Consequences
Tsegaye R Ararssa (10 December 2020)Ethiopia today is in the throes of a protracted war. Although the Ethiopian government says that the war it has waged on Tigray is already completed, to date, fighting has not stopped. In what follows, I will try to describe the war, its origin and its immediate context, its cause, and its consequences so far.

Ethnic Profiling of Tigrayan Ethiopians and Genocide in Tigray
IDEA Editorial December 10, 2020

The Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) has been diligently following and monitoring the Ethiopian conflict since the declaration of war on Tigray by the Abiy Ahmed government on November 4, 2020. We at IDEA, without any bias to any party, are interested to compile data on evidence surrounding ethnic profiling of Tigrayan Ethiopians residing throughout Ethiopia and the genocide now being perpetrated by the Abiy-Isaias combined forces; whatever we present here are reflections of the realities on the ground and supported by valid proofs gathered by journalists or testified by the victims of war, some of whom have now sought refuge in the Sudan.

Tigrayan Global Advocacy Group (TGAG) Statement on the Abiy Ahmed War on the Regional State of Tigray

To: United Nations Security Council, the African Union (AU), and the European Union (EU)

November 28, 2020

Excerpt: The central theme of this statement reflects the current situation of the ongoing conflict in Ethiopia, and more specifically on the Abiy-Isaias war on Tigray and the overall reality on the ground in Tigray, especially in regards to the bombardment of civilian areas and the destruction of institutions, hospitals, industries, and farms, and the subsequent humanitarian catastrophe, including the influx of more than 40,000 Tigrayan refugees to Sudan that is corroborated by international media

Humanitarian Task Force of Canadians against the Ongoing Genocide in Ethiopia

We ask that your authority that the Canadian government public decries this genocide: provide world leadership in interceding in this tragic conflict: and provides humanitarian help to the more than 40,000 refugees in Sudan. Including mother’s children, the youth and the elderly. These unfortunate people were uprooted from their homelands by this particular against Tigreans genocidal war. Military forces of unelected, caretaker, Ethiopian regime, supported by foreign countries Eritrea, Somalia, Saudi Arabia and UAR are committing genocide against the citizens of the National State of Tigrai.

Brief Retort to Hailemariam Desalegn’s Unwarranted and Misguided Moral Equivalence 

Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD 

Image.jpegNovember 25 2020I was caught off guard when I read Hailemariam Desalegn’s piece on Foreign Policy (FP November 24, 2020) entitled “Ethiopia’s Government and the TPLF Leadership are not Morally Equivalent”, and the reason for my unwary reaction to his writing is because I had the impression that the former Prime Minister was a decent human being with integrity and I never expected him to come up with such contradictory, misguided, and unwarranted argument by way of supporting the Abiy war on Tigray; apparently, in his opinion, the government is waging war in order to enforce security measures. Hailemariam may also suffer from state of denial and corroborate the idea that Isaias and the Eritrean government are not involved; An Ethiopia-TPLF Dialogue Won’t Lead to Peace (foreignpolicy.com)

Esat, Zehabesha, Meraja 360 and many more Rhetoric of Deception

Ethioobserver Editorial Nov.25th 2020
The few self-appointed noisy Ethiopian Diaspora opposition, who are bent on violence and terrorism are responsible for the thousands of lives lost and they deserve nothing less than unconditional condemnation for their continued attempt to wreak havoc and instability by engaging to megalomaniac dreams of unitary vision. Their propaganda machine has doggedly worked to suppress the truth and they are waging an ill-fated assault on Tigreans with their bogus and pathological lies. What we are hearing from those who escaped the horror and living in the Sudan is tantamount to crimes against humanity. But the Tigrean people throughout their history shown that their collective willpower of survival is their bravery of resistance, until the invaders and Isaias foot solders defeated.

Foreign Secretary statement following a meeting with the Ethiopian Deputy Prime Minister
Following a discussion about the conflict in Ethiopia with the Ethiopian Deputy Prime Minister, Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab has made the below statement. Following a discussion about the conflict in Ethiopia with the Ethiopian Deputy Prime Minister, Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab has made the below statement.
Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab said:
I met today with the Ethiopian Deputy Prime Minister Demeke Mekonnen to discuss the deeply concerning situation in the Tigray region. I made clear that there should be an immediate end to violence by both sides, civilians who remain in the region must be protected, and I expressed particular concern about the impact on civilians of the planned siege of Tigray’s capital, Mekelle.
The government needs to guarantee unhindered humanitarian access and the restoration of basic services in Tigray. All parties to this conflict need to want to find a political solution and accept regional offers of mediation, to avoid a looming humanitarian crisis and the spread of fighting and suffering to other countries in the region.
The UK has been a longstanding supporter of Ethiopia, which has established itself as a beacon of reform in Africa. This conflict is putting all of those reform efforts at risk.
Media enquiries

Ethiopia faces new pressure to slow down on Tigray
By Aggrey Mutambo Senior Diplomatic Writer Nation Media Group

The Ethiopian government is facing new pressure from the US to slow down on the crackdown on the Tigray region for dialogue, with some rights groups warning of possible war crimes in the area.
The rights groups said they were alarmed after Ethiopian military spokesman Col Dejene Tsegaye called on civilians in Makelle “to save themselves from any artillery attacks and free yourselves from the junta ... After that, there will be no mercy.”
“Treating a whole city as a military target would not only be unlawful, it would also be considered a form of collective punishment,” warned Laetitia Bader, Horn of Africa Director at the Human Rights Watch.

Grandmasters’ Mercenaries and their War on Tigray
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD November 23, 2020 

The current war on Tigray is sometimes viewed as a war between the usurper Abiy regime and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), but this perspective distorts the real nature and objective of the war that was declared and unleashed on November 4, 2020 by Abiy and his cohorts. The war, though conducted by Abiy and his Prosperity Party treasonous officials, some Western powers and Arab countries like Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) actually have been behind the curtain of the orchestrated overall conflict that has been gradually but surely undermining the Ethiopian nation-state in the last three years;

You words is not what hurts but your Silence

Wendwesen Asfaw

  In the world of Abiy Ahmed and Isayas Afeworki, the war in Tigray has reached a decisive stage. They have issued an ultimatum to the effect that, unless the TPLF leadership surrenders within 72 hours, the capital of Tigray, Mekelle, which they claim has been surrounded, will be attacked mercilessly. They also advised the inhabitants of the city to hand over the leaders of the TPLF, or otherwise face the mayhem and destruction that will ensue in the event that they decide to attack the city. Incidentally, this is also what is being reported by international news outlets, such as the BBC and Al Jazeera's. But no serious independent journalist has yet to vouch for the veracity Abiy’s characterization of the reality on the ground since there is a complete communication blackout in Tigray. 

No more to go Back to the old Days

Maiza Solomon

On the wake of the second week of fighting between Tigray and Abiy’s treasonous forces, the cyberspace is full of misinformation and disinformation about the status of the war in Tigray. Buying into Abiy’s propaganda, even relatively reputable international news outlets are reporting that Abiy’s forces are marching to the capital of Tigray, Mekelle. However, these outlets also report that they could not verify Abiy’s accounts because they cannot get information from inside Tigray as all communication has been cut off and no outside reporters are allowed in. Meanwhile, state media, the few paid private outlets affiliated with the government and YouTubers with multiple accounts are fanning the flames of war and predicting that the war will mark the end of Tigray. Of course, Isaias of Eritrea, is also doing Abiy’s bidding in the promotion of lies about the situation in Tigray and in Eritrea. 

COVID-19 in Ethiopia: Too Dangerous for National Elections, but Effective for Fracturing an Autonomous Regional State 
Professor Desta, Asayehgn

Over the years, a combination of ethnic fighting and demand for autonomy and self-rule has been brewing in the Benishangul-Gumuz, Oromia, Somali, and Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People Regional (SNNPR) states of Ethiopia. Currently, the COVID-19 pandemic has ravaged and plunged regional states into a downward spiral that has contributed to the postponement of the national elections in Ethiopia. Given that everyone is affected by the devastation wrought by the virus, why did Prime Minister Abiy’s (hereafter referred to as Abiy) government initiate a full-blown war against the regional state of Tigray—the most stable and peaceful regional state in Ethiopia? 

Ambassador Tibor P. Nagy, Jr.

Re: November 19, 2020 Briefing
Ethiopian Observer Editorial 

Intentionally or otherwise, you have distorted the facts and dared to present events without shreds of evidence. I realize that there are alternative facts and total denial of the truth in the Trump administration. I am compelled to respond to your briefing pointing out where your presentation blatantly departs from the facts because the war Abiy Ahmed Ali has declared and is carrying out with full support of your administration is treason, ethnic cleansing and crime against humanity. Your job representing me, and Americans should have highlighted peace, the rule of law and democratic accountability.

Official: Ethiopia's latest air strike hits Tigray university
19 November 2020 

NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) - A university official says the latest air strike by Ethiopia's military has struck the school in the capital of the defiant Tigray region and caused major damage, while the United States says neither side in the conflict is heeding calls for de-escalation.
The senior official described Thursday's air strike in an email shared with The Associated Press. It was not immediately clear if anyone was killed or wounded in the air strike in Mekelle.

No honor comes among thieves

Ethioobserver editorial 
Today as Tegaru (people from Tigray region in Ethiopia) we are in the midst of a struggle to deal with the new face of conflict that has emerged as ethnic cleansing. The fear of ethnic violence or genocide in Ethiopia against defenseless Tegaru constitutes a key concern for the responsible international organizations to avoid a future catastrophic horror. What is happening in Ethiopia against Tegaru is a tragedy that can be easily avoided. 
Abiy so far has taken precautions to conceal and mislead the social media, international community and Amnesty International the deadly act of genocide at Mai-Kadra and blame the victim Tegaru for the heinous attacks. Amnesty International was quick to blame the victim of such horror and must retract the statement and contact the survivors and witnesses of the massacre in the Sudan

Voice of Reason
Advocacy Group for Growth and Transformation
Background to the war in Ethiopia for the international media

The illegitimate Ethiopian government has imposed a complete shutdown of communication and transportation in and out of the State of Tigray. He has now declared war and mobilized ground and air attacks against the state. This illegitimate government has controlled the local media and is disseminating false information to the international community. Unfortunately, the international media, in most cases, are now simply parroting a one-sided narrative of the situation in Ethiopia as given by the head of the government without any corroborating evidence.

Barbaric-Genocidal Ethnic Cleansing, Extreme Savagery, in Ethiopia
Mogos Abraham, PhD
Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Canada15 Nov. 2020
The Ethiopian Case

When he was an Intelligence Officer in the Ethiopian National Intelligence and Information Service Agency, Mr. Abiy Ahmed Ali, currently an illegitimate Prime Minister, who has illegally imposed his will on Ethiopians, conspired with Isaias Afeworki, President of Eritrea, and several guerrilla groups that were fighting against the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE). He helped in unleashing genocidal rampages during the months of July and August 2016 against Tigrayans, who lived for generations in their own Motherland, Ethiopia’s Amhara Regional State.
One of many evidences of crimes against humanity (Reuters 13 Nov. 2020)[2]: “Speaking to Reuters on Friday in the Sudanese border town of al-Fashqa, where more than 7,000 refugees have sought safety, witnesses gave firsthand accounts of the escalating conflict in Tigray, where government forces are battling fighters loyal to rebellious local leaders. Reuters spoke to a dozen refugees. Many of them described seeing dead bodies strewn alongside the roads as they fled under cover of darkness, fearing they would be found and killed

Ethiopians fleeing to Sudan describe air strikes, machete killings in Tigray
AL-FASHQA, Sudan (Reuters) - Civilians fleeing fighting in Ethiopia’s northern Tigray region described bombing by government jets, shooting on the streets and killings by machete, as they joined thousands of refugees crossing into neighboring Sudan.
Barhat, 52, said she and others had fled from Moya Khadra after people from the Amhara region, which borders Tigray and whose rulers back Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, attacked them.

Subject: The Bombardment of the Regional State of Tigray of Ethiopia

The Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) is deeply concerned of the ongoing conflict in Ethiopia, particularly the war that has been declared on Tigray by the Abiy Ahmed-led federal government on November 4, 2020, and since the official declaration of war on its own people, the regime’s air force has been bombarding several civilian areas in Tigray. The main purpose of this letter, thus, is to appeal to the UN Security Council to immediately intervene in the meaningless war and rescue Ethiopians from aerial bombardment and from carnage.  

Active Genocide and Politicized In Northern Ethiopia, Tigray Regional State 

By Tigrean-Americans in Seattle Seattle, 

Washington November 6, 2020Too little attention is being given to the widespread ethnic based killing since the takeover of the illegitimate PM. Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopia orchestrated by an illegal extension of his rule suspending the election, which was a serious constitutional breach. Abiy launched two years ago (medemer) as a new weapon in place of the Federal System of Nations, Nationalities, and peoples, which has given him a new license to destroy the constitutional order and the rule of law. Ethiopians Nations and Nationalities must be brace up as one united body for a fight to destroy a regime that has made assassinations as its political mainstay and ploy. 

Narratives Matter,Setting the Record Right on the current Ethiopian crisis
Selam Nur

1. ETHNIC CLEANSING Ethnic violence in Ethiopia is on the rise as predicted by local and international observers. The nation is morning the massacre of innocent lives based on ethnicity. Our organization, TPLF knows firsthand what it is like to be oppressed because of ethnicity and fought for 17 years to liberate its region. It championed ethnic equality and self determination even if it meant cessation. A coalition of four parties, the Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF): the Amhara Democratic Party, the Oromo Democratic Party, the Southern Ethiopian Peoples’ Democratic Movement and the Tigrai Peoples’ Liberation Front ruled the country for over 27 years. The hallmark of the EPRDF rule was peace, stability and rapid economic growth. 

The Umbilical Cord of Ethiopia is Buried in Tigray: Do not venture anywhere near the Navel String 

IDEA Editorial                                               November 6, 2020

Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD

When I first began drafting this essay, my heart was pounding in response to the outcome of the US 2020 elections, while at the same time I was saddened by the massacre of Ethiopians in Wellega, western Oromia; the bulk of Ethiopian social media outlets reported the incident as ‘Amhara genocide’ but I prefer to call the victims Ethiopians, and my use of the word ‘Ethiopian’ paradoxically is perhaps in a vain attempt to avoid a narrow ethnocentric portrayal of dignified Ethiopians. It is unfortunate that these days ethnic identity has become the dominant political language of Ethiopians as opposed to the overarching pan-Ethiopian identity, but twenty-five years ago I had already detected the dangers of ethnicity and tribal-like solidarity in my debut book, Ethiopia: The Political Economy of Transition, and this is what I said then:

As tensions rise in Ethiopia’s Tigray region, the IRC calls on all parties to prioritize de-escalation and protect civilians and the most vulnerable 
MEDIA CONTACTS Kellie Ryan International Rescue Committee
Kellie.Ryan@rescue.org IRC Global Communications
New York, NY, November 5, 2020 — The International Rescue Committee (IRC) is extremely concerned about escalating tensions and hostilities in Ethiopia’s Tigray region, where many refugees, displaced people and local communities are reeling from a year of multiple humanitarian disasters. The COVID-19 pandemic, massive flooding and a desert locust outbreak destroying crops have led to an increasingly dire humanitarian situation and increased food insecurity. 
Elinor Raikes, Vice President Crisis Response, Recovery and Development, said, “Any Conflict will hit the most vulnerable the hardest, and they cannot afford to be neglected. All parties must commit to ensuring the safety of these populations and adhere to international law.

Explainer: What happened for Ethiopia to be on the verge of civil war?
The Associated Press Friday 06 November 2020Text size A A A

Suddenly Ethiopia appears on the brink of civil war, threatening the stability of one of the world’s most strategic regions, the Horn of Africa, and the fracturing of one of Africa’s most powerful and populous countries. But the crisis in Ethiopia, a key US security ally, has been building for months, and “it has been like watching a train crash in slow motion,” Dino Mahtani with the International Crisis Group said this week. For all the latest headlines, follow our Goggle News channel online or via the app. Now Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, awarded the Nobel Peace Prize last year for sweeping political reforms, faces the sharpest consequences yet of the country’s recent shifts in power.

The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Ethiopia’s Economy: Two Perspectives Asayehgn Desta, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Development 
As the coronavirus started surging like a tidal wave throughout Ethiopia, The Ethiopian policy makers began preaching that staying at home, hand washing, mask-wearing, and maintaining social distancing would slow down the spread of the disease. Based on an illusion that the above policies would be fully implemented and thereby start rekindling Ethiopia’s economy, Prime Minister Abiy of Ethiopia (hereafter refereed to Abiy), in his briefing to the House of Peoples’ Representatives on October 19, 2020, boldly asserted that Ethiopia’s real GDP has increased by 6.1 percent in 2020. 

How Eritreans view Abiy and Isaias’ regional integration venture
November 2, 2020by Mebrahtu Ateweberhan

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed talks and acts not only as the leader of Ethiopia but also the wider Horn of Africa. The premier has also repeatedly proclaimed that Eritrea’s President Isaias Afeworki is a genuine partner in peace and development. Since both leaders have taken it upon themselves to be the front-runners, we can safely assume that Ethio-Eritrean relations make the basis of the regional integration plan. For it to succeed, it is essential that citizens of both countries have confidence in the process. It is for that reason Eritreans have intently followed Abiy’s movements since his first speech in parliament and visit to Eritrea in July 2018.

The Ethiopian American diaspora
28 October 2020
Donald J. Trump
President of the United States 
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20500

Dear President Trump,
We are dismayed by your regrettable remarks from the White House on public TV when you condemned Ethiopia for “stopping the deal”. Not only had the US administration stopped aid/ “payment” to Ethiopia, but that you also declared Egypt “will end up blowing up the dam”. You encouraged Egypt to “blow up the dam” if Ethiopia continued to resist to sign a deal of handing over the management of the Blue Nile water to Egypt.

 Diaspora Africans, in particular Ethiopians, must vote for Joe Biden in order to remove Donald Trump

IDEA Editorial                                                                       October 25, 2020

On behalf of the Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA), we at IDEA write and appeal to all Diaspora Africans to vote for Joe Biden so that the White House is relieved from Donald Trump, a man of no knowledge of diplomacy and the ABCs of political science; a man whose character is clearly confrontational, xenophobic, and essentially racist. From the time he campaigned for the presidential bid to his entrance to the White House in 2016, Trump vented his anger by employing slurs against Mexicans, women, African Americans, and African countries; he called Mexicans drug pushers and racists; looked down unto women with chauvinistic zeal; denigrated African American struggles and mottos such as “Black Lives Matter” as a racist slogan; said, “I don’t have respect for civil rights activists” (implying to Congressman John Lewis funeral); called African countries shitholes; called Kamala Harris a communist; and in the last debate with Joe Biden, he attributed to some people what he calls “low IQ”, when he himself can be categorized as a man of low IQ. Trump is childish, infantile, and arrogant and does not deserve a second term.

Revisiting Zara Yacob, The Rationalist Ethiopian Philosopher of the Seventeenth Century

This Zara Yacob Project, initiated and sponsored by the Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) and African Ascent, presents two articles authored by Ghelawdewos Araia and Tedros Kiros, and will have a companion video discussion that will be disseminated to the public at large and the academia in particular. Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia is professor of history and political science at Africana Studies, Lehman College of the City University of New York, and he is the founder and president of the Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA); Dr. Tedros Kiros is professor of philosophy and literature at Berklee School of Music and Harvard University (summer school), and he is the producer and host of African Ascent.

.Currency Changes and Economic Stabilization: The Ethiopian Experience 
Asayehgn Desta, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Economic Development

Prior to the Ethio-Eritrea conflict that occurred in 1998, the Ethiopian birr at the time was demonetized and subsequently monetized as a new currency. Currently, the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Abiy (hereafter referred to Abiy) has spent US $101.2 million to redesign the symbols in the face value of the existing birr notes of 10, 50, and 100; mint coins; and print a new 200 birr note. As unveiled by Abiy, the new currency is presumed vital to withstand cash hoarding, restrain illegal trade activities, and curtail the illicit financial flows that have seriously shattered Ethiopia’s economic stability (Tadesse, September 14, 2020).

Out of Darkness to a Bright Future of Glory: Birthday of a Modern Nation State of Tigrai
Mogos Abraham, PhD
Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Canada 15 Sept. 2020

Congratulations, Momma Tigrai!  By scoring multiple victories against all your enemies, your children are building your bright future, a future of democracy for the 21st Century, peace, and prosperity. You are being groomed as a Nation State of Tigrai. Let your friends and foes, those near and afar, understand this historic fact. Particularly the present-coward Amhara goons must swallow the bitter pill of absolute jealousy and hatred. They will not be able to rob your land, cultural identity, and history to reign on your children as their predecessors did. The reckless-coward Amhara goons hate to appreciate all the sacrifices and victories of your children, the heroes and heroines, to protect Ethiopia’s independence and territorial integrity. Abiy Ahmed Ali, the street crook, is one the dangerous thugs, who attempted to undermine (devalue) the miraculous military, economic, and political achievements of TPLF/EPRDF.

Abiy Ahmed’s political challenge and survival after the end of September 2020
Editorial Ethioobserver

In any democratic society, amendment or review of the constitution is a long-term issue that needs commitment and engagement on the part of those elected and electorate. It is now clear that Abiy has made up his mind to extend his term in office with the help of the rubber stamp election commission and parliament. He continues to mask broken promises and harmful polices with high sounding rhetoric and his solo gospel. It is ridiculous at this time to seek legitimacy without having one that PP asks for a legitimacy by manipulating the institutional organs, showing its utter contempt and insult of the Ethiopian Constitution. Therefore, Ethiopia deserves much more attention because Abiy represents a complete erosion of the federal system as a flashpoint of instability and failure. 

Incumbent vs Challenger: Who Would have an Advantage in Tigray’s Election? Asayehgn Desta, Sarlo Distinguished Professor, Dominican University of California
After the “National Electoral Board of Ethiopia abandoned vote preparations in March due to the Arrival of COVID-19” (International Crisis Group, August 14, 2020), embracing their constitutional rights, the Administrative State Council of Tigray expressed its desire to run polls’ election and scheduled it for September, 9, 2020 -- instead of waiting for a year until after the World Health Organization (WHO) would hopefully confirm the end of the pandemic coronavirus pandemic.

Professor Teodros Kiros Interview with Yara Shahidi, a model for the Global young celebrities

End Life Sentences for Non-Violent Crimes
Sam Ben-Meir - August 25, 2020

It does not seem possible that here in the United States, a country that has long prided itself on its humanity, a man could be serving a life sentence for stealing hedge clippers. Yet, shocking as it is, Fair Wayne Bryant’s story is the story of thousands of Americans whose lives have been decimated by draconian laws that disproportionately affect minorities.

Bryant, a black man, was sentenced to life in prison for trying to steal hedge clippers from a Louisiana carport storage room in 1997. He has already served twenty-three years for this petty crime, and on 31 July the Louisiana Supreme Court denied a request to review his life sentence. The denial followed a lower appeals court’s 2019 decision that concluded “his life sentence is final.”

To A Life of a Singer-Songwriter: Hagos GebreHiwet
The news of Hagos Gebrehiwet’s untimely death on August 13, 2020 has sent shock waves
throughout the nation and among his community and supporters. Artist Hagos Gebrehiwet is survived by his loving and wonderful wife of more than 30 years Weizero Hirut Arage and his three children: Bereket, Halewat and Ezana. Hagos Gebrehiwet was a much loved, admired, and respected singer, songwriter, and composer of Tigrigna music. His colorful and melodic Tigrigna songs have been widely admired and revered in the Tegaru community.

 Interview on Current Ethiopian Affairs 
Ethiopian Observer had conducted interview on major issues pertaining to history, political economy, current affairs on Ethiopia with Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia on January 2012; the response and constructive feedback to that interview was tremendous. The present interview is focused on current Ethiopian affairs, and although technically Ethiopian Observer has managed the formal interviewing process, the contents of the interview topics and themes was organized in collaboration with the Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA).


Ethiopian Observer has the pleasure and distinct privilege to have Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia on this Youtube format interview, and we like to introduce him briefly before we begin the interview: Ghelawdewos Araia is a political scientist and educator by profession and a historian by vocation; he is a graduate of the world famous Columbia University and earned all his degrees, including BA, two MAs, and a doctorate from the same university; he is a prolific writer and has authored many books and hundreds of articles on Ethiopia, Africa, and International Studies. He is also the founder and president of the Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA)
On behalf of the Ethiopian Observer, Bereket Kiros the editor of the Ethiopian Observer  managed and lead the interview:


How Western Media is Failing Ethiopia
Jeff Pearce Aug 31

If you want to know the history of journalism in Africa, it starts with “Doctor Livingstone, I presume?” A news article about one white guy going off to find another white guy, a missionary, in what today is Tanzania. In the newspaper account, the Africans were pretty much scenery. The situation did not get better with time. The correspondents who showed up to cover Ethiopia’s confrontation with Italy in 1935 were disappointed when talks at the League of Nations dragged on and the shooting wouldn’t start. They were pissed off that there was no spectacle, so most of them left. The guy who wrote for the New York Times covering the Fascist side was openly pro-Italian.

Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA), Incorporated
A Debate on Democracy and Self-Determination by the Contending Parties of
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD August 26 2020
ገላውዴዎስ ኣርኣያ ዶ/ር
ናይ ትግራይ ቅድመ-መረፃ ናይ ተነሓነሕቲ ክትዕ ኣብ ዴሞክራሲን መሰል ዓርሲ ርእሰ ውሳኔን 

Horn of Africa Disaster Politics and Its Geopolitical Implications 
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD July 25, 2020 

If we superficially analyze the Ethiopian reality on the ground, we could very well surmise that Ethiopia is on the verge of disaster and this would not be surprising, because the cloud of disaster politics is hovering over it anyway. However, it is also highly probable that the present regional states of Ethiopia that have enjoyed self-determination and internal administrative autonomy would fight to the end to safeguard the hard won right. It is true that Abiy successfully recruited and coopted some leaders from Somalia, Afar, Benishangul Gumuz, but the people of these regions would not simply yield to the future unitary state that could erode their self-determination rights; in point of fact, Mustafa Muhammad Omer, the current president of the Somali Regional State, the right hand man of Abiy, is not liked by the Somali Ethiopians, nor does he enjoy support from his own party, the Somali Democratic Party (SDP), a party that rejected its own dissolution and being incorporated into the Prosperity Party of Abiy Ahmed. 

Trump The Wannabe Dictator
Dr. Alon Ben-Meir

I, like many of my fellow Americans, am extremely concerned about Trump’s dictatorial tendencies. Given his behavior – what he said and did over the past four years – he may well act on some of these tendencies, especially if he loses the election by a narrow margin. The concerns I have are not numerous, but are extremely critical: what if he challenges the results of the election and remains adamant on calling for a recount or a new election entirely? What if he refuses to leave the White House and prevents the peaceful transition of power? What if he calls on the military to occupy all major American cities while he still is the Commander-in-Chief between Election Day and the inauguration of the new president? And what if he prompts his supporters to take up arms, converge into the streets, and violently confront the likely massive number of protesters who would demand Trump’s removal from the White House, which could lead to some kind of a civil war?

Building a Definition of Development 
By Yossef Ben-Meir Marrakech 
The idea of development itself, its definition, and even the method we use for defining it, would be a good place to begin toward discovering its potential in our lives. We cannot rely on any single, or even ten, definitions. We need to look at the full range of literature that arose following the end of World War II, decolonization, and reconstruction from when international development spawned in our era. How has development been defined across the decades? 

 Proportional Representation Electoral System: Pathway to participatory democracy in Tigray 
Asayehgn Desta, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Development 

Under the plurality or first-past-the-post system, unlike the majoritarian electoral system; a candidate does not need to pass a minimum threshold of votes or does not require an absolute majority to be elected. Instead, a candidate with one more vote than the closest rival candidate is elected as a member of the parliament or the regional state council. In short, under the first-past-the post system, the candidate with the most votes is regarded as the winner whereas the other candidates irrespective of their polls are declared losers (see Norris, 1998).

Establishing Sustainable Handwashing Water Strategies to Manage the Spread of COVID-19 in the Regional State of Tigray, Ethiopia

Asayehgn Desta, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Development, USA and

Hadush Berhe, Deputy Managing Director and Assistant Professor in Industrial Engineering with Production and Industrial Systems Engineering Streams, Mekelle University, Ethiopia

Tigrai which way Forward?
Ethiopian Observer editorial

TPLF’s corrupt old method and its sinister plan to demonize and label genuine opposition parties by unleashing their attack dogs have recently been on the attention for all. This barefaced intimidation would unduly precipitate in major adversarial repercussions for our Tigrai. The recent interview by one of the members of the party and intramural propaganda by those old guards in different zones, Woredas and Kebeles of Tigray against the defenseless persons and parties is indeed a troubling assault and shows what is awaiting in Tigrai. It is necessary to look at the background before getting lost in the din created by detractors who have always hid and deny the truth. But in a region like our Tigrai, where the same tyrants make their ascension to power by means of the gun, intimidation, killing and imprisoning to rule for ever until they die is a play book for existence. Our Tigrean people are not naïve to fail to understand that the end of the TPLF gangs would take at the end a violent turn. When peaceful means are exhausted, the fate of tyrants is going to end up at the dust bin of history.

 The Republicans’ Treasonous Betrayal Of The American People

Alon Ben-Meir - June 8, 2020

There is nothing that Trump says or does that will surprise me anymore, no matter how shocking or outrageous. After three and a half years in office, he has ushered America to the brink of anarchy, a political condition that I now believe he has sought all along. But what is even more treacherous than Trump’s behavior is the way the Republican Party has followed him, worrisomely akin to blind sheep following a lost shepherd grazing in the meadows of national outrage. I wonder how many Republican governors and members of Congress look themselves in the mirror and ask: ‘why I am supporting a president who has sacrificed the country’s well-being on the altar of his ego, a man with a dangerous authoritarian instinct, a man who has divided rather than united the country, and one who will stoop to any low or ignore any law to satisfy his lust for power and personal gain?’

The Pandemic Underlines America’s Ingrained Racism
Dr. Alon Ben-Meir

We are now reaping the harvest of the seeds of racism and discrimination; the devaluation of black life in job opportunities, in buying and lending, in wages, positions, and treatment. The whole socio-economic and cultural system is lopsided, as it lacks the fundamentals of justice and equality. The pandemic provided the wakeup call that pointed out the ugly tradition of subjugation of the black community, which sadly did not stop with the end of slavery, but continued in the wanton indifference to their pain and agony, our uncanny negligence, and our failure to understand what they are really experiencing.

We had our communications meeting and there was just a lot going on just during check in and we felt the need to respond as the alliance to the public. I think this can definitely fall into anti-bias and hate and I think this is a continuing campaign I can see moving forward, kinda like Sharon’s work (but we can talk about this more later).  I know there’s a big protest going on tomorrow and I’d like share this tonight or tomorrow morning by the latest.  Unless there is any objection or needed feedback—the communications team is going to push this out on our FB page and email it to the larger group of the alliance.  Worst case scenario, I can take off the alliance name and I can just share it as an individual if folks find the message or work to be problematic.  In any case, lmk and talk soon y’all!  Have a good weekend and stay safe out there! 

The rise of Racism and Xenophobic attack by Chinese against Africans 
Bereket Kiros

It is an important time that CIRCC (Coalition of Immigrants Refugees & Communities of Color) has created a strategy that anchors the building of our civic alliance to embark on a collaborative approach against COVID-19 in areas of quarantined sites in communities of color. I feel strongly watching through the social media images of the horrible incidents taking place in China against peaceful residents of African origin by hateful and violent Chinese security officials and common Chinese citizens. The horrific mistreatment of innocent African residents being thrown out of their homes, being humiliated by jeering crowed, being beaten and shoved around by uniformed security personnel has tormented me being powerless and incapable of influencing the course of events that is taking place in China against Africans.

Tigray: Towards a de-facto state?


Addis Ababa, May 14/2020 – The postponement of the elections and Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s proposal on how to solve the upcoming constitutional crisis in Ethiopia, has accentuated Tigrayan nationalism and the process of ensuring de facto Tigray statehood. The current political dynamics in the country, if continued unchecked, may push the Tigrayan discourse even further, as voices advocating for secession and Tigrayan independence are increasingly heard. How come Tigray, the cradle of Ethiopian civilization and the ‘country’s engine’, according to Abiy Ahmed, entertain ideas of statehood and secession? What developments have compelled both the people and some political elites to argue that the perceived best solution may possibly be to leave Ethiopia?

Security Issues That Call Immediate Attention 
Girmay Berhe Any observer of the current situation in Ethiopia can see that, in addition to the obviously worrying COVID-19 pandemic, there are three security issues that call for our immediate attention, namely, the standoff between Egypt and Ethiopia with respect to filling the Nile Dam, the dispute between the Abiy’s government and opposition forces in Ethiopia, particularly federalist organizations such as the OLF, OFC, ONLF and other nationalists, and the row between Tigray and the Abiy government about the legality of holding elections in Tigray.

Postponing the Ethiopian Election could derail Hitherto Accomplished Achievements and Paralyzing Future Worthwhile Democratic Institutions 
Ghelawdewos Araia May 9, 2020 

It seems to me the title of this article is good enough to depict or insinuate the present political landscape in Ethiopia that is complicated and chaotic to say the least. In this short essay, I like to critically examine the legality or illegality of the Ethiopian electoral system in light of the Ethiopian constitution that is currently almost trampled over. The reason why I say the constitution is trampled over is quite obvious to me: the executive branch of the present Ethiopian government that has been in  power for slightly over two years has been operating outside the parameters of the law of the land; and ironically the Ethiopian parliament, conceptually the law-making legislature has become a good-for-nothing House of Representatives. Incredibly, contrary to the power nexus, authority and responsibilities defined in the constitution, the accountabilities are now reversed; instead of the Executive being accountable to the legislative as stated in Article 72 sub-Article 2, it is the latter that became accountable to the former. 

United Way is pleased to announce an expanded program of rental assistance beginning on Friday April 10, 2020. Thanks to generous donations to the Community Relief Fund and a variety of community partners, one month of rental assistance is being offered to people in King County struggling to pay rent due to the corona virus

Help with rent and mortgages

Internet First delivers affordable and reliable high speed Internet.
The Internet First program is designed to help families and students in low-income
households to have reliable and affordable access to the Internet.
The Internet First program is open to eligible participants. You may qualify if you:

Tangible Support for Undocumented Communities during COVID-19 from Immigrants Rising
A list of resources for undocumented folks Healthcare access – safe healthcare centers in the WA

Ethiopia Raises Its hands to God
Oh God Almighty, we stand before to beg for forgiveness. Neither Ethiopia’s economy nor its health power can defend its poor people from the gathering clouds; only you can. We have undoubtedly disappointed you and thus kneel before you to grant us your mercy. 

We are poor, we have no power and we have no skills and knowledge to withstand the devastation of the corona virus epidemic that the most powerful rich countries could not. But as it said in the bible in times of trial and tribulation, Ethiopia raises its hands towards you and you have spared and protected from visible and visible enemies. Ethiopia’s hands are stretched not with despair but everlasting faith that its people, your children will not perish because you will spread your wings of mercy and protect them. 

A Remarkable Challenge for Diaspora: Leveraging Ethiopia’s TVET Programs for Integrating the Internal Displaced Persons into Their Ancestral Homes 
Desta, Asayehgn (Ph.D), Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Development and Quantitative Methods 

The 1995 Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia was promulgated with the assumption that the formation of a federal union in Ethiopia would not only enhance the celebration of self-rule and shared-rule, but also rekindle ethnic autonomy, diversity, and inclusion, and serve as a framework for resolving ethnic conflict. Nonetheless, due to the lack of the implementation of effective diversity and inclusion awareness programs that could have encouraged open communication and interpersonal dialogue to build mutual respect, it is heart-breaking to see that currently Ethiopia is embroiled in deep inter-ethnic skirmishes. Put simply, ethnic animosity in Ethiopia has not drastically altered social structures and disrupted livelihoods, but it has destroyed employment opportunities throughout the country.

Egypt’s sham diplomacy and the politics of Nile to undermine Ethiopia’s legitimacy to its own water
Ethioobserver Editorial

Ethiopia’s use of the Blue Nile is also in line with the UN convection of equitable and sustainable utilization of the country’s resources within its own territory as an attribute to its sovereign right. The right of Ethiopia to utilize its water resources remains valid and firmly committed to a peaceful and win-win situation for the common good of its people and neighboring countries. No one has to offer this legitimate right from external bodies in the internal affairs of Ethiopia. Tony Allan, a leading scholar and scientist on the water issue in general and the Nile in particular, pointed out the injustice in the Egyptian position and calls the plan of Egypt as preposterous and, a national fantasy. The Nile basin harmonious peace initiative should be at the center of US Foreign policy. Ethiopia should prepare to defend all pressures to protect its strong position of using fair and equitable utilization of Nile. The Ethiopian government should not succumb an inch to any external pressure and, it is time that we speak with one voice to reject Egypt’s inflexible position.


February 26, 2020 Dejen Yemane Messele

Ethiopia should attempt to distance itself from the observers-turned-negotiators in order to reach at an agreement on the first filling and annual operation of the dam. Ethiopia should make it clear that any volumetric indication in the filing and operation of the GERD would cause instability among the 11 riparian countries which could escalate into a threat to regional peace and security. Negotiations between the three countries should instead focus on reaching an agreement only on the first filling and annual operation of the dam. This task can smoothly be done by the three countries if Egypt drops its implicit intention of signing a mandatory water allocation treaty.

Why technical discussions are needed for the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam
June 8, 2016

The GERD can be operated to cause relatively little harm to Egypt and Sudan during normal hydrological conditions. But this is not a reason for complacency. During filling and times of drought, the level of the Aswan High Dam reservoir will fall. It may reach levels at which Egypt will have to reduce its releases downstream. Certainly hydropower generation from the Aswan High Dam will be reduced. Perceptions of fairness and trust matter in such negotiations, and they need to be carefully cultivated before crises arrive. Policymakers in Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia have not yet adequately explained to civil society in their countries the inter-related factors that will affect water availability throughout the basin. 

124th Anniversary of the Ethiopian Victory at Adwa: some misconceptions that should be rectified

Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD                                   February 28, 2020  


Adwa is a constant reminder of the resounding victory of Ethiopians over the invading forces of Italy, but it is not only a remarkable milestone in Ethiopian history and an historic dignity and pride of Ethiopians, but also a great inspiration and an awakening spirit to all African colonized nations and the Black Diaspora as well. In just four years after the victory of Adwa, the pan-African movement had begun in earnest. In point of fact, Henry Sylvester Williams, a Trinidadian barrister, called upon the first pan-African conference in 1900 in London. He was assisted by two other brilliant pan-Africanists, George Padmore and CLR James, who were very influential in the pan-African agenda that was aimed at liberating the whole African continent.  

  The Tragedy of Modern Ethiopian History and the Challenges to its Political Economy

Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD                                      February 20, 2020

Ethiopia is a great nation with a spectacular and magnificent civilization of antiquity, and material as well as spiritual florescence of the medieval to the early 17th century period, but its modern history is bedeviled and infested by numerous enigmatic causes that led to the country’s disaster failures, including countering the modicum but meaningful development strategies that Ethiopia had initiated in its most recent history. This article intends to expose and uncover the plethora of actors’ (domestic and foreign), policies and political economy agendas.

 የፌደራል ሃይሎች የኣሰላለፍ ኣቅጣጫና ሚዛን


Tecola W Hagos, 15 February 2020
Negotiate from Strength and Full Disclosure

Since Ethiopia has territorial sovereign ownership of all resources including rivers and lakes within its territory, any negotiation with other nations on Ethiopia’s sovereign owned resources is not for sovereignty but on the use and sharing of resources. Thus, Ethiopia has international law/customary norms backing its inviolable sovereign rights within its Ethiopian Territory and derivative rights elsewhere in the World.
Informing the people of Ethiopia, the detail of the negotiation on the waters of the Blue Nile and the GERD, on a regular timely fashion, is a must. A well-informed Ethiopian public is one great source of power and strength during negotiations. 

Making Democratic Socialism Relatable
Dr. Yossef Ben-Meir

The phrase “Democratic Socialism” continues to find its way into current national and political discourse of the United States. Vermont Senator and Presidential candidate Bernie Sanders embraces the term, while his opponents, both from within his own party as well as on the Republican aisle, using its label as a bit of an albatross. Mr. Sanders’ own description of the philosophical, theoretical, and pragmatic applications of Democratic Socialism have yet to lay the weaponizing of this concept to rest. In his emphasis on the universality of rights, be they environmental, economic, health-related, educative, or concerning human dignity, he leaves out the primary distinction of Democratic Socialism. If properly conveyed, he could directly appeal to even its most vehement opponents at present

As the Risk of a ‘Water War’ Fades, Is It Too Late to Save the Nile?
Peter Schwartzstein | Tuesday, Feb. 4, 2020

Worse yet, perhaps, are the political ramifications of the Nile’s struggles, which are unleashing forces the region might ultimately struggle to contain. Egypt has reinforced its navy with amphibious assault ships—in large part, it seems, to send a thinly veiled threat to Ethiopia about the potential consequences of proceeding unilaterally with filling the GERD. Ethiopia, landlocked since Eritrea seceded from it in the early 1990s, recently announced its intention to rebuild its navy, using neighboring Djibouti as its outlet to the sea. Throughout the Nile basin, the dam dispute’s key protagonists have engaged in a fierce, years-long battle to advance their positions and outmaneuver their adversaries. 

United States, the World Bank reportedly threatening Ethiopia over dam talk
The United States and The World reportedly standing in guard of Egyptian interest. Their proposals in the negotiation in Washington said to be one that affects the interest of Ethiopia. borkena January 30, 2020

Wazema Radio cited insider information to report those Ethiopian negotiators experienced pressure and threat to sign the document. The observers (US Department of Treasury and The World Bank), and Egyptians negotiators reportedly warned Ethiopian negotiators that there would be a consequence to Ethiopia if it fails to sign the agreement based on their proposal.
There appear to be diverging views among Ethiopian negotiators. Some want to return to Ethiopia before signing the document. Those who favor it argue that it is against international law to sign it under pressure and need to have extensive consultation back in Ethiopia.

War Clouds Gather…’* Over the Nile 
By Challa Gudina

"War clouds gather as nations demand a piece of the Nile" is how the UK based Times-online has titled a recent article on the Nile issue. For several generations now, Egypt has been engaged on saber rattling and using various tactics to bully and control the waters of the Nile. It has been waving an old and moth bitten rag of a Colonial treaty paper giving it veto power on the River by Great Britain. The fact of the matter is that the Nile River, 85% of which come from Ethiopia, never belonged to Britain, and therefore, Britain had no right to give it away in the first place.

Tigray Cultural Renaissance in the Midst of Ethiopian Crisis
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD 
January 20, 2020 IDEA Celebrates Martin Luther King, Jr. Day

I always have maintained that Tigray is not only an integral part of Ethiopia but it is also its most crucial embodiment, and to my gratification, the present Tigray Government leadership, instead of demanding secession from the Ethiopian body politic, has on the contrary, came up with a viable strategy to preserve the Ethiopian constitution and the federal structure in cooperation and collaboration with the thirty-four other Ethiopian federalist forces that have now established one unified organization. 

Truth Will Prevail, So Will Tigray
By Girmay Berhe

I was prompted to write this piece because of the way the current Ethiopian Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed, has been treating Tigray since he came to power almost two years ago. Although he made a complimentary speech about Tigray when he visited Tigray soon after he became the Prime Minister, his words and actions after that speech have been outright bellicose. In his successive speeches, he insulted the people of Tigray by referring to them, albeit in a very veiled way, as “daytime hyenas.” He feigned ignorance when thousands of Tigrians were robbed by mobs and even killed; he made sure that most Tigrians in government positions were fired; he chose to do nothing when all roads connecting Tigray with Addis Ababa have been closed for almost as long as he has been in power; and he used state media outlets to air expressly anti-Tigrean documentaries aimed at inciting genocide against Tigrians. And now his last – and probably the most fatal – move is cleansing all federal offices of anybody Tigrean.

Prosperity Party and the New Emerging Political Thinking on Ethnic Identity and Nation Building in Ethiopia 
By: Dr. Teshome Adugna 

In Ethiopia also for the first time the political party was established after the failure of the Monarchy government. Since early 1970s different national and regional ethnic political parties were formed to realize their political and economic goals. The first legal act which guaranteed Ethiopian citizens the right to take part in political activities and to organize political parties was issued by the 1991 Transitional Charter of the then Transitional Government of Ethiopia (TGE)
There is great different in political thinking on nation building and nationality across the major political parties and regimes. Monarchy government focus only on nation building than ethnic identity right, EPRDF emphasis on the national oppression thesis and OLF stress on colonization of nation. Such deep and diverse political differences between political parties and regimes has hindered the effective contribution of ethnic identity and nation building in peace and stability. 

Alon Ben-Meir - January 14, 2020
Stepping Back From the Brink of War

Trump’s order to kill General Soleimani is one of the most reckless acts taken by a president, who once again has put his personal political interest above the nation’s security. Certainly, Soleimani deserved to meet his bitter fate. He was behind the killing of hundreds of American soldiers in Iraq while threatening and acting against American allies. However, killing him without considering the potentially dire regional repercussions and without a strategy, under the guise of national security concerns, is hard to fathom.

The Establishment of the Federalist Democratic Forum: Beyond the Unitary Geographic Federation and the Defeatist Secessionist Strategy Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD January 2, 2020 
While the Government of Abiy Ahmed took constructive initiatives but contradicted itself by conducting bizarre actions, as noted above, it is its latter overall operations that made the Ethiopian people suspicious of the behavior of the Government, and this unique phenomenon inadvertently compelled the federalist forces to come together and hold two successful conferences at Mekelle that consequently resulted in the formation of the Forum. Now, it looks a centrifugal group rallied around the PP and a centripetal force organized under the umbrella of the Forum will decide the fate of Ethiopia in terms of either leading toward a unitary state or maintaining and preserving the already established federal structure and the existing constitution. 

Alon Ben-Meir - December 19, 2019
2020 Will Be More Turbulent Than 2019, Unless

Unless some drastic measures are taken, the various conflicts in the Middle East will become ever more intractable and exact a horrifying toll in blood and massive economic dislocation. The continuing severity of these crises and their repercussions will depend on whether or not the combatants assume a realistic posture, or new leadership rise and commit to finding equitable solutions that can endure. We must keep in mind though that the turmoil we experienced in 2019 may further intensify in 2020 because of the continuing global crisis of leadership and the challenges posed to the global order that was established in the wake of World War II. The following brief review of seven Mideast conflicts reflects these developments and raises the question as to what must be done to change the dynamics in the hope of solving some of these conflicts.

Youth Entrepreneurship in Community
by Dr. Yossef Ben-Meir
Marrakech, Morocco 

Moroccan youth today, whether urban or rural based, face enormous obstacles in achieving their self-development and in creating the improvements they seek for their families, communities, country, and even for the world. As they know all too well, they are confronted with the statistical reality which confirms the more educational credits they have, the more their income expectation is proportionately diminished. The higher the level of education results in fewer employment options available for them to consider. The backdrop of having little faith in the social system, its sense of fair play, clouds the real freedom available to join cooperatives, to form businesses their aspirations mirror, and to envision more rewarding accomplishments.

IDEA Warning to the PM Abiy Ahmed-Led Ethiopian Government 
IDEA Editorial December 17, 2019 

The Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) has serious concerns about the complicated and incredibly dangerous political landscape that currently prevails in Ethiopia; hence this warning to the present governing elite of the country. It is for the sake of the Ethiopian people and the wish of stability and progress in Ethiopia that we at IDEA came up with a caveat so that wrong policies and political programs are redeemed before the country plunges into the abyss. The enumeration format below is deliberately wrought to attract the eyes and perceptive minds of Ethiopians and the powers-that-be: 

እንደርታ ያለምንም የአቋም ለውጥ ለረዥም ዓመታት የህወሓት ተቃዋሚ የሆነችው የትግራይዋ አልባንያ

ይደርስብናል የሚሉትን ኢፍትሀዊነት አምርረው በመቃወማቸው፣ በደል የሚሸከም ጫንቃ የለንም በማለታቸው

BBC Amharic : የትግራይዋን አልባንያበደቡባዊ አውሮፓ ባልካን በሚባለው አካባቢ በስተምዕራብ ከምትገኘው አልባንያ ጋር የሚያመሳስላት አንዳች ነገር የለም።

Sink or swim: unlocking the Nile impasse
December 8, 2019by Mahemud Tekuya

Since the obligation imposed in both the Amharic and English versions of the 1902 Anglo-Ethiopian Treaty does not prohibit Ethiopia from equitably using the Nile waters, even without the consent of Great Britain (now Sudan), and since the other Nile Water Treaties have no legal relevance to Ethiopia as it was neither signatory nor acceded to them, all of the grounds support Ethiopia. Therefore, it is very likely that the ICJ will abrogate the Nile Water Treaties, and rule for the equitable allocation of Nile waters.
For centuries, Ethiopia, Sudan, and Egypt have been battling over the Nile, and now with the ever-increasing tension over the GERD, the three countries are disputing over the validity of the Nile Water Treaties. Resolving the disputes is possible, but only if Sudan and Egypt accede into the CFA or the three countries take the case to ICJ.

TPLF’s last man standing

November 30, 2019by Ermias Amare

The power-hungry category primarily comprises Mekelle University academics and ethno-nationalists whose interests are for Debretsion to maintain hostile relations with the central government as well as with his constituents, leaving his leadership economically and politically hollow, and creating an opportunity to eventually usurp power. Those that fall into this category have strategically gained the support of the masses in Tigray by sensationalizing issues and spreading nationalism.

This group is critical of TPLF and its administration of Tigray in the past 28 years, pointing to widespread nepotism and cronyism, and the abandonment of the Tigrayan masses. They use fear tactics by centering discourse on the violent events of the past few years, despite discontent and unrest occurring nationwide. More reading ...... https://www.ethiopia-insight.com/2019/11/30/tplfs-last-man-standing/

Abiy Ahmed fanning instability in Somalia, S. Sudan: UN reports



Just months after winning the Nobel Peace Prize, Ethiopia’s reformist Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is fighting accusations of his interfering with the affairs of neighboring countries.

In November, two United Nations reports accused him of being lukewarm in South Sudan peace process and fueling fires of instability in Somalia; two of the countries he has been closely involved in as the chairman of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development.

In South Sudan, where Igad midwife a revitalized peace agreement in September last year, Abiy’s government, Uganda and Kenya were accused of being inconsistent in ensuring the deal is implemented. More Reading...



Characterizing Neoliberalism:
A Bird’s Eye View on Ethiopia’s Predicaments

Mogos Abraham, PhD Dec3, 2019
Centre for Middle Eastern Studies
Where is Ethiopia now? All nationalist intellectuals and politicians have obligations to free their motherland from the current tragic circumstances. Ethiopia’s social, economic, and political sovereignty must be respected and protected. Genuine sustainable development (GSD) must be fostered. I define GSD as improvements in human wellbeing in an inclusive, just, and safe operating space.

Unitary Elite Politics Vs Grassroots Federalist Forces in Ethiopia 
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD November 26, 2019 

This article intends to critically examine the present Ethiopian politics of transition from group federalist identity politics in the context of self-determination of Ethiopian nationalities to the newly inducted individual citizen identity that is geared to supersede the former. First, however, I like to clarify the two concepts of ‘elite’ and ‘grassroots’ in order to avoid misconceptions. As I use them in this text, the term ‘elite’ does not refer to the most wealthy and most powerful group who enjoy a distinct privilege in a society (e.g. the United States); it refers rather to a group in a given society (e.g. Ethiopia) that is seemingly superior in its social status and overall knowledge vis-à-vis other groups in the larger society. 

Transforming Ethiopia’s Developmental State Model for Future Dynamism: A BOOK SUMMARY 
In the book published by the Lambert Academic Publishing in October 2019, Professor Asayehgn Desta argues that in 2005, Ethiopia adopted and thrived by adjusting the East Asian State-Led Developmental state model to reflect its own historical conditions, enhance economic growth and wipe out poverty. After applying the developmental State Model from 2005 to 2015, Ethiopia remained a compelling example of how an African country can achieve steady, state-directed economic growth, social transformation, and infrastructural investments, by providing easy access to primary and preventative healthcare, reducing social inequality, and mobilizing peasant farmers. 
However, Desta points out that due to administrative obsolescence, dysfunctional appointment of bureaucrats, political upheaval, ethnic strife, weak macroeconomic management, Ethiopia’s Developmental State Model has been breaking down. Currently, Ethiopia is on the verge of slipping backward into economic decline, facing poverty, inflation, unemployment, heavy external debt, and a rise in ethnic conflicts. 

If the recent wide-scale economic and political crisis is not addressed immediately, professor Desta highlights that Ethiopia’s legitimacy could be disrupted. Therefore, as other developmental states have done, Professor Desta’s book focuses on structural changes of the needs to form a hybrid paradigm, in which some developmental practices coexist with the surrender of powers to local authorities and the prevalence of privatization policies to harness a free market operation. In the revitalization of its Developmental State Model, Professor Desta’s book strongly suggests that Ethiopia needs to restructure its form of federalism and practice transparent democracy, with adequate checks and balances to empower local citizens.

Ethiopian Election Dilemma: Damned If You Do, Damned If You Don't
By Dilbato Degoye Waqo 07/11/2019 

In such societies, economic democracy, i.e. addressing first and foremost the pressing issues of substantive democracy, cohesive unity and social justice are more important than electoral democracy and multi-party pluralism. 
Democracy is said to emerge successfully only as a capstone to other social and economic achievements such as the existence of: a well-informed and literate citizenry; an educated and robust middle class; a critical mass of democrats; a far-sighted, innovative, transformational, and enlightened political leadership of utmost integrity; 

Yohannes Aberra, PhD 10-27-19
The hot taxonomy in the current Ethiopian politics is standing for and against the merger of the Front of the four independent parties (EPRDF) and other five associated with them. The enthusiasts of merger are apparently led by the PM and those against merger are allegedly led by TPLF.
In Ethiopia, nowadays, no one is allowed to make sense on its own without being branded as an echo of one political side or the other. It has become most convenient for half-baked politicians in Ethiopia, who have filled the political atmosphere, to blame the TPLF for every falling leaf instead of engaging in mature and impartial political analysis. They don’t want to toil in such political analysis because they know what their fans would love to hear from them:

Global Water Security

ICA 2012-08, 2 February 2012This is an IC-coordinated paper.
A. We assess that during the next 10 years, water problems will contribute to instability in
states important to US national security interests. Water shortages, poor water quality,
and floods by themselves are unlikely to result in state failure. However, water problems—
when combined with poverty, social tensions,environmental degradation, ineffectual
leadership, and weak political institutions contribute to social disruptions that can result
in state failure.

‘ህዝቤ ሆይ - የት አሇህ?’
ፀጋዝአብ ሇምሇም ተስፋይ (ሸክም የበዛበት ትውሌዴ፡2009 እና የምሥራቃዊት ኮከብ፡ 2010 መጻሕፍት አዘጋጅ

  Seattle Parks and RecreationLooking for funding for community

Programs? The Seattle Parks District has funding programs for

Community activities! Funding priority populations, including people of color, immigrants and refugees and the LGBTQ community.

 Looking for Funding for your community programs The Seattle Park District has three great funding programs for community activities

Ethiopia: From Pre-Election Euphoria to Post-Election Stress Disorder [PESD]? 
By Tesfaye Habisso December 26, 2005

The third national elections that took place on May 15,2005 represents a landmark in the history of our young and fragile democracy. Nothing of that sort has ever happened before. This election will always be remembered, for good or bad, by the people of Ethiopia for many decades to come. 
Today, several months after a period of alternating euphoria and gloom regarding this much-talked about national elections we are still waiting for the dust to settle. Many families still feel aggrieved and resentful, and are in a complete daze and shock, gripped by fear and grief, and in a confused state, not sure of what the future holds for them. As repercussions of the post-election crisis continue to reverberate through most of the country, I am afraid, it will take us some time before the case is satisfactorily resolved by the state and the wounds suffered by the nation effectively healed. 

Is Ethiopia Heading Toward a One Man-Show Politics or One Party Dictatorship? Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD 
September 22, 2019 

Contrary to the promises of the PM and bright hope of Ethiopians, however, in no time and under the watchful eyes of the present government, Ethiopia encountered political mess and instability unparalleled in its modern history. Millions of Ethiopians were displaced from their turf, hundreds upon hundreds killed and their property looted and burned down. The political discomfort and chaos that Ethiopians have encountered now is a result of EPRDF’s nature and characteristics that effectively muzzled democracy, although the EPRDF also scored major success in foundational economy and maintaining peace and order for two and half decades; Abiy and his regime are byproducts of the EPRDF and could not be solely blamed for all Ethiopia’s problems, but they will shoulder a big chunk for the cause of the political mess.

Editorial note about about the  Open Letter to Ethiopians and to the International Community RE: Communiqué of “Concerned Ethiopians” 

Over a year Ethiopia was blanketed by a wave of euphoria that was characterized by a sense of hope and sadness. Hopes were high and the most ambitious objectives of forgiveness and medemer of goals seemed attainable. The Ethiopian people’s active mass unrest and resistance, the EPRDF led coalition was forced to accept some major political reforms, in March 2018 when Dr. Abiy Ahmad became the chairman of the party. Mobilized by the reform demonstrated in the process is; however, dominated and arrested by internal limitations, antagonistic political interests, and regional contenders. Widening political differences between Federalists those who support the existing Ethiopian Constitution and Federal system in one hand; and Unionists who oppose Federalism and the existing Constitution on the other hand, is among other antagonisms getting at the bottom of the Ethiopian politics now and in the very near future of the country. We concerned Diaspora Tigreans have witnessed two communiqués issued one by the Federalist and another Unionist. In support of the communiqué delivered by our Oromo Ethiopian brothers and sisters, we are posting both the pro and anti-federalism thesis for readers to compare and make a good judgment for the betterment of the Ethiopia people. We strongly object the objectives of the Amhara political elite communiqué’s narration and intensions that fuels for further escalation.                                            Open Letter to Ethiopians and to the International Community RE: Communiqué of “Concerned Ethiopians” Issued on July 19, 2019 July 28, 2019 On July 19, 2019, 145 individuals who called themselves “Concerned Ethiopians”, mostly who hail from Amhara ethnic group, issued an alarmist communiqué titled, “Communique Urging Prevention of Genocide and Balkanization of Ethiopia. We, the undersigned individuals and national/ethnic based nonprofit and community organizations representing our members, found this Communiqué to be extremely disingenuous, doom-laden and reflecting a one-sided political narrative that does not represent the view of the vast majority of the peoples of Ethiopia. And hence this response.

  ሀዚውን ናይ ትግራይ ደሕንነት ካብ ናይ ኢትዮጵያ ደሕንነት ተፈሊዩ ዝረአ ኣይኮነን፣

The Significance and Preeminence of Ethiopian Unity: Systems and Institutions that Glued and Bonded Ethiopian Communities 
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD August 23, 2019 
One important lesson that we Ethiopians get from Ezana is not only his sense of justice, but the fact that he had a universal idea of governance and nationhood; he saw himself not only king of Aksum but of all peoples under his dominion, irrespective of the languages they spoke and the customs they followed and practiced. King Ezana (320-360 CE) considered himself as king of Aksum, Saba, Salhen, Himyar, Dhu-Raydan, Kassu, and Kush. The universal attitude and ideology, as we shall discuss in the last part of this paper, is one important mechanism to overcome the current narrow and enclave ethnic politics in Ethiopia.   

Freedom for all Tigrayan Freedom Fighters: Time for Abiy Ahmed Ali to Repent and Apologize
Mogos Abraham, PhD Center for Middle Eastern Studies
21 Aug. 2019

I was dumfounded to listen and watch news via multiple media outlets telling the world that Abiy Ahmed Ali (hereafter Ali, using his last name) has placed more than 1,500 Tigrayan freedom fighters and hardworking business persons (Tigrayan) in political-prison dungeons, unknown-underground political prisons. It must be noted that all these Tigrayan are embodiments of Woyane, the revolutionary struggle for freedom. The illegal actions were taken against the freedom fighters for no other reason than for being Tigrayan freedom fighters. Even if there were any allegations against them, they were legally entitled to be innocent and free until proven guilty, i.e., 

Ethiopia’s Developmental State Model: A Reflection on Francis Fukuyama’s Article Asayehgn Desta, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Economic Development, 
Dominican University of California 

According to Fukuyama, some of the vital factors that have contributed to the “ups and downs” and impeded Ethiopia’s Developmental State Model arose from: 1) Lack of privately owned enterprises, 2) inadequate recruitment and promotion of Ethiopian bureaucrats, 3) imperfect valuation of the internal rate of return (IRR) and the externalities impact of the Chinese mega projects in Ethiopia, 4) imperfect access of Ethiopia’s exports to Western markets, and 5) lack of a unifying national identity.Using the above-stated framework, Professor Fukuyama (June 11, 2019) concludes that Ethiopia’s Developmental State Model would have achieved a sustained pathway of economic and social development, provided the ruling party, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDP):

IDEA Hails the Ethiopian Green Fingerprints but has concerns on the Looming Famine

IDEA Editorial                                              July 28, 2019

July 29, 2019 (ሐምሌ ፪፪ ፪ሺ፩፩) will mark a special place in Ethiopian history; throughout Ethiopia, Ethiopians will place their fingerprints on their respective locales by planting trees. The concept and practice of the metaphoric “fingerprints” was first initiated by the late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi when he put the cornerstone for the construction of the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) and said, “All Ethiopians must put their fingerprints in the construction of the Dam.” Ever since, “fingerprints” has become a buzzword for any initiative and/or development projects in Ethiopia.  


The Sidama People’s Self-Determination vis-à-vis the Ethiopian Constitution

Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD                                      July 18, 2019

The Sidama people constitute a zone within the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Regional State (SNNRPS), and they have sought and demanded a separate regional state, and their demand has been approved by the Southern Ethiopian People’s Democratic Movement (SEPDM), one of the four parities in the EPRDF (governing party) coalition.  

Our Dilemma as Tigreans and which way forward
Ethiopian Observer Editorial

History repeats itself first as tragedy and second as farce in connection to the Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte as written by Marx. We should not let the forces of destruction to repeat their warmongering to their historical instincts. More importantly, silence in the face of this brewing storm is consequentially tragic. We have a special responsibility to acknowledge our dilemma as Tigreans in order to move the debate forward of our future as a people. Ethiopia is a country based on the free will of its citizens comprising of different respectful and mosaic of ethnicities in union. If the Ethiopia of today does not respect the culture, language and rights of its people, then it is no use to act more Ethiopian than others are. Respect rather than war mongering and ethnic smear, unity rather than divisiveness, peace rather than clan/tribal conflicts, development rather than regression and democracy rather than one man rule, should be the main aspiration of all. However, if push comes to shove, there should be an exit strategy in a family of nations and nationalities as empowered by the Constitution. No one should be considered as a second citizen and no one could stand anymore.

Rotten and Fractured Beyond Repair, EPRDF no More: Emergency Exit for TPLF, Now! Part II
Mogos Abraham, PhD Center for Middle Eastern Studies

Ethnocentrism, which can be defined as wild arrogance and uncivilized behavior, is judging another culture solely by the values and standards of one's own culture. Ethnocentric individuals judge other groups, nations, nationalities, and peoples relative to their own culture and history. Consequences of ethnocentrism are disastrous. Read for example, the manifesto of the National Movement of Amhara (NaMA), which was founded on 10 June 2018 in Bahir-Dar, the capital city of the Amhara Regional State. NaMA is an extremely dangerous organization. It disparages (demeans) TPLF’s contributions to Ethiopia’s modernization. It harbors a wild wish to eliminate TPLF. It does not recognize EPRDF as a legitimate government; and it has declared ADP as an agent of TPLF.

A brief account of criminal acts during the funeral of the two generals in Mekelle, Ethiopia:

Aregawi Berhe (PhD)

After General Seare Mekonnen, the Chief of Staff of the Ethiopian armed forces and his colleague Major General Gezae Abera were murdered in the home of the former by his own body guard in an attempted coup d’état on 15 June 2019, four days later a funeral was arranged on 19 June 2019 at the city of Mekelle, the capital of Tigray.

Abiy Ahmed’s Reforms Have Unleashed Forces He Can No Longer Control
Ethiopia’s prime minister oversaw the chaotic release of thousands of prisoners, including many ethnonationalist militants. His amnesty may now be coming back to haunt him.
BY NIZAR MANEK | JULY 4, 2019, 11:13 AM

Hours after the Bahir Dar killings, in Addis Ababa, a bodyguard shot the chief of staff of the ENDF, Gen. Seare Mekonnen, and a retired major general, Gezae Abera. Whether the guard, Corporal Mesafint Tigabu, acted on instructions or on his own remains a mystery, as does the extent and coherence of operational planning on the part of Asaminew and his alleged accomplices in the killings earlier in the evening.
Asaminew may have acted without careful planning. Days before June 22, internal evaluation proceedings known as gimgema befell Asaminew, insiders reported, with a plan to relieve him as head of Amhara state’s administration and security bureau. The ADP has released an alleged June 22 audio recording of Asaminew outlining “measures taken against ADP leaders because they have sabotaged the people’s demands.”

Sinkhole Politics Ethiopian Style: The Breakdown of Law and Order and the Assassination of General Seare Mekonnen, Major General Gezae Aberra and Dr. Ambachew Mekonnen
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD June 27, 2019
In concluding this essay, I like to underscore that the Abiy Government must now shoulder a huge responsibility to calm the Ethiopian nation-state and bring solace to the family of the victims. Additionally, the Ethiopian Government must now seize the moment in rendering justice and bringing the criminals before the court of law; arresting people en mass is not going to be a solution to the current complicated problem, and the Government must not act alone in the decision making process; as a matter of course, it should operate hand-in-glove with the Ethiopian parliament. I am of the opinion that a joint session of the House of Peoples’ representatives and House of Federation should be held to investigate the Bahir Dar and Addis Ababa tragic incidents;

ትግራይን መገንጠል ያስፈልጋል?

ናይ ሓዘንን ቅዋምን መግለጺ


Tecola W Hagos, 4 July 2019 
Dedicated to the Memories of all Ethiopians brutally murdered and in Acknowledgment of those who were violently ejected from their homes and farms for political reasons
in the 2018 – 2019 shameful Period in our recent history. I still believe in the long run the Amhara people with the right leader are the people who will preserve Ethiopia if they get the wisdom to work with the Tigrai people and the possible new leaders of TPLF rather  than fight over some local territories of Wolkiet and Raya. I am not against restructuring administrative territories on non-ethnic or language basis as long as it is done to promote unity and efficiency, and manageability. I am totally against the Kilil system left for us to fight over by that traitor monster Meles Zenawi. I am for throwing out the Kilil administrative structure and replace it either with the old Teklai Gizate system or adopt locally structured Woreda system with no ethnic base for political or economic power. You have no idea how much I despise that vicious little man whose ideas are destroying us now beyond his grave. He should have been buried in the volcanic lava lake in Afar, Dalol, rather than among the tombs of Ethiopian great patriots.

The Rule-of-Law, Not Tyranny of Size 
Mogos Abraham, PhD 
Center for Middle Eastern Development Studies 
22 June 2019: the Martyrs Day! 
Supremacy of the Rule-of-Law 

In brief, supremacy of law means the law of the land is sacrosanct (sacred), which sanctions activities and social behaviors of every citizen. No person is above The Rule of Law[i] of the land. Rule of law and sustainable development are strongly interrelated and mutually reinforcing. Advancement of The Rule of Law at the regional, national, and international levels is a precondition for an effective governance system (EGS), which is characterized by the principles of: strong nationalism, personal and professional integrity, primacy of The Rule of Law, accountability, transparency, equity, collective voice of all stakeholders (the citizens), and much more.

Ethiopia PM Abiy Ahmed weeps for general killed in 'coup bid'
Gen Seare Mekonnen was reportedly assassinated by his bodyguard as part of a plot to seize power in the northern region of Amhara.Officials say the bodyguard is being treated for his injuries, contradicting an earlier claim that he was dead.
The alleged ringleader of the coup was shot dead on Monday, police ssaminew Tsige was reportedly killed as he tried to escape from his hideout in Amhara's capital, Bahir Dar.
The internet has been shut across Ethiopia, after a brief resumption in service that followed an unexplained blackout lasting more than a week.

Ethiopia’s coup attempt spells disaster for its democratic transition
By Abdi Latif Dahir June 24, 2019

e biggest obstacle to Ethiopia’s transition to democracy came knocking this weekend.
In what officials described as a coup attempt, the governor of the northern Amhara region Ambachew Mekonnen along with advisor Ezez Wassie were killed. The regional attorney general Migbaru Kebede also sustained heavy injuries and was undergoing medical treatment. The country’s chief of staff Seare Mekonnen was also killed by his bodyguard in his residence in Addis Ababa along with major general Gezai Abera. By Sunday morning, the government said arrests had been made and the situation was under control. The internet was also blocked across the Horn of Africa nation.

From Meles’ ‘Dead End’ to Abiy’s ‘New Horizon’
June 10, 2019by William Davison Ethiopia Insight

Few contest that the Meles model was defective and ran into severe difficulties. However, ultimately, Ethiopia is one of the world’s poorest countries and afflicted by intense political, demographic, and environmental pressures. To prioritize its stability and development, foreign partners could back debt relief, not austerity. “There’s a question of whether the international community has fully appreciated the nature of the challenge. Ethiopia needs an infusion of cash on a scale that no-one is willing to contemplate yet,” says a diplomat worried about a Yugoslav-style fragmentation of a fractious multinational federation facing surging ethno-nationalism. Concurrent political and economic liberalization contributed to the collapse of the Soviet Union, while Yugoslavia’s disastrous fragmentation was preceded by serious economic problems.

The Federalist and Unitary Systems in Comparative Perspective and in the Ethiopian Context Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD 
June 7, 2019“The 21st century might be destined to be federalism’s secolo d’oro, its gilded age, the finest hour.” Michael A. Pagano
In light of the success stories championed and implemented by the many federal systems around the world, and also in relation to Ethiopia’s relative advancement in a span of two and half decades, it is imperative that Ethiopian politicians, elites, intellectuals, and civic leaders (including religious and business leaders) strive for the continuation of the federal system, and reform it if necessary, via dialogue and all-Ethiopia conference. Ethiopians must understand that it is much easier to build on what already exists than demolish present institutions and start from scratch. As Michael Burgess convincingly argues, “In the making of federations political elites must work with the grain. They have to work with materials that they have at hand. Federation is appropriate only at certain times and in certain circumstances. 

Professor Asmerom Legesse’s A historical Analysis and Psychological Profile of Emperor Yohannes IV  
Professor Desta, Asayehgn 

To conclude, instead of voluntarily undergoing oppression and conducting a historical and unscientifically research, if mental sound and age does not catch up,  it is high time that Asmerom goes back to apply the hallmarks of scientific investigation techniques in conjunction with intellectual ethical standard to thoroughly investigate the reasons why Eritreans are forced to live  “ …behind one of the world’s fastest-emptying nations: a country of about 4.5 million on the Horn of Africa, governed by a secretive dictatorship accused of human-rights violations,” (Matina Stevis and Joe Parkinson, Feb. 2, 2016).  To reiterate, rather than being the defender for an autocrat, let us hope that Asmerom wakes up one day and makes concerted efforts to rescue the subdued Eritrean masses.

Companion to and Explanatory Notes on the Degiat Subagadis Article

Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD                                                  May 25, 2019

The purpose of this essay is to clarify and counter the misunderstandings and misinterpretations of my article entitled “Dejazmach Subagadis Woldu: Governor of Tigray and Prince of Ethiopia”. First and foremost, however, I like to make my position clear on some relatively sensitive issues such as the identity of personalities that the article apparently stirred controversy; secondly, I found it important that explanatory notes are necessary in order to combat the misguided and cynical readers’ viewpoints, who without reading the entire article entertained vitriolic language and curses, and in order to make this essay much more educational, I will first address the positive reactions by some of my readers by way of extending my gratitude to them, and then respond to the negative reactions.

Detained Tigrayan youth land blow on TPLF
May 15, 2019by Getachew Gebrekiros Temare

Activists are challenging the ruling party by encouraging citizens to demand their rights
State ownership of land has led to the relocation of hundreds of thousands of Ethiopians in recent decades to make way for investments, profiting foreign and local firms at the expense of farmers
igray has felt the pain of land grabbing for a long time. The outskirts of towns such as Mekele, Shire, Humera, and Maichew have experienced it in the name of ‘development’ that benefits only the few. The recent cause of fury in the Enderta district around Mekele is mostly maladministration and corruption.
Victims have been asking the regional administration to give due compensation for snatched land. But, no one in authority is willing to listen to their grievances. As a result, the youths from Enderta woreda started protesting against Tigray’s government—and have suffered for it.

The last death- note (will) of a dying mother It is not late wake-up!
By Aster Tesfay

We have been preached by so-called "intellectuals and progressive" personalities and groups since the sixties particularly after the unexpected coup attempt by General Mengistu Neway/Girmamie Neway and their colleagues. Since then we had thousands of slogans, political proposals, agendas, and different ideological narratives. Some of the narratives ended in bloodshed consuming people who used to be considered as the cream of the society without yielding the desired aim/goal. Today we are at a point where no one is listening to another but to himself even without understanding his own ability leave alone to realize the desire of the people at large who are the pillars of any decision of the future of the nation.

ምክንያታዊት ኢትዮጵያ Rational Ethiopia
ፀጋዝአብ ለምለም ተስፋይ

Dejazmach Subagadis Woldu: Governor of Tigray and Prince of Ethiopia 
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD May 15, 2019

Subagadis and his ancestors, including Dagmawi Seme who later relocated to the Aiga area in Adi Irob, spoke Tigrigna but they also learned how to speak Saho but this does not make them to be Irob. This fact is substantiated by Abba Tesfai Medhin in his book entitled The History of the Irob People, in which he argues that the origin of the Irob is from Tigray proper and more so from the central highlands of Agame; he further argues that the original language of Seme was Tigrigna. Moreover, the Saho language of the Irob is an admixture of Saho and Tigrigna and it is not entirely Saho as is the case in the Saho (Asawrta) of Eritrea.

Rotating the Governance of the Capital City of the Zones in the Regional State of Tigray: Restoring the Promise of Democratic Autonomy 
Desta, Asayehgn, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Economic Development “Proactive planning for the inevitable trend is wisdom of the highest level” (Yohannes Aberra Ayele, (March 27, 2019)

The dramatic expansion of the Mekelle city could be attributed to push and pull factors. Over the years, Mekelle City has been pulling residents from other regions because it has established itself as Ethiopia’s administrative, commercial, industrial, and social services center. In search of higher wages, the unemployed from other parts of the region have been flocking to the City of Mekelle to earn their livelihood. Meanwhile, the dearth of poverty and lack of employment opportunities in other regions has pushed residents of the other regions toward Mekelle City. Thus, Mekelle has earned the title “Killer City,” because it achieved economic acceleration at the expense of its surrounding areas. Mekelle’s disproportionate concentration economic activities have not only perpetuated a sense of maladministration among the Regional State of Tigray, but it also has hindered its economic intercourse with the other regions.

We are all Nebiyou
Ethioobserver staff In honor of Abera Manka

We might not succeed or not, in building a better future, but no one can question the authenticity of our desire, how much we are prepared to sacrifice for the opportunity to gain good governance dignity, and justice as people. A system built on the culture of secrecy, parochialism and nepotism will always breed adverse political consequence and self-interest and consequently final downfall
Intimidated political opponents, silenced the press, and weakened the judiciary. Our Tigrai went through a time of incredible horror which most people appeared to ignore. It is one thing to be aggressive and constrained and it is another to be aggressive and unconstrained. With such harsh police brutality and repressive measures will not keep Enderta youths from rising up against tyranny. It is a notable people’s movement towards justice and democracy. TPLF’s recurrent reform and promise to clean its act from corruption and abuse of power has always been a short lived promise to deceive and at the same time soothe the anger of our people.

Ethiopia’s Economic Miracle Is an Environmental Tragedy

Ethiopia’s rivers and lakes are now drying up at terrifying speed.
By Christelle Gérand
The core problem is Ethiopian-style development, the downside of the economic miracle vaunted by prominent economists. The World Bank praised Ethiopia’s double-digit growth from 2005 to 2015, mostly due to expanding agriculture, construction, and services. Ethiopia, a landlocked state, is doing all it can to attract foreign investors, with water and electricity almost free and rents at 10 percent of market rate, especially in the textile sector. The rural population and the environment are the biggest losers. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, in office since April 2018, symbolically called a halt to the previous government’s system of favoritism. He canceled a number of public contracts awarded to the Metals and Engineering Corporation, a military-run conglomerate of 98 companies, 26 of whose leaders are being prosecuted for corruption.

Asmerom Legesse’s Babbling Stereotype against the People of Tigray
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD April 30, 2019

“It all began in Tigray. Tigray is the cradle and hub of Ethiopian civilization. In Tigray, Ethiopia’s future seems to contend its past while the present testifies cyclical historical events as constant reminders of the distant and near past. In Tigray, the modern period seems to tend the requisite touch of antiquity, as if to deliberately endure uninterrupted Ethiopian state. After all, this quintessentially northern Ethiopian state is the plain field of ancient civilization and unparalleled conventional wisdom, and as custodian to that epic African ingenuity.”3   

Move fast and break things
April 30, 2019by Mistir Sew

few months after Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed assumed office, a BBC journalist asked him “are you the man to unite Ethiopia?” He breezily replied, “of course I am, no doubt about it.”
Subsequently, he injected Ethiopia with hope, and undertook a bold program of renewal. Yet despite his messages of optimism and unity, the country remains divided, maybe even more so, and major challenges remain. Abiy is a leader of multiple characters rather than a steady manager like his predecessor Hailemariam Desalegn. In his inaugural speech he promised to transform governance and transition to genuine democracy. He brought a different flavor to EPRDF Ethiopia where narratives were repeated consistently at every level of the state structure. He spoke differently, he acted differently.

What are our concerns as Tigreans?

Ethioobserver staff Tesfamariam Hishe 
The features of democracy are freedom, dissent, tolerance, justice, due process, and fairness. These features are both moral/ethical and political. In moral/ethical terms, they function as lodestars of action. The citizens in a democratic society are seen as the ultimate source of political authority. Members of the government, by contrast, are seen as servants of the people, and are selected and elected to serve the people’s interests. Democratic systems developed to protect and enhance the freedom of the people. However, for the system to function properly, citizens must engage freely. The peaceful and hard-working people of Enderta are victimized by illegal and drastic demographic massive displacements wherein they are removed by force from their ancestral homes and farmland to be replaced by individuals from other parts of Tigrai often individuals who have some form of blood connections with Sebhat Nega and members of his support-group. 

ናይ ሎምዓንቲ ዉዕሎ ኣብ ገርዓልታ ዘጋጠመ ፀገም አብ  መሪሕነት ሰብ  ሕድሪ፤

The problems Sebhidri encountered at Geraalta are as follows:

On Megabit 22, 2011 (Ethiopian calendar), Sebhidri held a public meeting, and people expressed their thoughts in the meeting. Soon after, the local administrative authorities began attacking the individuals who entertained ideas. At any rate, they observed that intensive campaign is being undertaken by the authorities in order to frighten and subdue the people who attempted to speak out based on their fundamental rights. This is really a gross violation of the constitution, human as well as democratic rights.

ዘተ ሰብ ሕድሪ ኣብ ከተማ ፅጌረዳCourtesy of Sebhidri



Democracy and unity for the interest of our people

Ethioobserver editorial.

For all practical purposes, what Tigrai needs now than ever before is unity, peace, democracy and development. As has been said and preached for decades over and over again, Tigray’s ardent enemy is political intolerance for opposing views, monopoly of power, corruption, nepotism, backward mentality and transparency. TPLF leadership should contribute tangible results, rather than suffocating the nation with fear and luck of accountability according to the needs of the people it serves. What is required for TPLF old guards and their foot soldiers is to undergo soul cleansing from its rigorous mistakes and work for the benefit of the society. TPLF cannot lead for long unless the public is behind it and anger among the population is boiling, which might soon burst out with no turning point. What is at stake at this moment is our own survival as a pride nation and people. We also urge the regional government to set free both those who were currently incarcerated and others so that there we have a regional reconciliation based on solidarity, freedom and interest of our people. 



Tecola W Hagos, 17 April 2019
Recently, Dergeadjen, Quiha; Enderta, Mekelle et cetera are the new flash points of rebellion. Nebiyou Sehulmichaele and Tsigabu Equiba were brutally attacked along several Citizens and were hauled of destination unknown, for trying to clean up the town of Quiha apparently in response to the national call by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed of 12 April 2019. Did Amharas force Debretsion to commit such criminal atrocities against peaceful Citizens violating their constitutional Rights? Tigrai Kilil Administration seems to think that it is an independent governing body of a state/nation. The TPLF Leaders who control the Tigrai Kilil administration must be held accountable for such fracturing of a Nation of Ethiopia. 

እንፈላለጋለን!” ፀጋዝአብ ለምለም ተስፋይ የኢኮኖሚክስ መምህርና ጸሓፊ

Adding Fuel to Fire to an already Chaotic and Slippery Politics: The Case of Nebiyu Suhul Michael & his Friends in Tigray
IDEA Editorial 

However, the violent attack of Nebiyu Suhul Michael and his friends during the all-Ethiopia cleaning campaign day (April 14, 2019) could be a major setback for Tigray in general and the TPLF leadership in particular. The Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) is very much concerned about the use of excessive force and unnecessary violence against unarmed peaceful citizens and would like to convey a piece of advice by way of sending a clear message to the political leadership in Tigray.
The TPLF should encourage opposing ideas and discourses to flourish and not act as impediment to the cornerstones and contributing fabrics in the making of a democratic larger society. A genuine democracy requires free speech, free press, and peaceful demonstration and protestation, which, in turn, serve as solid foundations for a political culture of an open and free political debate. Moreover, the TPLF must shoulder responsibility in guaranteeing freedom to the people of Tigray within its jurisdictional sovereign territory.

The Wave of Protests, Quiha a Symbol of Resistance

Ethiopian observer Editorial

The wave of protests, which swept the Oromia region has also come to epitomize Tigrai. successful protest in Oromia and other regions in Ethiopia come also to roost in Tigrai, where a process of leadership change came by sending a powerful signal of protest, where the TPLF leadership could listen to the maladministration and nepotism, prevailing for so long time. However, the present leadership became instead of gathering the whole populace in Tigrai in this time of disarray and risk of disintegration, it has with its henchmen reacted violently against persons, who used free speech as their legitimate democratic right and freedom. The way this was done can trigger a spiraling violence and suspicion bon how true the leadership stands to the core of the Ethiopian Constitution, though it repeatedly shouts foul against those who are ready to dismantle it. 

The Ethiopia of Briskela, Kidus, Robel, Seinet, et cetera? 

Tecola W Hagos, 13 April 2019

There is not much we can do about our individual origin. We are already dealt our life-cards and must play those life-cards the best we could. The monsters that lead the OLF with its savage armed thugs must be held accountable for the atrocities committed by them against absolutely innocent unarmed citizens of Ethiopia all over Ethiopia except in Tigrai Kilil during the period of the leadership of Abiy Ahmed. There is no question that Abiy Ahmed made serious errors in allowing subversive political groups, such as the OLF into Ethiopia. We hear now the corrosive Jawar Mohammad clawing back from his genocidal rhetoric and instigation of ethnic cleansing to supporting Eskinder Nega. I hope he abandons his hateful anti-Ethiopia diatribe through his OMN.

ሀገርና ትውልድን ከታላቅ ውድቀት የመታደጊያ ማዕቀፍ
Tsegazeab Lemlem

ኢትዮጵያና የሩቅ ምስራቅ እስያ አገሮችን የልማታዊ መንግስት ሞዴል የመከተል ተግዳሮቶች—ታዲያ ምን አማራጭ አላት?
ከድልበቶ ደጎዬ ዋቆ

Should Ethiopia stick with ethnic federalism?
And is the current federal system encouraging ethnic violence?
Goitom Gebreluel by Goitom Gebreluel 

Ethiopia embarked upon a set of political reforms in early 2018 that were greeted with euphoric enthusiasm. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed's new administration initiated political liberalization, releasing political prisoners and inviting exiled opposition groups that had been designated terrorist organizations to return to Ethiopia. The country's second attempt at democratization has however also been accompanied by a surge in political violence (often along ethnic lines), resulting in - among other things - the displacement of nearly three million people. Notable among these are the almost 900,000 Gedeo people who had to flee from their homes in the Guji zone of Oromia state

How did US and Ethiopia become so close?
A high-level US delegation just returned from Ethiopia, which is arguably America's closest ally on the continent of Africa. How did these two countries become so close? Journalist James Jeffrey explains. It's noticeable soon after you land in Washington - the city is full of Ethiopians. Their ubiquitous presence - behind the counter at Starbucks or the wheels of taxis - in the bastion of American government symbolizes the two pillars of this alliance.
The Ethiopian Diaspora across America - the second largest community after Nigerians - has played an enormous role in influencing ongoing political reforms that have rocked Ethiopia since the beginning of 2018.

TPLF ፀገም  ህዝብኻ ምቅላዕ የሽልም እምበር ባንዳ አየብል


We know such ridiculous propaganda and intimidation is an act of desperation, the time has come for real change and we should embrace it, and go along that respects rule of law and practice democracy and accountability. Desperate leaders they intimidate politicians, educators and try to suppress media and arrest individuals with tramped-up charges. People will not rest until they gain freedom.  Although, it is quite difficult to pass judgment on TPLF leadership and their attack dogs to smear individual names who dare to express their concern at this stage, such open interview will help reinforce our national unity and to counter and challenge any divisive Awraja based politics and economic structure headings.  If we believe that genuine dialogue, discourse, discussion, and debate among Tigreans can take place and must be encourage such open interview, it keeps us all to see the beauty, history and greatness of our Tigrai. Above all everything else, Awrjaism, party-politics need to be challenged to their very core. The time has come that freedom is triumphed over dictatorship and people refuse to be intimidated yesterday’s leaders are so paranoid to the extent fear their own shadows. As they say goes (Mekenai Tsebuk) or (Menor Deg)

እኔ ፀጋዬ በርሄ PhD የተባልኩ ኢትዮጵያዊ በትግራይ ክልል በአድዋ ከተማ ተወልጄ በወላጆቼና በኅብረተሰቡ እንክብካቤ አግኝቼ ያደኩና በአገር ውስጥና በውጭ አገር ትምህርቴን በማጠናቀቅ በተለያዩ ዓለምአቀፍ እና አገር አቀፍ እርዳታ ሰጪ ድርጅቶች፣ በተለያየ ደረጃ እና ኃላፊነት ማለት በኢትዮጵያ እና በተለያዩ አፍሪካ አገራት አገለግያለሁ፡

ወቅታዊ የኢትዮጵያ ሁኔታና _ የወቅቱ መሪ ተዋንያን
ዘመንፈስ ቢያድግልኝ

ዑነትና ንጋት እያደረ ይጠራል ክፍል ሁለት 
በዘመንፍስ ቢያድግል

ዑነትና ንጋት እያደረ ይጠራል 

ዘመንፈስ ቢያድግልኝ  

Ethiopia: A Country Built on Shared History and Worth-Struggling to Modernize and Preserve
By Dilbato Degoye Waqo

Ethiopia is an ancient African country and one of the oldest states in the world. As Abyssinia its culture and traditions date back over 3,000 years and as the Kingdom of Cush beyond time immemorial. Throughout the centuries, Ethiopia had always been the symbol of ancient African civilization and statehood--one that can boast the most remarkable achievement and glorious past from long bygone times. Some seven decades and seven years ago, a Ghanaian historian, Dr. Joseph B. Danguah, in his introduction to the book, United West Africa at the Bar of the Family of Nations, by Ladipo Solanke, published in 1927, wrote:

Ethiopian Ethnic Rivalries Threaten Abiy Ahmed’s Reform Agenda (FT) – Tadias Magazine
March 27, 2019
Ethiopian Ethnic Rivalries Threaten Abiy Ahmed’s Reform Agenda (FT) Tadias MagazineAbiy Ahmed and Debretsion Gebremichael, chairman of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front. Premier’s stellar reputation gets frosty reception among formerly …
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Some Solutions to the current challenges facing Ethiopians

Tecola W Hagos, 25 March 2019
1. In General
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed keeps messing up my logic-oriented brain with his beautifully crafted speeches and messages. His recent address/message of 18 March 2019, with his epochal symbolism of a needle threading through marking a new path that also pulls along a motley of unsavory characters of all sorts, is a metaphorical statement that is highly evocative and unforgettable. For that message alone, Abiy Ahmed deserves a second look, a reassessment of his circumstance of how he lives and survives surrounded and suffocated by individuals the likes of Lemma Megersa and the threat of Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo (hereafter ‘Qeerroo’). 

ዑነትና ንጋት እያደረ ይጠራል ክፍል ሁለት 
በዘመንፍስ ቢያድግልኝ

በክፍል አንድ ከህዋሃት ዲሞክራሲ መጋረጃ ጀርባ የመሪ ተዋንያን ማንነት ለማየትና በጨረፍታ ለማሳየት በግርድፉ ነካክቸው አሎሁ። እንደዑነቱ ከሆነ ለመንደርደርያ እንጂ እጅግ ዘግናኝ የሆኑ ግፍና በደል በትግልና በፍትሀ ስም በነዚህ የበግ ለምድ የለበሱ ተዋንያን ተፈጽመዋል።ለመሆኑ ይህን ያቄመ ጸያፍ ተግባር ሲክውኑ ምን ያደርጉ ነበር ብንል ማንነታቸውን ፍንትው አርጎ ያሳየናል __________ 
አቦይ ስብሃት ከጀርባ ካልሆነ ፊት ለፊት መጋፍጥ አይሆንለትም በተማሪነት ጊዜ እንኳ ትልቁ ዘዴው የክፍል አለቆችን (ሞኒተሮችን) ስብስቦ ተማሪውን እንድያሳደሙ ያደርግ ነበር እንጂ ፈጽሞ ፊት ለፊት ወጥቶ መናገር ዳገቱ ነው። በ1950 ዎቹ መጨረሻ የራስ መንገሻ ሥዩምን አስተዳደር ለማናጋት ያልፈንቀለው ዲንጋይ አልነበረም። ያቺን የራስ ሥዩም አባትነት አቶ ነጋ መነገፋቸው የእግር ውስጥ እሳት ሆናባት አድጋለች። እዚህ ላይ በዛ ዘመን ገና የኢትዮጵያ ተማሪዎች ዕንቅስቃሴ ዕንጭጭ የነበረ ቢሆንም ለድብቅ አላማው መጠቀሚያ ለማድረግ ያልቆፈረው ጉድጋድ .....


Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed keeps messing up my logic-oriented brain with his beautifully crafted speeches. His recent address with his epochal symbolism of a needle threading through a new path that also pulls along a motley of unsavory characters of all sorts is a metaphorical statement that is highly evocative and unforgettable.

For that statement alone, Abiy Ahmed deserves a second look, a reassessment of his circumstance how he lives with individuals the likes of Lemma Megersa with disgusting narrow mindedness and who allowed hooligan terrorist Oromo Qerros (under the guidance of Jawar Mohammed, Dawood Ibsa, Takele Uma, et cetera criminals who should be tried under the 1948 Genocide Convention; Penal Code of Ethiopia: Article 281 Genocide; Crimes against Humanity ff) to butcher and displace hundreds of thousands of Ethiopian citizens mainly Amharas, Gedos, Somalies, Southern Peoples, Tigreis et cetera including the recent demolitions of homes of tens of thousands of Ethiopian Citizens at Legatafo who have lived in the so called Oromo Kilil all their lives.


Ode to Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302

 Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD                                March 13, 2019 

Oh! What a day is Sunday, March Ten, Two Thousand Nineteen

A world-wide tragedy to die with flying machine and gasoline

Accursed day that claimed a hundred fifty seven lives caused by flight control problem in mid-air

That made me so sad and emotional and forced me to utter, ‘life is not fair’

Passengers eaten by a defective Boeing 737 Max Eight

All helpless, let alone change the course of distraught

The plane made unusual noise in anticipation of destruction

It was wallowing like a disturbed bird headed for shattering demolition  

It fell to the ground straight down

And buried the victims in a thirteen meters deep ground hole

Created by the impact of the vulture machine bowl

THE GOD THAT WEPT [እንባ የሚአነባው አምላክ]
[Extract from unpublished book manuscript]
Tecola W Hagos, 5 March 2019


In General
I am amazed almost every single day that I have lived for as long as I have when quite a number of my contemporaries, as well as a few of my juniors, are no more. A recent tragic death of a very talented and politically astute cousin (more like a brother) brought home to me the fragility of human life as a matter of fact and how deeply we all lose in our vanity. Our decade is a truly difficult period, but not as horrible as the earlier ones of long periods of wars, of famine and pestilence, and of liberation struggles and of frail nation building. Have we succeeded in laying out the foundational structures for our future survival? 
However, neither Abiy Ahmed nor Lemma Megersa are the Ethiopian Leaders we all thought they were. Their recent inaction and deceitful statements at crucial junctures of enormous crises of persecution and ethnic cleansing and eviction of citizens in Oromo Kilil clearly established their true colors of narrow ethnic goal of a separate Oromo entity and the destruction of Ethiopia. I was aware of Abiy Ahmed’s flirtation with such retarded idea of ethnic supremacy when he was official in the Oromo Kilil Leadership. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q_GrV30N634

‘የሕዝብ ተወካይ ማን ነው?’ ፀጋዝአብ ለምለም ተስፋይ

Priorities in Ethiopian Politics: Expediting the Exigencies and Postponing the Inessential Ones 
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD March 1, 2019
This Article is dedicated to the 123rd anniversary of the victory of the Ethiopian people at the Battle of Adwa on March 1, 1896

Ethiopia is at crossroads again, undertaking, this time, not a scientific revolution but a scientific reform; incremental at times and transformational at other times. It is in the latter sense and in the context of the two quotations above that this article is written. For the above reason, thus, the purpose of this article is three fold: 1) to make a quick glance at some relevant ideas of the past; 2) to thoroughly examine the priorities in Ethiopian politics; and 3) to furnish redeeming ideas to current Ethiopian malaise, sort of proposal in order to bit the odds and come up with a sound policy spectrum that could in turn catapult Ethiopia in the right direction and subsequently achieve a more....

Remembering our past history and the sacrifices made by our ancestors and making it part of our social fabric today and should enable us to deal with the latest waves of systematic treacherous institutional cover to change the demographic of our ancestors land, that has been defended through scarifies of our forefathers blood and sweat.  We salute our ancestors for their selfless devotion; we have to be inspired by their sprit to fight any form of operation like Kedemai Woyane.  Deki Aday our people demand honoring our great leaders, before and after them, without justice there is no peace. The current land grabbing and uprooting villagers are a sad saga that will create instability, the madness must be stopped, and we have the right to live in land of our ancestors. Egrihareba stood for justice and there is a lot to learn from their heroic fight, you are not alone we stood with you.

ካብ ብሐዚ ክንሓስበሉን ክንሰርሓሉን ዝግበአና ዓብዪ ታሪኻዊ ውራይ- መበል 25 ዓመት ዝኽሪ ዕለተ-መስዋእቲ ጅግና ብዓል-ራኢ ኣቦና፤ 

Image may contain: 1 person መራሒ ቐዳማይ ወያነ ኣቦ እንቢታ ንብሄራዊ ጭቆናን መርገፅቲ፣ ኣቦ ፅንዓት፣ ኣቦ ትብዓት፣ ኣቦ ሕራነ፣ ኣቦ ብልሓት፣ መርአያ ፍቕሪ ዓዲን ህዝቢን ጅግና ኣቦና ብላታ ሃይለማርያም ረዳ(ኣባ መብረቕ) ቅድሚ 24 ዓመታት ልክዕ ብዛ ዕለት ለካቲት 23 1987 . እዮም ተሰዊኦም፡፡ ኣቦና ብላታ ሃይለማርያም እቲ ናቶም ትውልዲ ብዙሕ መስዋእቲ ብምኽፋል ኣብ ጫፍ ዓወት በፂሑ ኮይኑ ግን ኣብ ሞንጎ ብሰንኪ ንሕና ብሓደ ደው ክንብል ዘይምኽኣልና ዝተኾለፈ ኣንፃር ጭቆናን መርገፅቲን ዝተገበረ ቓልሲ ካልኣይ ወያነ ተረኪቡ፣ ካብ ናይ ኣቦታቱ ጥንኩርን ድኹምን ጎኒ ተማሂሩ ናብ ዓወት ኣብፂሑዎ(እዚ ብናይቲ ኻልኣይ ወያነ ትርጉም እዩ፤ ብኣንፃር ብሄራዊ ረብሓ ትግራይ ግን መካትዒ ክኸውን ዝኽእል እዩ) ሕገ-መንግስቲ ኣፅዲቑ ፌደራላዊ ስርዓት ደው እንተብል ሪኦምን ሕጉስ ኮይኖምን እዮም ቕድሚ 24 ዓመት ካብዛ ዓለም ዝተፈለዩ፡፡ ኣቦና ክሳብ ዕለተ-ሕልፈቶም ኣብ ቓልሲ ነይሮም- ንደቒቕ እውን ፈፂሞም ዘይርብርቡ ተቓላሲ፣ ሓሳቢ፣ ተላሚ ነይሮም፡

ዑነትና ንጋት እያደረ ይጠራል 

ዘመንፈስ ቢያድግልኝ

የድሮ ቅኔ ዘራፊ እንዲህ ብለው ነበር

አትከላከልም ወይ አለንጋ ይዘህ፡

አሞራ ሲበላው የገዛ ሥጋህ

“Not only are people often ignorant of their own motives, they're also masters of self-deceptive self-presentation. The introspective "mistakes" are often strategic maneuvers aimed at convincing others that the person is smart, nice, competent, altruistic, principled, and so on. People believe nice-sounding stories about themselves so that they” Daniel Gibson Marketing communications economist. Former foreign affairs correspondent medium.com

ለመሆኑ ስብሃት የማን ልጅ ነው ?

 1)ስብሃት የአቶ ነጋ ልጅ ሲሆን አብቱ የራስ ሥዩም መንገሻ ዮሃንስ ልጅ ናቸው ቢባልም ራስ ሥዩም ሳይቀበሉና ዕውቅና ሳይሰጡ መቅረታቸው ይነገራል። ስብሃትም ይህችን በቤተሰብ ቅሬታ የፈጠረች ታሪክ ሲማግ ኑራል። በሌላ በኩል የቅርብ ዘመድ የሆኑ ደጃዝማች ዓብይ ካሳ የቀዳማየይ ወያኔን ንቅናቄን አከሽፋሎህ ብለው ያለማዕክላዊ መንግሥት ትዕዛዝ ወደ እንደርታና ዋጂራት ሲዘምቱ በደርስባቸው ሽንፈት ተማርከው የራያ አዘቦና የዋጀራት ወጣቶች እንዚህ ሽርጥ( በራያ ግልድም ይባላል) ለባሽ አስየው አሎህ ብለው ፎክረው ስለነበር ያንኑ ያንቃሸሱትን ሽርጥ አልብሶ በአደባብይ አዙራችዋል ተጨማሪ በሶት በዚሀም አላበቃም አሁንም ከዛው አካባቢ አቶ ገብረሥልሴ በኃላ ደጃዝማች ያምጻሉ የእንደርታ፤የተንቤን፤ የአጋሜ፤ የሁለት አውላዕሎና የራያ አዘቦ ጦር ዘምቶ ከአድዋ ካባረራቸው በኃላ ዛሬ ገዛ ገርላስ ወደምትባለው ኮረበታ ይሸሻሉ። የኃላ የኃላ ዕርቅ ወርዶ በፖለቲካ ጋብቻ ተቃጨ።ሌላ የብሶት ታሪክ


Incapacitated Caretaker Ethiopian Government: High Time for a New Revolutionary Democratic Developmental State
Mogos Abraham, PhD
Center for Middle Eastern Strategic Studies 27 Feb. 2019
Meaning and Mandates 

His childish behavior and treacherous actions have revealed that Abiy Ahmed Ali (hereafter Mr. Ali)[1] does not understand the meaning and mandates of a caretaker government. Conventionally, caretaker government is a temporary government mandated to make sure stability of a country’s prevailing governance system until a democratically elected government takes over. Ensuring social, economic, and political stability and territorial integrity of the country is a caretaker government’s obligation. Caretaker is just a gatekeeper, waiting for the democratically elected boss to arrive. A well-defined code of conduct in governing is constitutionally binding. For example, the president, the prime minister, speakers/deputy speakers of both the House of Representatives and the House of Federation, federal ministers and their respective officials, presidents of the regional states and their respective officials, and other public office holders shall not be involved in election campaigns in any manner whatsoever. 

Editorial note

Our silence engenders our family members and those deprived their being because this systematic pretext of “development”. The Enderta people are marginalized and are deprived of their rights to live on their ancestral land. But development has to do with human rights and access to natural resources on equal basis. It important to be angered by the extreme injustice of people having their ancestral land pulled beneath their feet. The land rush has been supported by corruption and greed; it is becoming a source of tension. In contempt of the inhabitants in Enderta, they are forced to sell to the regional government very cheap at times less than what costs an egg and in return the regional government sells it in thousands at a profit unheard of. Villagers have felt squeezed and abandoned. The historical anthropologist Gerald wrote ”we can have no significant understanding of any culture unless we also know the silences that were institutionally created and granted along with it”. The harm done by silence is more dangerous and urgent attention is needed to combat the land grabbing issue that is uprooting the residents of Enderta. They cannot afford to live on their own land under the present situation. They are cooking up a tragedy to happen and stop this land grab madness; as there are many areas of the region that also need development. The failure to act was a compound of arrogance and incompetence.

Mekelle’s unjust and unsustainable urban expansion has to be tackled before it’s too late

By Haile Tessema

Image result for mekelle city
Land is one of the most valuable commodities as it’s a source for basic necessities of life: food, clothing and shelter. For that reason, it’s regarded highly by its human inhabitants. On the downside, land has been a source of conflict in various communities all over the world, and serves as an effective tool for citizen control in undemocratic societies. When it comes to Ethiopia – entrenched in its early Marxist-Leninist ideology yet not much different from previous military and monarchial rule – the TPLF-led EPRDF Government conveniently bestowed land ownership rights on the ‘people’, i.e. government. And currently nowhere is that policy more prevalently visible than in Mekelle, the regional capital of Tigrai.
In the almighty name of investment and development, the Government of Tigrai (hereafter GOT or government) is depriving property-owners of not only the land they inherited from their forefathers or obtained it with their hard-earned money, but also providing them with way below market value compensation. In some areas of Mekelle and Enderta, the GOT is providing as low as three birr per sqm (square meter), while selling it to the highest bidder for as high as thirty thousand birr per sqm. Sure enough, this is a travesty of justice by any civilized standard and a stretch of imagination.

Chinese-run railway in Ethiopia gives regional development much-needed boost
By Jing Yue and Huang Peizhao in Addis Ababa Source:Global Times Published: 

A local resident greets Chinese and African workers on the Addis Ababa-Djibouti Railway during a trial run in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, September 28, 2016. Photo: IC
The yellow and grey main building of the Addis Ababa railway station was a grand sight under the morning sunshine. It has become a local landmark, a station employee told the Global Times. Young couples often use it as a backdrop for their wedding photos, and TV shows like to shoot scenes here.

Anger in Ethiopia as officials demolish hundreds of houses
The Ethiopian government has begun demolishing thousands of houses they say are illegal in the Oromia region in the outskirts of the capital, Addis Ababa.
The government said it intends to tear down 12,000 houses that were built illegally on government land, taking advantage of widespread unrest in the region over the past three years. But residents allege that they were paying taxes to the government on the properties.

Power shift creates new tensions and Tigrayan fears in Ethiopia
“Shaking up Ethiopia's government risks exacerbating several long-simmering ethnic rivalries”
James Jeffrey Freelance journalist specialising in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa
“Ethnic tensions are the biggest problem for Ethiopia right now,” Tewodrose Tirfe, chair of the Amhara Association of America, a US-based advocacy group that played a significant role in lobbying the US government to censor the former regime. “You’ve got millions of people displaced – it’s a humanitarian crisis, and it could get out of control.”
During the first half of 2018, Ethiopia’s rate of 1.4 million new internally displaced people exceeded Syria’s. By the end of last year, the IDP population had mushroomed to nearly 2.4 million

Dr. Abiy Ahmed and Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia on Political Culture in Ethiopia
IDEA Viewpoint February 7, 2019

The Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) appreciates and hails the Conference on Democracy in Ethiopia that Dr. Abiy Ahmed, the Prime Minster of Ethiopia held with the contending political parties at the African Union hall on February 2, 2019. Irrespective of the broad range and variegated topics and themes presented by the panel, what makes this conference historic is that the paper presenters and the audience candidly exchanged ideas; and questions raised from the floor were also eloquently answered in the spirit of laying the cornerstone for the establishment of democratic culture in Ethiopia. If these kinds of conferences continue without interruption, no doubt, political culture will flourish in Ethiopia and the country’s bright future will be inaugurated and guaranteed.

Political language. . . is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind. George Orwell 

“የፖለቲካ ቋን____ የተቀመረው ውሽትን እንድ ዑነት እንዲስተጋባ፤ ግድያን የተቀደሰ ምግባር ለማስመሰልና የውሸቱ ንፋስን ጠጣር እንጎቻ አስምስሎ ለማቅረብ ነው፤” ጆርጅ ኦርዊል “The politicians of your country will always try to encircle you with the high walls of lies! You must know that the truth is beyond the walls and without meeting the truth you cannot meet the freedom!” ― Mehmet Murat ildan 

“የአገራቹሁ ፖለቲከኞች ሁሌም በሰማይ ጠቅሰ የውሸት ግንብ ሊከባቹሁ ይሞክራሉ፤ ይሁንና ዑነቱ ግን ያለው ከግንቡ ወዲያ ማዶ ነው፤ ስለሆነም ዑነቱ እስካላገኞቹህ ነጻ አይደላቹሁም” መህምት ሙራት ኢልዳን 
“ኢትዮጵያ ታማለች!!!” ፀጋዝአብ ለምለም ተስፋይ
የኢኮኖሚክስ መምህርና ጸሓፊ(ሸክም የበዛበት ትውልዴ፡ 2009 እና የምሥራቃዊት ኮከብ፡ 2010 መጻሕፍት አዘጋጅ)

በፌደራል መንግስት የጸደቀ ሕግ የአገሪቱ ሕገ መንግስትን የሚጻረር ሆኖ ሲገኝ ክልሎች ውድቅ እንዲሆን
መወሰን ተደርጎ የማያውቅ ስራ ነው  ለሚሉና አስተያየታቸው እውቀትን መሰረት ያደረገ እንዲሆን ለሚፈልጉ ሁሉ የአሜሪካ Bill of Rights Institute [BRI] የጻፈውን የሚከተለውን ጽሁፍ ያንብቡ
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions (1798)

Transposing Ethiopia while Concurrently Preserving Its Institutional Heritage and Its Political Economy Achievements 
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD January 23, 2019 

The purpose of this article is to systematically analyze and critique the present Ethiopian politics, policies, and initiatives in the context of change and reform and yet to propose the continuation of Ethiopia’s achievements in the last two and half decades, and use the latter as a convenient platform to constructively guide the future developments of the country. This paper will further discuss the developmental state (hereafter DS) and the neo-liberal policy agenda, in an effort to garner theoretical clarify on concepts and policy spectrums and the impact they would have on Ethiopian politics and the larger Ethiopian society. 

January 18, 2019

Efforts to Register Ethiopian Epiphany Festival with UNESCO

The current movement, request, and efforts exhibited by Ethiopians to register Ethiopian Epiphany festival with UNESCO was heralded by one relevant article entitled “UNESCO Should Recognize Ethiopian Epiphany as Intangible Cultural Heritage”. This article was authored by Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia, Professor of Africana Studies at Lehman College, City University of New York, and President of the Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) on January 24, 2015. Four years later, IDEA found it imperative to repost the article in an effort to rekindle Ethiopians’ wish to make their intangible heritage universal, and also to encourage other Ethiopians who are striving for the recognition of Ethiopian Epiphany by UNESCO; additionally, the goal of reposting the article is to provoke discussion amongst scholars and academe alike, educate students and the youth, as well as inform travelers and tourists. The article can be read in its entirety by clicking on this link: www.africanidea.org/Ethiopian_Epiphany.html     

Transforming Ethiopia’s Developmental State Model for the Future

                                  Desta, Asayehgn, Sarlo Distinguished Professor

                  “If it ain't broke don't fix it” (Bert Lance, May 1977)

Development role of the state with little reliance on market forces was used as the cornerstone for the renaissance of the economically successful Northeast Asian countries, such as Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan (Zhang, 2018, Ricz, 2016). Following the spectacular growth of many economies in East Asia, developmental state is increasingly gaining ground in sub-Saharan Africa. For instance, Botswana, Mauritius, Cote d’Ivoire, Malawi, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and South Africa are labeling themselves as “developmental” (Seshamani and Ndhlovu (2016).  

Mining Sector Challenges in Developing Countries, Tigray, Ethiopia and Inspirational Success Stories from Australia
Article (PDF Available) in International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering 9(4):321-367 · December 2018 with 214 Reads
DOI: 10.1504/IJMME.2018.10018510

he urge to make wealth, reduce unemployment, and improve the living conditions of its people pushes the Ethiopian Government to regulate the mining legislation to favour investment in the sector. The external perception is that some aspects of doing business in Ethiopia are too difficult, and they increase stakeholders’ investment’s risk and undermine potential benefits. Changes allow for business incentives that include security of tenure, the right to sell minerals, equipment and machinery’s preferential duty and tax provisions, a 2%–8% production royalty, a 25% mining corporate tax, custom/duties exemptions, carry forward of losses up to ten years, and profits repatriation’s structuring. Ethiopia’s resource intensity trajectory is expected to take off in the coming years. 

Breakdown of peace and order in Ethiopia, the Tigray Factor, and the Confusing Ethiopian-Eritrean Relations 
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD IDEA Editorial January 9, 2019 

In the last eight months, i.e. beginning end of April 2018 to present, the whole of Ethiopia is disturbed by ethnic clashes and confrontations that, in large measure, are mysterious and difficult to explicate and define. The victims of disturbances, now close to two million internally displaced, thousands dead, and hundreds upon hundreds that fled to neighboring countries like Kenya and Sudan, have tried to make sense out of the unfortunate phenomenon that they have encountered by saying, “we have lived with our neighbors for millennia, but we never have had such calamity of clashes; we were unable to figure out the agents of chaos who come and disappear after they ignite the quarrel among the people and burn down our properties; we never had such kind of social insecurity caused by criminality....

Press Release from Tegaru Residing In Northern California (In Tigrigna, Amharic and English)

We, Tegaru/Tigrean residing in Northern California such as the Bay Area, Fresno, Stockton, and Sacramento, had a meeting on December 22, 2018 in San Jose, CA. The meeting agenda was to assess the prevailing situation in Ethiopia with special emphasis on Tigrai and Tegaru to discuss on how we can effectively help Tegaru in Ethiopia who are heroically fighting the continuous psychological distressing, political, economic and social attacking with the aim of ethnic cleansing by the chauvinist and narrow tribalism forces. During the discussion, we recalled Dr. Abiy’s sweet promises to the Ethiopian people as a whole, for democracy, rule of law to apply, forgiveness, reconciliation, tolerance, love and unity with the mantra of “Medemer” which meant all-inclusiveness and we were amongst the first ethnic group to welcome and rally behind his vision.


“ I have a dream. One day, Hagos becoming the president of Oromia, Gemechu becoming the president of Amhara…and we all laugh that we were once silly wasting our resources arguing about tribal issues that mixed up with politics.”

Tecola W Hagos 1 January 2019

To state the obvious here and now, Ethiopia is going through very bizarre political and economic transformation. One may say it is perverse to a great extent to see yesterday’s “liberal democrats” advocating ethnic cleansing, supporting one-man-rule of dictatorship, encouraging the establishment of SS Nazi type Republican Guards, endorsing the internment of “Tigrians” in concentration camps, and vindicating Mengistu Hailemariam and his blood-soaked regime from all responsibility for the Red Terror and policy of starvation of millions of Ethiopians.


Ethiopian observer editorial
We are now living in Ethiopia in a volatile political situation and in an economic disaster looming all around us. We are surrounded by our historic enemies and newly minted ones that are getting stronger by the hour. Those of us in the Diaspora have a moral obligation not to promote ethnic conflict with harmful propaganda on the supremacy or corruption of any ethnic group thereby inflaming further a situation that is highly charged with hate and conflict already. Any ethnic based conflict within the Ethiopian community is a victory for Arabs and their foreign masters. Our enemies have become very powerful because we are a divided people. Thus, we urge all opposition leaders and their supporters to tone down their accusations of this or that ethnic or nationality group as the guilty party for all the problems faced by Ethiopia and Ethiopians.

Defying Ethiopian Toxic Ethnic Politics
Tecola W. Hagos (11 December 2018)

I. Prolegomena - Pointing Fingers
I have never supported federalism based on ethnicism or on language for Ethiopia. I believe in a “unitary” system with guided limited local autonomous provincial administration, with few incorporated urban structures as needed. I justify my position of a unitary administrative structure based on two sold grounds: 1) the primitive state of life in Ethiopia cannot allow or sustain a modernist structure such as federalism of any kind, least of all one based on ethnic identity; 2) lack of skilled and enlightened managerial manpower and the low count of efficient second tier assistants and committed field operators to advance governmental policies and government backed projects. 


The acronym D.E.M.O.C.R.A.T stands for Democratic Ethiopian Movement of Creative Reform and Transformation and it is an organization first conceived and founded by Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia in 2009 and then an attempt was made to reach out all Ethiopians in Ethiopia and the Diaspora; soon after it began its initial task by establishing a board of directors, however, because the larger Ethiopian society in general and the various Ethiopian communities in particular were polarized by ethnic politics, the organization was not launched until September 26, 2012. Even then, it was impossible to get hold of the diverse Ethiopian national groups to work together for a common goal; now, although ethno-nationalist tendencies have not subsided yet, there are promising signs that Ethiopians can pull together for a grand and common Ethiopian national agenda, and we at DEMOCRAT are encouraged to put the pieces together, and as a result we have begun our mission on September 2018 and laid the necessary operational and guideline infrastructure  to catapult the mission and objectives of DEMOCRAT. The organizational structure of DEMOCRAT and its departments as well as the aims and goals of the organization will be made available for public consumption at a later date. However, by way of kicking off DEMOCRAT here below is its mission and objectives:

ዘተ ሰብ ሕድሪ ምስ ነበርቲ ከተማ ዓዲግራት part 1, 2, 3


የእውራ ዶሮ ፖለቲካ ይሆን?
Tecola W Hagos, 30 November 2018

Dedication: I dedicate this Article-Commentary to Megabi Hadis Eshetu Alemayehu
[መጋቢ ሐዲስ እሸቱ አለማየሁ]and Deacon Daniel Kibret [ዲያቆን ዳንኤል ክብረት] - two of my favorite inspirational scholars with great understanding of Ethiopian culture and with incomparable humane wit. 
I. In General 

It is the best of times for PM Abiy Ahmed to be surrounded by an admiring intimate group of people. Even more so for a man who craves attention to be surrounded by such female crowed, however, bordering the ridiculous. He has created what seems to me a modern-day version of a Turkish Solarium—a harem minus the erotic aspect of that Turkish and Arabesque excesses. He has appointed females for more than fifty percent of all Ethiopian High Governmental Offices to date, including a female President and a female Chair of the National Election Board. It is the best of times for PM Abiy Ahmed to be surrounded by an admiring intimate group of people. Even more so for a man who craves attention to be surrounded by such female crowed, however, bordering the ridiculous. He has created what seems to me a modern-day version of a Turkish Seraglio—a harem minus the erotic aspect of that Turkish and Arabesque excesses. He has appointed females for more than fifty percent of all Ethiopian High Governmental Offices to date, including a female President and a female Chair of the National Election Board.  

Current Ethiopian Affairs: Ethnic Conflict, State-Level Confrontational Politics, and anti-Tigray Frenzy 
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD November 26, 2018 

In this essay, I will systematically address the current messy Ethiopian affairs by employing the interpretive methodology in order to further elucidate the intricate Ethiopian phenomenon. Although I am using my own interpretation and explanation, it should be known that the interpretive method was first introduced by Max Weber in the late 19th to early 20th centuries. The interpretive method is intended to reconstruct the objective and subjective rationality, to meaningfully understand human behavior and motives, and to study social trends and problems. 

Rotten and Fractured Beyond Repair EPRDF no More: Strategic Emergency Exit for TPLF Par
Mogos Abraham, PhD

Center for Middle Eastern Studies 23 Nov. 2018

Consequences of ethnocentrism, which reveals immature political tendencies, are disastrous. Read for example, the manifesto of the National Movement of Amhara (NaMA), which was founded on 10 June 2018 in Bahir-Dar, the capital city of the Amhara Regional State. NaMA is an extremely dangerous organization. It disparages (demeans) TPLF’s contributions to Ethiopia’s modernization. It does not recognize EPRDF as a legitimate government. It has declared ANDM as an agent of TPLF. 

Sometimes autocrats strengthen their power by expanding women’s rights. Here’s how that works.
By Daniela Donno and
Anne-Kathrin Kreft November 23
Last month, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed announced that he had appointed a new cabinet — and that half of its ministers were female. Particularly noteworthy are the appointments of Aisha Mohammed as minister of defense and Muferiat Kamil as the first minister of peace, prestigious ministries at a time when Ethiopia is beginning to soften relations with neighboring Eritrea.
Abiy can appoint a gender-balanced cabinet because the EPRDF has long cultivated female leaders. Our research indicates that dictatorships with strong ruling parties often have dedicated women’s wings or ties with the women’s movement. These help spread the regime’s policies and vision for the country to the people. At the same time, they supply loyal female politicians to fill parliamentary and cabinet posts. In Ethiopia, the EPRDF’s Women’s League has served these functions. The new minister of peace has held numerous party-appointed positions, including as minister of women’s affairs and as speaker of Parliament

Tecola W Hagos, 23 November 2018

I. Introduction
Not long ago, I wrote about my disgust with the Ethiopian Government of Meles Zenawi for pardoning some twenty high ranking Derg Officials who were convicted of murder, Red Terror, atrocities of all types on innocent Ethiopians, including the execution of high officials on the grounds of Alem Bekagn on 23 November 1974.  I consider such pardon to be unjust and a violation of the rights of the victims and a permanent threat to our humanity. Even worse the Government of PM Abiy Ahmed invited a few such murderers and Red Terror participants to a State Banquette honoring the departing President Mulatu Teshome on the evening of November 2, 2018. We are hypocrites to the bone. Those Derg Officials, now being embraced by Abiy and by the degenerate former Prime Minister Haile Mariam Desalegn (pictured few months back smiling with the mass murderer Mengistu Hailemariam), had murdered and tortured countless innocent Ethiopians from 1974 to 1991. They showed no mercy or any humane consideration to any of their victims. 

Tecola W Hagos (16 November 2018)

We Ethiopians in general are not moralistic people but spiritualists. We do not seem to have developed our critical thinking faculties to a high degree. The freedom we had enjoyed for thousands of years is a lot more the function of geography than our valor or cunning in fighting foreign foes.  I am not denying that there were no highly sophisticated intellectuals and also incredibly courageous commanders in our past. Of course, there were several, but they were very few. For example, battle field statistics confirms the fact that for a battle to be over between tens of thousands of Ethiopian combatants, the death of a few hundred would result in a route and soldiers run for their lives abandoning wounded comrades even if there were no hostile pursuers.

Lalibela Should be Patronized and Renovated by Ethiopian Architects and Engineers 
IDEA Editorial November 14, 2018

One of the magnificent historical sites in Ethiopia is the town of Lalibela in the north-central part of the country; and the splendid eleven rock-hewn churches in that town are a continuation of Aksumite architecture in the construction of hewn edifices; in Tigray alone there are 126 rock-hewn churches and monasteries, and it is these uniquely Ethiopian buildings, curved out of rocks with amazing mathematical precision and symmetry, that continued in Lalibela and elsewhere in Ethiopia.

Ethiopian immigrant murdered by racists remembered in ceremony Portland came together at the intersection where Ethiopian immigrant Mulugeta Seraw was murdered by white supremacists 30 years ago.

Tecola W Hagos, 11 November 2018
I. Foreign Relations:

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed continues to irritate me with his obsequious behavior toward President Issayas Afeworki, and now his fawning over President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (Farmajo) of Somalia. Pictures from the recent Meeting of the three Leaders show Abiy’s deplorable behavior the source of irritation for me and very many Ethiopians. The singular such picture of the three leaders huddled together like some giggling school girls is both disturbing and unbecoming of the dignified proper conduct of individuals representing sovereign people, I expected. [See the picture below.] Of the three, the most sycophantic is Abiy Ahmed wearing his ridiculous Jano in the fashion of dressing of an Agafare, not appropriate for a head of government. [Abiy, if you wear our National Dress, which is a good idea, but do it properly.] He is acting like a chihuahua beaming and wagging off his tail (in his case, his hands) in the presence of his owner. Look at Abiy’s posture and the look in his face, the way he is adoringly salivating fixated on the face of Issayas Afeworki. I simply could not stand watching an Ethiopian leader in such subservient and servile posture

Tecola W Hagos, 7 November 2018

Abstract: It is unfathomable to me that a current Ethiopian leader would invite former high officials of the brutal murderous military strongman Mengistu Hailemariam to an official State function. Abiy Ahmed just inflicted on us (Ethiopians) another painful and insensitive act of unbridled tyrannical power hubris by inviting the murderous Fikreselassie Wogderese (directly) and Goshu Wolde (by association) to the State Banquette given to honor the departing President Mulatu Teshome.
I. In General
In the last few weeks much is reveled on both the naiveté and the complexity of the mind of the new Ethiopian Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed (hereafter referred to as either “Abiy” or just “Prime Minster”). Complexity or naiveté does not necessarily reflect an aspect of a state of moral or ethical content. It is utterly possible to be complex without a strand of ethics or morality in a matrix—consider the game of Chess et cetera. Even in such clear case of action taken in self-defense in preserving one’s own life, one’s action on the ground is not as clear cut of ethical or moral content as it is in theory, for numerous individuals are hard-wired for altruistic acts completely sacrificing their individual lives for the benefit of others often complete strangers. 

ውግደ ዲያብሎስ ወራጅ አለ
In memory to all Ethiopians who sacrifice their life for justice and democracy in the true meaning of the slogan
Paul demands active unity in the church, “ A unity that explicitly joins together differing ethnic groups because of their common identity in Christ. …… The old barrier form of brand-new humanity. The old barrier of hostility has been demolished by the cross, and now, all peoples are to be one in Christ” Rom,4. Gal 3-4; col 3
ቅዱሰ ጳውሎሰ በቤተ ዕምነት አንድንትን ሰብካል እንዲህም አለ “ሁሉንም ብሄር፤ ቀለም፤ ዘር የሚያጣምር አንድነት ወሳኝ ነው ምክንያቱም ሁሉም በክረሰቶሰ ፊት አንድ ነው።።

Tragedies of Political Puppetry in Ethiopia
Mogos Abraham, PhD

Center for Middle Eastern Studies

12 Nov. 2018
1. Prelude
In the context of this piece, a puppet is a person, party, or state under the control of an external-political power. Puppetry, therefore, is being a tool to serve external powers. Coached by external powers, political puppets are extreme opportunists, who emerge in times of national crises. Political puppets know very well the cultural norms and values of the masses (weakest links); possess an insider-information on the political organization (e.g., the EPRDF); are shrewd manipulators and orators, capable of delivering motivational speeches of hate that dehumanize other citizens who stand on their way to political power (e.g., Abiy Ahmed, Mengistu Hailemariam, and Adolf Hitler); and are more than willing to be hired as double agents to work for external powers at large amounts of dollars. They are willing to sale their own Motherland. Let us have a look at selected historical facts that reveal tragedies of playing puppetry. We can learn a lot from these facts. History matters a lot.

ካብ ሰብ ሕድሪ ዝተዋህበ እዋናዊ መግለጺ
ህዝቢ ትግራይ ዶቡ ነጺሩ ዝፈልጥ፡ ኣብ መንነቱን ዶባቱን ክንዲ ፍረ ጣፍ ዝኸውን ሕቶን ጥርጣረንዘይብሉ፣ ንቕድሚት ውን ክህልዎ ዘይኽእል መስርዕ ቃልሱ ዝነጸረ ህዝቢ እዩ፡፡ ኮይኑ ግን ካብ ቀረባ ዓመታት ጀሚሩ ብሹም ‘ኣላሻ መንነት' ዝንቀሳቀሱ ዘመናውያን ሸቃጦ፤ ኣብ ዝተፈላለዩ ምስ ኣምሓራ ክልል ዝዋሰኑ ከባቢታት ህውከት ክፈጥሩ ፈተነታት ከካይዱ ተራእዮም እዮም፡፡ እቲ ሓቂ ግን ይትረፍ ራያ ኣላማጣን ወልቃይትን ዝኣክል ሕምብርቲ ትግራይ፥ እቲ ምእንተ ምጥዓም ምሕደራ ፌደራሊዝም ተባሂሉ ሎሚ ናብ ኣምሓራ ተኸሊሉ ዝርከብ መሬት ትግራይ ውን እንተኾነ ካብ ትግራይ ወጻእ ኮይኑ ዝቕጽል ስርዓት ፌደራሊዝም ክሳብ ዘሎ ጥራሕ ምኻኑ ምግንዛብ የድሊ።

The People of Tigray is a people who know its territorial borders, with unequivocal clarity. A People, who does not have a shred of doubt on its identity and territorial borderlines. It is a People, who cannot, has never had, and will never, in all possible imaginations, have the remotest of doubts on its identity and territorial borderlines; and it is a People who has concretely, laid out its strategic lines of struggle for Tigrean national integrity and sovereignty.

Praise for Dr/Professor Ghelawdewos Araia
Over the last three weeks, we have been flooded with numerous emails to express your appreciation and support to Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia contribution on the going democratic process in Africa in particular Ethiopia. 

We at Ethiopian Observer would like to share our heartfelt gratitude to all of you who participated in our praise project for Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia. After we announced the Praise initiative, we managed to collect earlier statements in admiration of Professor Ghelawdewos and we also received some praises directly sent to Ethiopian Observer, some of which are presented below in chronological order. 
As we have stated in our first announcement, Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia is “a man of integrity with unshakable principled stands on issues surrounding the liberation and freedom of the African people in general and the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ethiopia; above all, he is one of the high caliber Ethiopian scholars who for decades presented highly educational and balanced articles, essays, book reviews, blurbs, and commentaries.” Now, we are gratified that our evaluation of the professor, in fact, is well endorsed and corroborated by the many people who responded to our call.

Praise for Dr Ghelawdewos Araia September 30, 2018
The Ethiopian Observer will soon launch praise for Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia; and individuals, groups, and institutions are encouraged to send us their praise, and we will compile and post it. 

Tecola W. Hagos, 2 October 2018

Our Ethiopia is in big trouble. And we have a leader who is more interested in the trappings of Power and does not seem to understand his unique role as a leader of a country going through tremendous difficulties. It is time to remove such a leader and install a practical local-grounded individual. I want a sensitive, resolute, and visionary leader not someone who is fascinated by his recent toy (B787 Jetliners). Abiy Ahmed is a tragedy, despite all this suffering, he has not even established an emergency Commission especially dedicated to tackle the tumultuous displacements, killings, lootings et cetera all over the country. 

Cracking Open Ethiopia’s Political Can of Worms 

Professor Desta, Asayehgn 
In order to halt a late 2015 wave of anti-government protest and eventually stimulate political and socio-economic reforms, Ethiopians elected Dr. Abiy (hereafter referred as Abiy) Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia on April 2, 2018. After six months in power, instead of facilitating a peaceful and democratic pathway, Abiy appears more focused on self-aggrandizing and enhancing his popularity. By ignoring the parameters and ideological premises of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) in favor of various opposing groups, Abiy seems to further balkanize the Ethiopian state by opening a political can of worms.

Like the Bennu-Bird, Ethiopia Must Rise from the Ashes

IDEA Editorial

September 24, 2018

Ethiopia is a great nation that has proved to itself and the world its resilience against trying circumstances and outright colonial attempts and subjugations. For this reason and other factors, the country remained a jewel in the crown for Africa and pride as well as symbol of independence for the Black Diaspora. Ironically, however the present generation of Ethiopians seem to suffer from amnesia to the greatness of Ethiopia and the patriotic pan-Ethiopian agenda of its forebears, and on the contrary they have wittingly or unwittingly embraced narrow ethno-national proclivities and practices; hence, the present ethnic-warfare that has afflicted much of Ethiopia.

DECLARE STATE OF NATIONAL URGENCY (military takeover): Remove Abiy Ahmed, Arrest Terrorist Leaders
Tecola W Hagos [20 September 2018]
In general

In light of the barbaric and horrifying murders, rapes, dehumanizing treatments and looting of ethnic minorities in the suburbs of Addis Ababa on two consecutive days of 15 and 16 of September 2018, much has been written by journalists, and heart wrenching statements were also made by individuals who lived through the horrors. Similar attacks on minorities had been the characteristic feature of PM Abiy Ahmed’s reign of ineffective governance since his ascendance to the premiership “throne” on 2 April 2018. there is a narcissist Prime Minister who is more concerned about his personal fame and self-aggrandizement than the peace and stability of his Country and the security and welfare of his people and who is busy making useless and non-stop domestic and foreign visits (shirshirs) while his people are being slaughtered by armed thugs and terrorists, our domestic "ISIS" and his Country is being burned.” The removal of PM Abiy Ahmed from office is necessary and legitimate in order to save Ethiopia from lasting damage and disintegration.

Seb Hidri Civil Society Official Announcement


Press freedom remains elusive in Ethiopia By Abraham Fisseha
ADDIS ABABA, May 1 (AFP) — Freedom of the press in Ethiopia has remained as elusive as ever since the current government overthrew dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam in May 1991, Ethiopian media experts and lawyers said ahead of Monday’s World Press Freedom Day. "After the current government came to power more than a decade ago, press freedom has become increasingly elusive and the talk of it has only been for the consumption of international donors and financial institutions to attract their fundings," communications analyst Assefa Chewaka said.

Will the largest dam in Africa ever be completed?
The multi-billion dollar project has been dogged by disputes and delays.

The Grand Renaissance Dam being built by Ethiopia along the Nile is slated to be the largest hydroelectric power plant in Africa upon its completion.
But the multi-billion dollar project, which Ethiopia says is vital for its future economy, has been dogged by disputes and delays. Egypt and Sudan also rely on the river Nile. Although Ethiopian leaders deny the dam will cause water shortages, farmers in Egypt fear they will have less water to irrigate their fields. Talks between the countries have been deadlocked for months, and leaders have vowed to iron out their differences peacefully.Presenter: Elizabeth Puranam Guests:Timothy Kaldas - TIMEP political analysis,Yohannes Gedamu - political science lecturer, Georgia Gwinnett College,Harry Verhoeven - professor of government, Georgetown University
Source: Al Jazeera News

በእሳተ ገሞራ ውስጥ ያንቀላፋች ሀገር!!!”-  Tsegazeab: Lemlem

ታሪካችሁን ብታውቁ ምን ያህል አንድ ሕዝብ መሆናችሁን ትገነዘባላችሁ ልዩ መልእክት ለኢትዮጵያ ወጣቶች እና ለዩንቨርሲቲ ተማሪዎች 
ገላውዴዎስ ኣርኣያ ዶ/ር September 5, 2018 ነሐሴ ፴ ፪ሺ፲ 


In 1707, a boy no more than five years old left Axim, on the African Gold Coast, for Amsterdam, aboard a ship belonging to the Dutch West India Company. In those days, the trip to Europe took many weeks, but his arrival in the Dutch port was not the end of his long journey. He then had to travel another few hundred miles to Wolfenbüttel, the home of Anton Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

Ethiopia – Breaking the Dam for Western Debt Slavery

Ethiopia’s new Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is moving quickly to open up the strategic Horn of Africa country to Western capital. But far from the move being seen as a progressive reform, many Ethiopians and observers are concerned that the new direction is leading the nation into “debt slavery”. This is where the timing of the new World Bank funds earmarked for Ethiopia is suspicious. Those funds are likely to go into the coffers of a foreign contractor appointed to replace METEC. But it will be the Ethiopian nation that is saddled with paying off the “loan” – a debt which up to this juncture it has not had to contend with. In June, Ethiopia’s Abiy made his first foreign trip to Cairo where he was warmly received by President Abdel Fattah el Sisi. There was a remarkable change of position, with the Ethiopian leader giving assurances that the dam would be delayed to suit Egypt’s interests. Ethiopian sources noted how the PM recited a Muslim prayer to the Egyptian leader by way of giving assurance.
Ethiopia – Breaking the Dam for Western Debt Slavery

Are Ethiopia and Eritrea moving towards federation?
By Sal Younis

The first thing to say about this is that both the government of Ethiopia and Eritrea (in the person of Isaias Afwerki ONLY) had expressed their desire for this as early as 1993. Actually, shortly after Eritrea’s referendum on independence was held, Reuters reported (on May 3, 1993) that then-President Meles Zenawi “did not rule out confederation, a view shared by Eritrean leader Isayas Afewerki.” The second thing to say about this is that, on the merits, this may very well be the best arrangement for Eritreans and Ethiopians, but that’s hardly the point. The third thing to say about it, which will be the focus of this article, is that the author’s objection to it is that it is being done, at least from the perspective of Eritreans, 

Skyscrapers, trains and roads: How Addis Ababa came to look like a Chinese city
China's credit line to Africa has provoked criticism. Earlier this year, Rex Tillerson, then US Secretary of State, said that China's "predatory loan practices" in Africa "mire nations in debt and undercut their sovereignty, denying them their long-term, self-sustaining growth."
Ethiopia has taken at least $12.1 billion from Chinese creditors since 2000. But overall the country is $29 billion in the red -- it owes more collectively to the Middle East, the World Bank and others than to China. The same is true for the majority of African countries.

Envisioning Ethiopia’s Future 
Professor Desta, Asayehgn 

On the other hand, Abiy’s vision seems populist, evangelical and non-operational. Abiy’s concept of “Medemer” is too vague and his concept of MEDEMAR has become a laughable concept. Opposing his own party, the OPDO, Abiy seems to be entertaining the formation of a centralized Federal system in Ethiopia. For example, he intervened to dismantle the leadership structures of the autonomous regional Ethiopian Somaliland and the Southern region rather than allowing them to solve their domestic problems. 

Why Ethiopians believe their new prime minister is a prophet
By Jenni Marsh, CNN 

Ahmed Shide, minister of government communication affairs, did not reply to CNN's request for comment. Abiy did not reply to multiple CNN requests for interview. perhaps the biggest concern is that "Abiymania," and the faith it confers, will blind Ethiopians to the potential flaws of their leader, and weaken the democratic process. Natasha Ezrow, a professor in the department of government at Essex University in England, says: "We should be cautious of leaders who emerge and appear to be a messiah for everybody." Ethiopia, she adds, has "no institutions for democracy" and is "used to a strong man." Unless Abiy implements significant checks on his own power, then it will be hard to avoid a dictatorship, she says.

GERD might not see light: Ethiopian PM
Farah Tawfeek

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed announced on Saturday that Ethiopia’s Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) might not be completed, the Ethiopian News Agency (ENA) reported.
In a press conference, Ahmed said the project was scheduled to be completed in five years, but was unable due to the failed administration as well as meddling from the Metal and Engineering Corporation (METEC), a company under the management of the Ethiopian Defense Forces.

ይች ጥሬ ካአደረች አትቆረጠምም።

Tecola W Hagos (24 August 2018)

The Future of Ethiopia: Developmental State or Political Marketplace?
Alex de Waal

I find much of the commentary on Ethiopia’s current predicament to be polarized, generalized or not sufficiently attuned to the specifics of the country’s recent history. In my case, one prism through which I interpret Ethiopian developments is the analysis derived from numerous discussions that I had with Meles Zenawi between 1988 and 2012. I initially developed the framework of the ‘political marketplace’ as a critique of Meles’s theory of the ‘democratic developmental state’. In particular, I saw monetized or marketized politics as a threat to the stateled developmental order that Meles envisioned: I argued that as well as the two scenarios he envisaged, namely economic transformation versus a relapse into poverty and chaos, there was a third: a political marketplace.

Ethiopia’s Political Trajectory: From Meles to Abiy Ahmed. By Teodros Kiros (Ph.D.) 08/22/2018
Meles and his idea of the Developmental State had put Ethiopia on the modernity project, the central ideas of which can be summarized as follows.
The development of the Ethiopian nation must be assumed as the defining task of the State. The State must guide all the necessary components of a functional state, the economy with its central institutions including the banks, education, infrastructure and parts of civil society. All the subordinate parts of the state must follow directives articulated by the state and then processed by the appropriate functionaries of the state, most particularly the bureaucrats. 

የመካለኛ ምሥራቅ፤ የቀይ ባህር እና የአፍሪካ ቀንድ ጂኦፖለቲካ
የኢትዮጵያ ወቅታዊ ሁኔታና መጻዒ ጉዞ

ከሲዒድ መሓመድ ቲያም

Torpedoing Africa, and then complaining about 'migration'
European countries are still shaping the lives of millions of Africans, determining both their present and future.

Lorenzo Kamel by Lorenzo Kamel 
Out of the 67 coups in 26 African countries in the last 50 years, 61 percent took place in former French colonies. Fifty percent of the monetary reserves of 14 African countries are still today under full French control: none of them has any control over its macroeconomic and monetary policy. France makes billions of euros from Africa annually under the form of "reserves", and lend part of the same money to its owners on market rates. Instead of tackling these epochal challenges and acknowledging that 87 percent of world refugees are hosted in low and middle-income countries, a number of European politicians and millions of average citizens have chosen the "easiest path": they are invoking a Europe-wide alliance against "mass immigration", or, more precisely, quoting Italy's Interior Minister Matteo Salvini, "a League of the Leagues of Europe, bringing together all the free and sovereign movements that want to defend their people and their borders".

Vision and the Politics of Ethiopianity: The leadership of Abiy Ahmed. By Teodros Kiros (Ph.D.

I would like to begin below with what I wrote on Ethiopianity and Independent Thinking a few years ago to frame my present argument that Ethnic consciousness is mediated by positive ethnicity and National Consciousness and that the two are inextricably intertwined. I argue further that ethnic consciousness, anchored on positive ethnicity, is the material infrastructure for the superstructure of culture. By Positive Ethnicity, I understand, “a modality in which an individual humbly takes pride in one’s geographical belonging and celebrates the cultural ornaments of his/ethnic group, the language, the dances, the music and the cuisines, as expressions of diversity.” (Abbay Media, Zehabesha, Ethiopia 360, January 9, 2018

Ethiopia in Turmoil of US, Saudi-Backed Coup, Not ‘Reforms’
Nearly five months after a change in power in Ethiopia, the country is witnessing an outbreak of deadly communal violence in several regions. The surge in conflict has come after many years of political stability in the Horn of Africa nation, stirring fears that the country may be facing widespread chaos and even break-up. There have also been other deadly clashes in southern, central and western regions. Notably, the sparse Western media coverage tends to depict the violence as occurring in spite of “reformist” Abiy Ahmed. Whereas, more accurately, the surge in violence appears to be the responsibility of the new ruling faction around the prime minister.

Political Leadership and Political Economy in Contemporary Ethiopian Politics
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD August 16, 2018

As far as I am concerned, politics is not just about power although the latter is, without doubt, the unit currency in leadership and governance. Politics is the administration of the state and the people, and the sources for the legitimacy of power are the people. On top of my definition of politics, a political leader for me is one who is farsighted, visionary, creative, innovative, change agent, and one who (s/he) is really committed to the people. On top of these qualities, the individual and/or collective leadership ought to revive the glory of Ethiopia (its ancient and medieval civilizations), not only for the sake of pride and psychological satisfaction, but also to use it as a fulcrum to mobilize Ethiopians toward forging their country into an industrial hub and economic success.

የዶ/ር አቢይ አህመድ "የፍቅር፣ የለውጥ፣ የመደመርና የአንድነት" ራእይ መልካም ጅማሮ ወዴት ያደርሰይሆን?
ከድልበቶ ደጎዬ ዋቆ፣ 06/11/2010

“የህጻንያዊነት የሥልጣን ፖለቲካ - በኢትዮጵያ”

ፀጋዝአብ ለምለም ተስፋይ የኢኮኖሚክስ መምህርና ጸሓፊ

(ሸክም የበዛበት ትውልድ፡ 2009 እና የምሥራቃዊት ኮከብ፡ 2010 መጻሕፍት አዘጋጅ)

Ethiopia Violence A Concern Despite Reform Promises
Government Should Address Killings in Somali and Oromia Regions
Maria Burnett Director, East Africa and the Horn

In Jijiga, capital of the restive Somali region, a youth group known as Heego, which is loyal to the region’s former president Abdi Illey, and the region’s paramilitary Liyu police carried out attacks earlier this month that left many people dead. The Ethiopian Orthodox church said eight of its churches were burned, and more than 15 people, including 7 priests, were killed. Hundreds of people reportedly took shelter in a church compound after their homes were destroyed. The Ethiopian Human Rights Commission said its Jijiga office was also attacked, with offices burned and staff beaten. Officials said they believe the attackers were trying to stop the Commission’s recent investigation into human rights abuses in the area.

UAE Plans Pipeline From Ethiopia To Eritrea In Latest Horn of Africa Move
by Reuters|Maggie Fick & George Obulutsa

NAIROBI, Aug 10 (Reuters) - The United Arab Emirates plans to build an oil pipeline connecting Eritrea and Ethiopia, the latest sign of the Gulf state's increasing involvement in the Horn of Africa.
The pipeline will run from Eritrea's port city of Assab to Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa, an Ethiopian official said. Landlocked Ethiopia began extracting crude oil on a test basis from reserves in the country's southeast in June and will need access through Eritrea in order to export it.
Ethiopian broadcaster Fana first reported the pipeline plan earlier on Friday following a meeting in Addis Ababa between Ethiopia Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and Reem Al Hashimy, the UAE's minister of state for international cooperation.


ብርሌ ከነቃ፣ አይሆንም ዕቃ። 
Tecola W Hagos (7 August 2018)
1. In General

PM Abiy Ahmed is not the leader we all thought Godsend. This is not something personal, for I like Abiy Ahmed as an individual. However, in such short period since his visit here in the United States, much has come to light that has made me to look at the current Leaders far more closely and objectively, and I find them lacking and dangerous to the very existence of Ethiopia as a nation. I heard Abiy Ahmed repeatedly making totally misleading and insulting remarks about the struggle of members of the TPLF in the prolonged fight of seventeen years waged against Mengistu Hailemariam, the brutal genocidal coward who run off stealing millions when he realized of the eminent defeat of his poorly lead Army in 1991. Abiy Ahmed with his convoluted sense of historical facts about the sacrifices of tens of thousands of TPLF warriors, disparaged the entire Tygrean population with insightful words and phrases such as የቀን ጅቦች Yeken Jiboach. The age-old wisdom expressed in the Amharic language tells us the time tasted truth that once there is a serious crack in a glassware, no amount of mending can restore it to its original use. By analogy, if there is a serious breach of trust in a tightly held organization, that organization will not survive in its original form. ብርሌ ከነቃ አይሆንም ዕቃ።

Politics inside the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church

Fitih Tekalegn

I was in Addis Ababa when Abunna Markorios, the former Patriarch of Ethiopia fled the country. If Ato Tamrat’s testimony is that he left the country under duress, it is far from the truth. Abunna MArkorios happened to have been a very passive Patriarch who failed to defend the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. The Patriarch before him, Abunna Tewoflos was murdered by Derg, the military junta and buried on the threshold of the palace and Abunna MArkarios did not raise a finger. When EPRDF entered Addis Ababa after it toppled the military, the patriarch was in a state of panic and sought shelter at American Embassy. Tewahedo Church, which stands at a crossroads. It has taken a step on the wrong path; it could pull back the starting foot into the cross in order to rethink, dialogue and discuss to reach a better consensus. Should it ignore the red flags and proceed on the path it is about to start, the institutional values and respect accorded it will vanish.

“Shithole” Psychedelic Psychobabble and Menelik’s 3rd Stunt 
Ethiopian commentator Commentary 

On 18 February 1975, (1967), a handful of idealist Tigrayans committed themselves to solve a fundamental problem bedeviling the people of Tigray. The scope was later expanded to address Ethiopia’s existential threat posed by the issue of the Nations and Nationalities for self-determination. 

Reconciliation Efforts Must Speed Up to Defuse Tensions in Ethiopia
August 04, 2018 11:54 AM
Lisa Schlein

The UN refugee agency is ramping up life-saving aid to nearly one million people displaced by violence in southwestern Ethiopia and is urging accelerated reconciliation efforts to defuse tensions in the region. As its name implies, the UN refugee agency's mandate is to assist and protect refugees. But, at the request of the Ethiopian government, it is extending its humanitarian support to include the nearly one million Ethiopians internally displaced by intercommunal violence in the Gedeo and West Guji areas.

Tecola W Hagos August 1, 2018
“Out of the crooked timber of humanity, no straight thing was ever made.” Immanuel Kant, [Trans. Isaiah Berlin]

As I stated above the death of Engineer Semegnew Bekele is far more important and most significant challenge facing Ethiopia than the feel-good visit of Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopian Diaspora in the United States. At times, the visit seems absurd and pointless. A legitimate question that one could ask is whether the PM achieved what he was aiming at by coming to the United States that he could not have achieved by delaying his trip by few months. This is a rhetorical question of degrees rather than an inquiry for absolutist answers. Despite the efficient program/itinerary of the PM there were serious errors,

As Ethiopian PM Rounds Off US Tour, What Lies Behind 'Soft Coup' in Addis Ababa?

Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has been in power for only four months but already he has signed a peace deal with Eritrea and released political prisoners. Sputnik spoke to Negasi Tesfaye, a political observer in Addis Ababa, about what lies behind the changes. "Behind the scenes there was definitely involvement of the US State Department and the United Arab Emirates in orchestrating a ‘soft coup' in Ethiopia to expel the Chinese from the Horn of Africa and punish Djibouti for expelling (Dubai-owned) DP World (which had run its container terminal)," Mr. Tesfaye told Sputnik."There's also rumors that security guards and a chauffeur were removed from Bekele just days before he was killed. He was ordered not to give interviews according to some social media users, which explains why he sounds so nervous in his final interview in BBC Amharic just one day before his murder," Mr. Tesfaye told Sputnik.

2018/2019 Planning, Land Use & Zoning Committee
Planning, Land Use, and Zoning Committee Special Meeting - Public Hearing 7/31/18
Agenda: Chair's Report; CF 314346: University of Washington Major Institution Master Plan - presentation & public hearing.

Planning, Land Use, and Zoning Committee Special Meeting Public Hearing 7/31/18

Ethiopians want love and forgiveness. But they want justice too
In its long history, Ethiopia has seen a few political contours. These range from politics based on alleged divine will to scientific materialism – as a rejection of divine ascription – and to ethno-linguistic politics. While political personalities greatly differed from one another, one can legitimately argue that authoritarianism, the use of force and fear as a means of governing was common to all of them. The language of love and reconciliation also colours his diplomatic agenda. His positive message of togetherness has won friendship with Djibouti, Sudan, South Sudan, Somaliland and even Eritrea. Doubtless, this approach is his greatest strength. Because of it, he has amassed political capital both at home and abroad. But, it could be his greatest weakness too. There are those who oppose him and are prepared to use violence to stop his reform agenda, and render the country ungovernable. Besides sporadic ethnic clashes, there have been some high profile assassinations (and an attempted assassination) that remained shrouded in mystery.

The Killing of Engineer Simegnew Bekele will not Deter Ethiopians from Completing the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

IDEA Editorial  July 27, 2018

July 26, 2018 or Hamle 19, 2010 (EC) will be remembered as the saddest day in Ethiopian history. The great Engineer and hero Simegnew Bekele has fallen victim to the enemies of Ethiopia who hired mercenaries to do their mission in obstructing and if possible halting the completion of the GERD. Ethiopia indeed has lost one of her brightest and brave sons, but the paid agents and the sponsoring governments (or political groups) are too naïve and too shortsighted to entertain such a foolish idea of deterring Ethiopians from completing the Dam by just shooting and killing the chief engineer.

Tecola w Hagos (23 July 2018)

Human beings are not numerical values, variables, nor symbols. Thus, PM Abiy’s analogy of medemer (መደመር) is not appropriate. For example, it adds horrible ex-Derg Officials along with members and leaders of Terrorist Organizations into the mix with innocent and upright Ethiopians.
Kassa Kebede, a pathological liar, asserted that he had heard I was involved in the nationalization of his residential property. I did no such thing. I advocated for the return of residential properties including investment real-estate to the owners, at the time I was in the Transitional Government in 1991-1992. He also boasted that he would have had United States Citizenship if he had wanted. Not in a million years, for the immigration Laws of the United States and the Government policies are strict to granting Citizenship to individuals with backgrounds of membership in political organizations that practiced extra judicial executions, mass detentions, torture et cetera and especially those who were at the highest leadership structure.

Eritrean,Ethiopian leaders hail UAE's role in ending conflict
Wam /Abu Dhabi
Filed on July 24, 2018 | Last updated on July 24, 2018

The African leaders hailed, in particular, the UAE's role in establishing security and stability in the Horn of Africa region.Eritrean and Ethiopian leaders have thanked the UAE and Saudi Arabia for their contribution in ending years of conflict between the two African countries. The UAE and Saudi Arabia "spared no effort" to help the two neighbouring countries reestablish good relations for the sake of their people and the wider region, the leaders said. This cameat the end of an official tripartite meeting in Abu Dhabi between His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces; Isaias Afwerki, President of Eritrea; and Dr Abiy Ahmed, Prime Minister of Ethiopia.

Eritrean Port of Massawa Ready to Give Services to Ethiopia
Addis Ababa, Jul 24 (Prensa Latina) Eritrea prepared the port of Massawa to contribute to the flow of Ethiopian import and export of basic products. The Ethiopian Herald newspaper reviewed in its digital version statements by the director of the Port Administration of that marine enclave, Layne Asfahaley, who pointed out that an intensive phase of renovation of infrastructures has concluded to adequately fulfill those purposes. A delegation from the Ethiopian business community also made a visit there to assess the situation of the port, which this nation could not use for 20 years after the break of relations with Asmara.

Press release SebHidri

It became a mode of operand to spread false news for this newly created ethnocentric demagoguery YouTube media called Voice of Amhara, Ethio Media Forum and Tena adam internet radio. Your forum should not be a conduit to hate mongers to spew hate and propaganda. With no evidence what amounted to smear campaign faceless and fast-moving assault on the integrity of SebHidri members and organization.  Sebhidri was born out of the heroic concern of Tigreans; our name should not be teetered by cyber foot soldiers to trash smear campaign. The purpose of our organization is to tackles development deficits by building the institutions necessary for good governance and ensuring genuine participation in a democracy in our Tigrai, to ensure that there is effective participation, transparency, responsiveness, consensus orientation, equity, inclusiveness and accountability. These are values which form the bedrock of our democracy.

ግልጽ ደብዳቤ

ለክቡር የኢትዮጵያ ፌደራላዊ ዴሞክራስያዊ ሪፖብሊክ መንግስት ጠቅላይ ሚንስተር  ዶክተር አብይ አህመድ ያለ ምንም ደም

ኢትዮጵያ ትቅደም !  

Rotten and Fractured Beyond Repair EPRDF no More: Strategic Emergency Exit for TPLF
Mogos Abraham, PhD
    19 Jul. 2018
The Essence of Time

Time heals time kills: there is strategic time for every action humans take. It was strategic decision of the Tigrai Peoples’ Liberation Front (TPLF) that led to the creation of the Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). After liberating Tigrai from the savagery of Mengistu Hailemaraim’s military junta, the Derg, TPLF decided to liberate the whole Ethiopia. To that end, the Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM), the Oromo Peoples’ Democratic Organization (OPDO), the Southern Ethiopia Peoples’ Democratic Movement (SEPDM), and the TPLF forged a coalition called EPRDF. As the name implies, EPRDF is “a liberation front” formed to defeat a common enemy, the Derg. 

Obama Foundation Leaders: Africa Convening Concludes with Town Hall with President Obama 
President Obama greets students at Far North Secondary School during a service project to commemorate Mandela Day with Obama Foundation Leaders in Johannesburg. JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA – On 18 July the Obama Foundation concluded its Leaders: Africa gathering of 200 rising leaders from 44 countries with a Town Hall with President Obama.

Is Ethiopia on the brink?
July 18, 2018 Written by MOSES KHISA

The country may well be on the brink of the most fundamental turnaround in its politics and economics. Ethiopia’s modern political history can be roughly divided into three major periods: the monarchy’s imperial rule, briefly overthrown by the Italians in 1935 but restored after World War II until Emperor Haile Selassie was ignominiously deposed in 1974; the bloody military junta period of Colonel Mengistu Hailemariam who cleverly hijacked the popular revolution of 1974 but was overthrown in 1991; and finally the era since 1991 of ‘revolutionary democracy’ but which in practice was blunt authoritarianism under Meles Zenawi.

I. In General

Before I recovered from watching in the Internet the dazzling, completely exhausting, and emotionally draining events of the visit by PM Abiy Ahmed of Asmara/Eritrea, now I am dealing with no less exhausting and emotionally draining events of the historic visit by Pres Issaias Afeworki of Addis Ababa/Ethiopia, which was just concluded. As PM Abiy emphasizes often, the process of healing starts with forgiveness and reconciliation. And I may add that the sheer joy of being in the home of a long-sought after Family member would seal the familial bond all over again. I did find some annoying behavior by PM Abiy, in an otherwise positive week, in what seems to be a deliberate exclusion of TPLF’s Representatives from visibility in such public ceremonies of welcome.  The new PM Abiy’s Government and the official Ethiopian broadcasting professionals seem to be very narrowly partisans against Tygreans not just the TPLF. There seems to be a very nasty undercurrent against TPLF and by extension against Tygreans in the current extremely exaggerated expression of friendship to Issaias Afeworki and to Eritreans.

Ethiopia - Discussion on current issue with Gidey Zeratsion & Dr Aregawi Berhe JULY 2018

Economic geology value of oil shale deposits: Ethiopia (Tigray) and Jordan
Yohannes Yihdego, Hilmi S. Salem, Bediaku G. Kafui & Zarko Veljkovic

Oil shale is an organic-rich, fine-grained sedimentary rock, containing kerogen, from which liquid hydrocarbons (called shale oil) can be produced. The oil shale deposits in the Tigray region are found in the northern parts of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa. They are of Upper Paleozoic in age, existing as remnants of the Cretaceous erosion period, underlain by tillites and overlain by sandstones. They were formed during the glacial retreat followed by marine deposition of shales in a basin created by the enormous load of the glaciers. The Ethiopian-Tigray oil shale deposits cover an area extending over approximately 30 km2, with an average mineable bed-thickness of 55 m, showing on the upper part inter-beds and laminations of shaley limestones. The oil shale resources in this region are estimated to be approximately 4 billion tonnes. The exploitation of the Ethiopian-Tigray oil shale deposits is an excellent alternative to fulfill the fuel and other petroleum products’ demand of Ethiopia. This study sheds light on the oil shale resources in the Ethiopian region of Tigray, as they are fairly investigated, regarding their geological characterization, and future strategies for their exploration and exploitation 

Tecola W Hagos (July 9, 2018)

I. Introduction
There are several variations of the proverbial that express similar sentiment as in the title of this article. One that comes readily to mind is the expression “Tell me your friends and I will tell you who you are.” If we take that adage seriously, we would completely accept the surrealistic event that just happened in both Addis Ababa (earlier) and in Asmara in these past couple of days. I can see that I was wrong in undermining the two Leaders (PM Abiy Ahmed and Pres Issaias Afeworki) for I was totally wrong in writing my highly skeptical view about peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea due to the Border dispute. I am very glad that I was proven wrong in that peace and friendship is possible between Ethiopia and Eritrea. You both have proven to me that you both are far complex personalities and far more perceptive and truly courageous than I am. I am obviously making tautological statement here, for you are leaders of countries, and I am a sideshow scribbler who should know better to use his time productively. I owe you both an apology. Sorry for my hasty and harsh defeatist remarks.

The Ascendance of a New Regime and Contradictory Policies and Measures in Ethiopian Politics
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD July 4, 2018

As always, the Ethiopian phenomenon is complicated, complex, and shrouded in mystery to say the least. Given the admixture of a lingering feudal mode of thinking (the mode of production is done away with) with unpolished and haphazard modernity (considering the exposure of Ethiopians to Western values and technology), obscurantism in the Ethiopian political culture is not surprising. Hybrid politics, however, is dangerous because it tears apart Ethiopians between the archaic framework of thinking and the relatively science-based general orientation. Ethiopians, thus, are suspended between two irreconcilable poles, and adding fuel to the fire, the present generation of Ethiopians are even in a much worse condition for the following reasons:

No Land Locking of Ethiopia and Alienation of Ethiopian Citizens

By Tecola Worq Hagos
Conclusion - Abstract:
a) High jacking the Prime Minister
The popularity of PM Dr Abiy Ahmed across all members of the Ethiopian society is quite impressive and uplifting. On a closer look of the phenomenon, I see some bizarre development in this unusual positive reaction to a leader rooted in the EPRDF. In the Diaspora communities of Ethiopians, the most enthusiastic supporters of PM Abiy in such groups seem to come from former Derg supporters and possibly Red Terror participants, ex-members of Mengistu’s security personnel, members of subversive movements, 

Neoliberalism Imperialism Creating a Fragile Ethiopian State: Foretelling Irreversible Tragedies
Part I Mogos Abraham, PhD

Weakness, fragility, and failure of a governance system are sequenced sociopolitical and economic conditions that cause national tragedies. Consider, for example, the nation state of Somalia, Ethiopia’s immediate neighbor. It failed about 30 years ago to function as a nation of law and order; and remains a tragically failed country. Somalia has become a budgetary burden to the UN and the AU; and a peace and security nightmare to Ethiopia. By all indicators, Ethiopia appears to have passed the threshold of a weak state to a fragile state, approaching the tragedy of a failed state.
What is going on in Ethiopia? For no reason other than whom they are, hundreds of Ethiopians are being murdered and their properties being torched, while others are being uprooted and internally displaced. All these human miseries are happening, while the EPRDF regime is watching it all. EPRDF has become impotent completely. Why?

The construction industry - a key partner in the economic integration of the continent envisaged by the African Continental Free Trade Area
By Mokate Ramafoko, PPC Managing Director: International Operations 

The world recently witnessed the signing of the biggest free trade area by Heads of African Governments in Kigali. Signed in March this year, the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) is the largest such free trade area when one considers the number of countries involved. The African continent currently consists of 55 countries, with 55-odd currencies (some have chosen to adopt the US dollar), 55 regulatory frameworks and, in simple terms, 55 different sets of red tape. This scenario means doing business on the African continent can be challenging, both for foreign and domestic investors

Revisiting Badme: The following two articles were authored by Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia , and for readers and researchers interested to fully understand the essence of the articles and also to make reflections on the Border Commission decision following the Algiers Agreement between Ethiopia and Eritrea in 2000, it is imperative to read: 1) No amount of jubilation can hide Ethiopia’s territorial loss (2002); 2)The “Alternative Mechanism” Should Uphold Ethiopian Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity (2003) and the links for the above titles respectively are: http://ethiomedia.com/commentary/ghelawdewos_on_border_ruling.html and http://ethiomedia.com/press/uphold_ethiopian_sovereignty.html

Ethiopia Betrayed


By Excellency Belay Abay

To be recalled The Tigrean International Solidarity for Justice and Democracy held its 4th annual conference on August 21, 2004 in Washington D.C. The conference dealt with the border issue in great detail. A very important paper was presented by his Excellency Ato Belai Abay on the situation of the border issue. Solidarity's struggle with the core of the ideals for the last 2 years was that Meles acted as an agent appointed to destroy Ethiopia, and that he has secretly signed an agreement with Shaebia to cede vast territories from Tigrai and Afar.  No matter what Meles policy promoters disseminate, the noose is around their neck. Now an inch of an Ethiopian sovereign land can cost them an end to the life in politics. The time has come and the deceit is crumbling like a house of cards. Many Scholars exposed the sinister motive of Meles Zenawi and Co. In this research paper the author exposed the 1977 territorial agreement between EPLF which outlined the specific areas the TPLF agreed upon. You judge for yourself after reading the research paper that history, no matter how much spin is done, the truth still comes out.

Ethiopian  observer editors believes the article is still relevant to highlight the betrayal of Ethiopia.

Meles Zenawi, Dump the 2000 Algiers Agreement,
and Invalidate, Terminate, and Void the Boundary Commission and Its Decision
By Tecola W. Hagos
I. Statement of Fact

The United Nations’ new Secretary General Ban Ki-moon stated on 6 November 2007 that the Eritrean Government’s deployment of its forces and militarization of the Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) [here after “Buffer Zone”], which Zone was to be kept free of militarization by the Eritrean government as part of the peace process pursuant to the 2000 Algiers Agreement, was a violation of that peace agreement. A year earlier, the previous Secretary General Cofi Annan stated before he left office that Eritrea had violated the Peace Treaty by moving tanks and its soldiers in the Buffer Zone. There is no question that the Eritrean Government has violated both the letter and spirit of the 2000 Algiers Agreement. There are numerous instances where there have been violations by the Eritrean Government of the 2000 Algiers Agreement since it signed that agreement seven years ago.

ካብ ነበር ተጋዳላይ ብስራት አማረ

ዜና ዕረፍቲ ተጋዳላይ ክብሮም ገብረማርያም

ዕረፍቲ ብጻይ ተጋዳላይ ክብሮም አብዚ እዋን ብዕደመ ይኩን ክረክቦ ዝግባእ ዓለማዊ ቅሳነት ብዕድሚኡ ልክዕ ከይረከበ አብ 62 ዓመቱ ምዕራፉ ዝሕዝን እዩ፡፡ ይትረፍ ንቤተ ሰቡ ንክብሮም ዝፈለጥ ኩሉ ክሓዝን እዩ፡፡ አብ 1968 . ናብ ህወሓት ዝተጸንበረ ብጻይ ክቡር ተጋዳላይ ክብሮም ካብቶም ውሑዳት አዝዮም ጽጹይ ስነምግባርን አብ ጽርየትን ብስለትን ዝተመስረተ ሰራሓቲ ምፍጻም ዝክእሉ ተጋደልቲ ሓደ እዩ ኔሩ፡፡

The Association of Gedeo Community in North America and Europe

From: The Association of Gedeo Community in North America and Europe

Ethnic Gedeo cleansing in West-Guji and Guji Zone of Oromia region has to stop immediately

You’re Excellency,

We have been optimistic about the current political atmosphere and the fresh air of hope flowing in the country since you have assumed the premier position. We understand that you came to this position at the very critical time where ethnic tensions were high, state apparatuses were collapsing, and the country was on the crossroad. Thousands have lost their lives and their properties and become a victim of massive displacement because of the mal-governance of the local administrators. Unfortunately, however, this ethnic cleansing and massive displacement steadily continued to happen in Ethnic Gedeos who have been living in Oromia region for the millennials.

ሬድዮ ስኒት - እዋናዊ ኩነታት ሃገርና - June 08, 2018 - Interview with Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia

Trade liberalization in context

44 African economies signed in March an ambitious treaty in order to form the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). The goal is to eliminate tariffs on 90% of goods. The rationale behind more regional integration is to trade between equals and limit the share of vertical trade (exports of commodities and imports of capital). It should help ascend the value chain and increase the share of manufactured goods in African exports, since manufactured goods represent 43% of intra-African exports and less than 20% of African exports to other regions (75% is driven by commodities). The current predominance of commodity exports makes growth procyclical to commodity prices. Sizeable output volatility deters economic development.

Opinion: Ethiopia's peace offer comes with strings attached
Ethiopia's new prime minister Abiy Ahmed wants to recognize a longstanding peace deal with Eritrea. That's good news after 20 years of hostility but it's too early to celebrate, writes Ludger Schadomsky.

Ethiopia finally recognises 2000 border ruling with Eritrea
By Robert Hackwill

Eritrea invaded, and tens of thousands died or were taken prisoner on both sides.
Eritrea had been a province of Ethiopia until a 1993 referendum established independence. Eritrean fighters had helped in the overthrow of Ethiopia's military dictatorship and fought a 30-year war of independence. The country's creation transformed Ethiopia into a landlocked country.

Gratification and Gratitude for the Reemergence of Pan-Ethiopian Agenda & Discerning the Invisible Hand in Ethiopian Politics: Special Message to PM Abiye Ahmed
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD May 26, 2018

The main title of the article is pretty much clear; the companion title, however, is not quite obvious and intelligible, but I will make it comprehensible to the reader when I delve into the current Ethiopian politics. As always, I will try to be objective and fair in my overall analysis and investigative discourse pertaining to the recent political change in Ethiopia.
The TGE’s policy of Kilil and self-determination is commendable, but the consequence of fragmentation as a result of new wave of ethnic political consciousness, and the inability of some minority nationalities to become economically and politically viable, would ultimately preoccupy Ethiopians to otherwise unforeseen problem. 

The formation of Tigrai cultural troop and its historical genesis.

Courtesy of ETV


The Fallen Obelisk of Aksum

Ethiopian Observer Editorial

In his most recent article entitled Gratification and Gratitude for the Reemergence of Pan-Ethiopian Agenda, Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia proposed, among many other suggestions he presented, the erection of the fallen obelisk of Aksum. Professor Ghelawdewos is a leading Ethiopian scholar in education, international studies, political economy, and history, and a prolific writer on contemporary and current issues; he has contributed hundreds of scholarly works, not to mention his books on Ethiopia in English, Amharic, and Tigrigna. He also has written extensively on areas pertaining to his field of expertise mentioned above. What makes Dr. Ghelawdewos different from other writers is that his writings are objective, balanced, educational, and original; and with this unique style and integrity, he has been producing articles that reflect divergent issues and that could be considered blue prints for discussion forums, researchers, and individual readers. On top of this, Dr. Araia is the founder and president of the Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA).

Swapping Ethiopia’s Debt for the Construction of Adwa Pan African University

Professor Desta, Asayehgn
Against odds, Ethiopian patriots won a decisive victory over the aggressive colonial Italian army at the battle of Adwa on March 1, 1896. Consequently, the Battle of Adwa helped Ethiopia maintain its sovereignty while inspiring other African countries that had been defeated and divided by European colonizers. After the victory, Ethiopia served as a role model for the entire black race, even inspiring other colonized countries worldwide to repulse aggression with dignity and to assert their own independence. For instance, Japan employed several of Ethiopia’s heroic strategies from the Battle of Adwa to liberate itself from Russia’s aggression in 1904 (Levine, 2014). More importantly, the Battle of Adwa forced the Italian invaders to shed their long-held and false illusions about the black race. 

Obama Foundation Announces New Program to Train Emerging Leaders Across Africa
The Obama Foundation has announced a new addition to its international programs: the Obama Foundation Leaders: Africa. This one-year leadership development and civic engagement program will train and support 200 promising young leaders across Africa working in government, civil society, and the private sector. The Foundation received nearly 10,000 applications for 200 slots.
The Obama Foundation Leaders: Africa program will launch in Johannesburg, South Africa with a five-day convening. The convening will run from July 14 through July 18 and include plenary sessions, problem-solving workshops, and technical trainings that will help these young emerging leaders drive positive change throughout Africa.

Exiled Ethiopian Dictator Credited For Masterminding November Coup With Chiwenga That Ousted Mugabe
by MT

Exiled and fallen Ethiopian autarch, Mengistu Haile Mariam, who is thought to have had an invisible hand in last November’s Operation Restore Legacy, which was launched by the military to oust former leader, Robert Mugabe, has had his secret kingmaker powers in Zimbabwe increased following his alleged closet appointment and promotion as Vice President Rtd General Constantino Chiwenga’s special advisor, Spotlight Zimbabwe, can exclusively reveal. It remains to be seen what will happen to him now that his host, Robert Mugabe, has been removed from power.The former cabinet minister also said it was Mengistu who had also suggested to Chiwenga not to completely “retire” from the ZDF, but to retain power and control of the military by running the ministry of defense, and taking care of the liberation war veterans to consolidate influence and position himself for ultimate takeover of the presidency when the time comes.

Ethiopia Calls on London Museum to Repatriate Objects Looted 150 Years Ago
The call, by Ethiopia’s ambassador for the UK, followed a suggestion earlier this month by the director of the Victoria & Albert Museum that the objects could be given on long-term loan.
Earlier this month, the Victoria and Albert Museum (V&A) offered to return, on long-term loan, objects to Ethiopia that British troops looted 150 years ago. The arrangement was proposed ahead of an exhibition showing the museum’s collection of treasures seized at Maqdala. But the Ethiopian government says that such a gesture is not sufficient, and that it will continue to seek permanent return of the artifacts.Claire Voon

Ethiopia says British museum must permanently return its artifacts
Kumerra Gemechu

ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) - Britain must permanently return all artifacts from Ethiopia held by the Victoria and Albert Museum and Addis Ababa will not accept them on loan, an Ethiopian government official said. The call comes after the museum, one of London’s most popular tourist attractions, put Ethiopian treasures plundered by British forces on display. “Well, it would be exciting if the items held at the V&A could be part of a long-term loan with a cultural institution in Ethiopia,” museum director Tristram Hunt said.

Ethiopian businesses let down by new PM’s stance April 24 2018 
By Aaron Maasho And Maggie Fick/Addis Ababa

Local business leaders at a banquet in Ethiopia’s capital last week were hoping the new Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed would tell them he planned to loosen the state’s grip on the economy.
He took power on April 2 promising a “new political beginning”. But four people who heard his dinner speech said he signalled he would stick with policies to keep the government’s hand in sectors such as infrastructure, banking and telecoms. Ethiopia has let foreign companies such as fashion chain H&M set up factories in a decade-long push to change the economic focus from agriculture exports, such as coffee, to manufacturing.

Possible Challenges for the Newly Elected Prime Minister of Ethiopia 
Professor Asayehgn Desta

Image result for Dr. Abiyâ??sLast Tuesday, March 27, 2018, the Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporation announced Dr. Abiy Ahmed’s landslide election to Chair the ruling party, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). Voters elected Dr. Abiy assuming he was a progressive voice, a reformist, cue-taker, open to suggestion, and because he has a proven ability to divert profound social crises in his hometown, a point he developed into his doctoral dissertation. Despite Prime Minister Hailemariam’s resignation and the public’s opposition to the government’s state of emergency declared in February 16, 2018 tailored to uphold the rule of law and stem a wave of anti-government protests, the Oromo youth’s anti-government protests that emerged in late 2015 and gradually spread to the northern part of the Amhara region of Ethiopia, demanding more political inclusion, economic equality and social justice. Thus, protesters temporarily suspended changes in decision-making process immediately after Dr. Abiy’s victory (Quartz Africa, Feb, 16, 2018). 

IDEA Hails the Africa Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA)

IDEA Editorial                                                 March 30, 2018

Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD

We at the Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) are delighted to witness the launching of the continental free trade area that would, in effect, supersede all existing regional blocs like ECOWAS, SADC, COMESA, etc without contradicting or contravening the mission and objectives of the latter. At long last, the Africa must Unite motto of the 1958 Accra conference, then attended by only eight independent African countries, will become a reality. On May26 1963, the pan-African movement to unite Africa culminated in the signing of the OAU Charter by 31 African countries. The OAU became AU (African Union) in May 26 2001, and between the establishment of the Organization for African Unity (OAU) and AU, a significant number of regional organizations were founded, but the idea of integrating the entire continent was conceived long before the AfCFTA was signed by forty-four African countries on March 21, 2018 at Kigali, Rwanda.  

Peaceful reform will see Ethiopia through dynamic political moment

Taye AtskeSelasie, ambassador of Ethiopia to Egypt
The article contains numerous factual errors and erroneous assumptions about Ethiopia — a country that prides itself on its diversity and the unity of its people. Leaving aside the sinister motivations one might insinuate from the flavor and slant of the article — namely, the international misrepresentation of political realities for underlying geopolitical aspirations — I would rather focus on separating the facts from the falsehoods for the benefit of your readers. These are the main challenges that the ruling party, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), and the incoming prime minister will steadfastly address in an all-inclusive manner in the weeks and months to come. The other point that is often based on fabrication and maliciously presented is the claim of the dominance of Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) within the EPRDF.


Tyranny of Size in a Fragile Democracy: The Ethiopian Case
Mogos Asghedom

As pointed out in the introductory paragraph, blind faith in size has tragic consequences. The extremist elements do not seem to be able to predict the hell their actions might take them, because their arrogance, ignorance, and monetary greed have blinded them. These residual human elements do not hesitate to abuse and misuse the meaning of democracy to fulfill their wild ambitions to dominate and subjugate other nations, nationalities, and peoples. They do not understand that true democracy has multiple guiding principles, which include primacy of the rule of law, accountability, transparency, collective decision-making, equality, collective voice (universal suffrage), civil liberties and civil rights, strong nationalism, and obligations to serve the masses.

Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia shares his opinion on Ethiopia’s Political transition and future path after the recent resignation of its PM, domestic violence, and security challenges. 
Dr. Araia, recently published an article recent and offered the following recommendations for the government to consider: The Government and the legally operating opposition parties in Ethiopia should enter dialogue with the sole purpose of fostering national unity and retooling Ethiopian nationalism while at the same time de-emphasizing ethnic politics. If this kind of national reconciliation is tried, it should be done in public in which the Ethiopian people also become participant-observers. This would also be a momentous historic event at unleashing a political culture of toleration and inclusiveness and a reflection of the ideals and sentiments of the Ethiopian nationhood.

Ethiopia: Work Round the Clock At GERD Site
By Tewodros Kassa

"It is an awe-inspiring experience to visit the construction site of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) at least for two reasons- you observe the commitment of the Engineers and workers with dropped jaws, and amble imagining that this place will form a huge water body in just few years." The remark was given by Ethiopian Film Makers Association President, Desalegn Hailu, whom this reporter met last Sunday in a sightseeing event at GERD project site, Guba district of Benishangul Gumuz State. Construction machinery such as excavators, dump-trucks... emits huge noises and everyone is working with sense of urgency, he recounted.
Their time reckoning system seems not to go with the usual one - readying oneself at dawn for work, and getting back to home at dusk.

ISS Today: Why the African Union needs a stable Ethiopia
African Union (AU) Commission chief Moussa Faki Mahamat has offered his services to the government of Ethiopia amid political upheaval in the country. After months of anti-government protests and security force action, the government earlier this year decided to release several political prisoners. Unrest, however, continues in several parts of the country.
Analysts agree that Ethiopia is traditionally far less susceptible to outside influence in its internal affairs than many other African countries. AU involvement in Ethiopia’s internal political situation doesn’t seem likely. A discussion of the situation in the 15-member AU Peace and Security Council that deals with conflicts on the continent has also never taken place

Africa: Ethiopia's Stability Envisages Africa's Inclusive Development
By Zelalem Girma

As Ethiopia is the second most populous nation in Africa, its main challenges are sustaining its progressive economic growth and ensuring poverty reduction, which requires significant improvement in job creation and improved governance. To make certain a comprehensive growth in the country, the government will need to improve its governance, empower local authorities, and become more accountable to its citizens, according to members of the diplomatic community. Following the instabilities observed recently in some parts of the country, the government has declared a State of Emergency (SoE) to protect losses of life and damages in properties as well as to adjust political reforms.

Water wars: Tensions build over a Nile dam in Ethiopia
THE EDITORIAL BOARD Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

A major drama is building in northeast Africa, among Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia, as Ethiopia nears completion of work on a large new dam on the Nile River.
Part of the Nile, known as the White Nile, rises in the mountains of Burundi, far south of Egypt in Africa. The Nile eventually pours into the Mediterranean Sea in the north of Egypt. The river has served as the stem of civilizations, dating from thousands of years ago. Its waters are absolutely critical to Egypt, upon which that country’s agriculture, electric power and internal transport are heavily dependent. Without its waters, more Egyptians would starve than do already.
Ethiopia has been building for years the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam at its border with Sudan. It’s on what is called the Blue Nile, the river’s other major tributary. The Blue Nile accounts for some 85 percent of the water flowing into the main Nile. Ethiopia is at the point of filling the huge reservoir behind the dam, already, in Egypt’s eyes, putting Egypt’s Nile waters at risk.

Inspiring: These Two Deaf Eritrean-Ethiopian Twins Are Breaking Barriers in the Fashion World 
They both became mysteriously deaf at the same time when they were just 7 years old. However, these wonderful and beautiful fashion bloggers Hermon and Heroda Berhane never allowed their disabilities distract their purpose and vision in life. With both now 34, the Eritrean-Ethiopian twin sisters have great and blossoming careers in modeling and acting as well as a fashion blog. According to them, the mission is simple. “We want to tell people around the world that you should embrace disability, not hide from it,” the twins said in an email interview with CNN.

Misreading History and Political Science and the Exigency of Smooth Power Transition in Ethiopia
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD February 18, 2018

In the last three to four years, Ethiopia has been in constant political turmoil, ranging from Gondar and Oromia incidents to the Oromo-Somali confrontations in South East Ethiopia, to the Woldia-Kobo-Mersa protestations and subsequent deaths of innocent Ethiopians. All these protestations, euphemistically called mass upheavals by some disgruntled Diaspora Ethiopian groupings, were actually ethnic-based and ethnic-hatred disturbances; I label them as disturbances because in any historical context, revolutionary and peoples’ uprisings do not destroy and/or burn public property. Moreover, the only mass upheaval that moved toward revolutionary insurrection in Ethiopia is that of 1974 (Yekatit 1966 Ethiopian Calendar) broad-based people’s uprising.
Irrespective of the current crisis, however, I believe Ethiopia will remain united and Tigray will not go anywhere because the concept and material force of ‘Ethiopia’ was conceived and born in Tigray. Certain groups may invoke Article 39 of the Constitution to separate Tigray from the rest of Ethiopia but they will not be successful because the majority of the people of Tigray would like to jealously guard the unity of Ethiopia and maintain Ethiopian national identity. In this context, thus, back in 2003 I tried to portray Tigray as an indivisible core of the Ethiopian nation-state, as shown below:

Retrospective and Prospective Analysis of

Ethiopian University Student Activism for Diversity Curricula

Asayehgn Desta, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainability
 Dominican University of California

Following the dismantlement of the Military Junta—the “Derg”—in 1991, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), a product of the 1960s and 1970s, Addis Ababa University’s university student movement and an adherent of Marxism and Leninism ideology came to power; it vigorously embarked on actualizing the self -determination of the various Nations, Nationalities and Peoples of Ethiopia. That is, in contradiction to the socialization process of the ancient regime and the military Junta who favored a centralized type of government, after coming to power, the EPRDF propagated and endorsed an ethnic-based federal type of government structure in Ethiopia (Hailemariam, 2017). 

Where is Ethiopia heading after Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn's surprise resignation?
Desalegn announced that he was stepping down to quell months-long unrest in the landlocked African nation.
By Vasudevan Sridharan

The landlocked African state of Ethiopia is at a crossroads after Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn succumbed to increasing public pressure and announced his surprise resignation. It is an unprecedented move by the premier of the Horn of Africa nation as he said his stepping down would pave the way for "lasting peace". Why advertise with us Ethiopia, Africa's second most populous country, has been reeling under protracted anti-government demonstrations against human rights violations and political clampdowns, with protests gathering momentum back in 2016. What started as a campaign against the government's urban development plan for capital Addis Ababa, ended up with hundreds of people losing their lives.

Geopolitical Laboratory
How Djibouti Became China's Gateway To Africa

Djibouti, one of Africa's smallest countries, has become China's "strategic partner." The Chinese have built a military base and a port, and is currently constructing a free trade zone, fast establishing it as Beijing's gateway to the continent. A police car appears in a cloud of red dust on the dirt road between the boulders. A young man in uniform opens the window and starts grousing in French. The Chinese men he is rebuking don't understand any of it, but slowly realize where the anger is coming from. They had forgotten to register with the sentry guarding the entrance to the large construction site above the coast.

Managing Ethiopia's political crisis
by Goitom Gebreluel & Biniam Bedasso 
7 Feb 2018

Nemera Mamo is a co-author of this article. He is a teaching fellow at SOAS, University of London.
Ethiopia has been experiencing recurrent mass protests, riots and ethnic conflicts over the past two years that have claimed the lives of thousands and displaced hundreds of thousands.
These events have led observers and members of the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) to conclude that the very survival of the Ethiopian state is at stake. State collapse is so far an extreme and unlikely scenario given that the conflicting parties are internal actors in the system and have a vested interest in its survival. A more likely but still dangerous scenario is a long-term vicious cycle of political conflict and economic stagnation that cripples state and society.

David Shinn
U.S. Policy towards the Horn of Africa

The problems of the Horn of Africa are frequently interlinked and often cross international borders. The root causes of the conflicts include economic inequality, political marginalization, poor governance, ethnic tension, competition for scarce resources such as water and good land, periodic drought and poverty. Contributory factors are porous borders, widespread availability of arms, corruption, a poor record by governments on human rights issues and interference in the region by organizations and countries outside the Horn. When you add the fact that the Horn is located on a religious fault line, you have a recipe for frequent conflict. It has arguably been the most conflicted corner of the world since the end of World War II. The Horn has constantly posed a serious challenge for U.S. policy.

corruption 'eating away' at African economies
African foreign ministers meet in Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa
By Addis Getachew and Seleshi Tessema

Economic Commission for Africa Executive Secretary Vera Songwe has warned of widespread reaction from the youth to corruption in Africa, which is "eating away" at the continent's economies. Songwe's remarks came during her speech at the executive council meeting of the African Union in Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on Thursday. As corrupt practices continue in Africa, including the illicit financial outflows from which Africa loses $50 billion annually, "the youth are watching", she said." For Africa, we project a pickup in growth to 3.5 percent in 2018 and 3.7 percent in 2019, underpinned by strengthening external demand and a moderate increase in commodity prices," she added. However, Songwe said, "the African Union itself has estimated that every year over $148 billion are drained out of the continent through various corrupt activities and acts, representing about 25 percent of Africa’s GDP growth.

Observing and Analyzing the New Egyptian-Ethiopian Accord with Cautious Optimism
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD January 26, 2018

I am optimistic by nature, but given the jittery politics and unfathomable political discourse and diplomacy of the Egyptian leaders, I like to observe and analyze the recent meetings and subsequent agreement reached between Egypt and Ethiopia with cautious optimism. There is no doubt that both sides, that is, the Ethiopian and Egyptians diplomats, were satisfied by the outcome of the three-day meeting (beginning January 16, 2018) and discussions wrought in an effort to iron out differences. After he returned home, the Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, for instance, told Ethiopian journalists that he was personally gratified with the agreements reached on various cooperative agendas; he underscored that both countries have agreed to cooperate in many sectors including agriculture, industry, health, education, and tourism. Beyond these sectors, both countries have also agreed to work together and create synergy in some (e.g. tourism) in sectors such as investment, mining, electricity, water resources, and culture.

Ethiopia could be sitting on one of world's great untapped gold deposits
January 24, 2018 by Liam Bullock, The Conversation

Our field observations and panning suggest that gold should be generally abundant across the Asoza zone – both in quartz veins but also elsewhere in the schist and pegmatite rocks in which they are located. We also see signs of substantial graphite deposits, which are important for everything from touch-screen tablets to lithium-ion batteries. There is undoubtedly much more world-class gold within this area than has already been discovered, pointing to a promising source of income for the government for years to come – much of the region remains unexplored, after all. It probably is no exaggeration to say that Ethiopia's gold potential could rival South Africa's, which would put it somewhere around the top five gold producing nations in the world.

Ethiopia: U.S. Embassy Announces Solve IT! - A Nationwide Innovation

Solve IT! will involve nine city hubs in seven regional states and two city administrations
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of U.S. Embassy Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, January 25, 2018/APO Group/ -- The U.S. Embassy in Addis Ababa is sponsoring a nationwide innovation competition, “Solve IT!” for Ethiopian youth. “Solve IT!” promotes STEM, entrepreneurship and encourages a new generation of young Ethiopians to solve problems in their communities using technology, software and hardware. The competition is implemented by the U.S. Embassy in collaboration with partners iCog Labs and
Humanity plus.  Solve IT! will involve nine city hubs in seven regional states and two city administrations: Addis Ababa, Dire Dawa, Jimma, Bahir Dar, Mekelle, Gambela, Semera, Hawassa and Jigjiga are the selected cities. 

Seven Historically African-American Universities That Are In Top Rankings 
The seven historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) established before 1964 on the land of United States were especially meant for the education of black people only. The soul intention of building these institutions was to provide and promote the best education to the black community. Who knew in those times that the universities established for the black people would be the top educational institutions some day and for which even the royal communities will compete to get admission. Got confused? Here is the list of top seven universities of current times that are actually Black Universities.

Ethiopian ambassador to Sudan hints Egypt turning GERD dispute into politics

The Ethiopian ambassador to Sudan Mulugeta Zewdie suggested that Egypt is turning the dispute over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) into a political issue, which he said is a technical matter. In an interview with the Sudanese daily newspaper Sudan Vision, Zewdie accused some parties of transforming the GERD from a technical issue into a political issue, calling for political issues surrounding the dam to be avoided and to concentrate on the technical side set by experts from the concerned countries. He expressed his surprise over the negative statements from Egyptian media outlets regarding GERD, describing the statements as an attempt to create agendas which are far from the reality.

Watch: How Injera Brings Together a Traditional Ethiopian Meal
Cooking in America heads to Jebena Cafe in Seattle

South Seattle’s Ethiopian community has long thrived in neighborhoods like Rainier Beach, but North Seattle is a somewhat-newer area Ethiopians call home. In Pinehurst, at the north end of Seattle, you will find the hub of this ever-growing community: Jebena Cafe and its neighboring grocery store. In this episode of Cooking in America, host Sheldon Simeon talks to siblings Martha Seyoum and Menge Ayele, who co-own both spaces. At the center of the offerings here is a warming injera — a perfected sourdough flatbread with a texture often defined as spongy. It’s a staple of Ethiopian cuisine, served with “toppings” such as beef and tilapia tibs, spinach, and kitfo, ground beef cooked in a berbere sauce and seasoned with chilies. “We do everything from our heart,” says Ayele. “That always pays off.”

Ayalew Mesfin’s Soulful Ethiopian Funk From The ’70s Is About To Get Its First Wide Release

With the amount of music that continues that gets released daily, it feels inevitable that there will be hidden gems that don’t get the shine they deserve. While this may seem like a modern problem, history has proven that this has actually been happening for a while. Case in point: Ayalew Mesfin was part of an Ethiopian musical movement known as Ethio-Groove, a genre that combined the best parts of funk, soul, big-band jazz, Afrobeat, and traditional Ethiopian music. Mesfin’s work wasn’t really heard outside of the country, due in part to a tumultuous political climate marked by the Ethiopian Civil War that began in the mid-70s. Now, though, the best of Mesfin’s singles and tapes have been compiled for the first time ever and will be released as Hasabe: My Worries.


This week, in the wake of derogatory remarks by President Donald Trump about African countries, Africans and their leaders have reacted strongly with outrage and disappointment. The African Union promptly released a statement demanding an apology, adding, “The African Union Mission wishes to express its infuriation, disappointment, and outrage over the unfortunate comment made by Mr. Donald Trump, the President of the United States of America, which remarks dishonor the celebrated American creed and respect for diversity and human dignity.” The United Nations human rights office labeled the remarks “shocking and shameful.” South Africa and Nigeria summoned American diplomats stationed in their countries, demanding an explanation for the comments. Botswana has called the remarks “irresponsible, reprehensible, and racist,” and cheekily demanded clarification on whether Botswana is included in his insulting characterization.

African Diplomats Invite Trump To A.U. Meeting To Explain ‘Shithole’ Remark
African U.N. envoys suggested on Thursday that U.S. President Donald Trump meet with African leaders in Ethiopia this month after he was reported to have described some immigrants from Africa and Haiti as coming from “shithole” countries. African U.N. ambassadors issued a statement last Friday that said they were “extremely appalled at, and strongly condemned the outrageous, racist, xenophobic remarks attributed to the president of the United States.”
They demanded Trump retract his remarks and apologize.

Donald Trump must apologies for comments - African Union

The organization representing African countries has demanded that US President Donald Trump apologies after he reportedly called nations on the continent "shitholes".
The African Union mission in Washington DC expressed its "shock, dismay and outrage" and said the Trump administration misunderstood Africans. The US leader made the alleged remark in a Thursday meeting on immigration. But Mr Trump has denied using the language reported. He has been backed by two Republicans who were at the White House meeting, but Democratic Senator Dick Durbin said Mr Trump called African countries "shitholes" several times and used "racist" language

What did the African Union say?
It said the "remarks dishonor the celebrated American creed and respect for diversity and human dignity".
It added: "While expressing our shock, dismay and outrage, the African Union strongly believes that there is a huge misunderstanding of the African continent and its people by the current Administration.
"There is a serious need for dialogue between the US Administration and the African countries."

Sudan, Ethiopia agree to deploy joint military forces to secure borders, GERD
Sudan and Ethiopia have agreed recently to deploy joint military forces to provide protection to their borders and the Ethiopian Grand Renaissance Dam (GERD).
According to the Sudan-based English-language media outlet the Sudan Tribune, military forces from the two countries will be deployed on both states’ borders for the sake of suspending any hostile activity against the two countries, in addition to protecting the GERD that is being built on the Blue Nile near Sudan. The two provinces in Ethiopia and Sudan that will see the joint deployment of military forces are the ‘Blue Nile’ province in Sudan and Beni Shanqwl in Ethiopia

The predicament of Ethiopian immigrants in Saudi Arabia
January 18, 2018

socioeconomic overhaul which this paper will discuss in the following paragraphs, there is another reason why there has been a crackdown on Ethiopian undocumented immigrants in Saudi Arabia, namely a backlash on the political position of Ethiopia in the ongoing Gulf crisis. When the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and Egypt led a blockade against the state of Qatar, there was a push by these countries on the African countries to join the blockade. Some of the African countries succumbed to the pressure but most did not including Ethiopia. According to Sheik Mohammed bin Abdurrahman, the Foreign Minister of Qatar, “the four countries mobilized all of their officials on the continent at the beginning of the blockade to pressure African states to adopt the same measures as them”.

Book review: The Addis Ababa Massacre, when Ethiopia ran blood
Ian Campbell’s compelling, incisive account of one of the worst 20th century colonial atrocities that will forever stain the flag of Italy.
Kapil Komireddi 

The killings were accompanied by loot. Italian Black shirts made trips to the bank to cash in the jewellery they seized from their victims. Upper-class neighborhoods of Addis Ababa were spared only because Italians coveted the properties. More than 19,000 Ethiopians were killed in Addis Ababa by the time the Italians had exhausted themselves. (Across Ethiopia, the figure is north of 30,000.) Eyewitnesses to the massacre gathered ample evidence, including photographs of Italians posing with severed heads of Ethiopians. The British government’s behavior, in contrast to the solidarity and activism of its people, was a shameful coda to the story of Italy’s occupation of Ethiopia. Campbell delicately calls Churchill’s actions “curious”. But the unwillingness to see white Europeans prosecuted for crimes against black Ethiopians was in keeping with Churchill’s overall world view. He was an unabashed white supremacist who mobilized his nation against Nazi Germany, and not, as his hagiographers relentlessly strive to portray him, a champion of universal freedom and neutral justice. An early advocate, by his own admission, of “using poisoned gas against uncivilized tribes”, Churchill would have seen Graziani and Badoglio as kindred spirits, not embodiments of evil.

African immigrants are more educated than most — including people born in U.S
Ann M. Simmons Contact Reporter

Lots of the news from sub-Saharan Africa is about war, famine, poverty or political upheaval. So it’s understandable if many Americans think most Africans who immigrate to the United States are poorly educated and desperate. That’s the impression that President Trump left with his comments to members of Congress opposing admission of immigrants from “shithole countries” in Africa and elsewhere. But research tells another story. While many are refugees, large numbers are beneficiaries of the “diversity visa program” aimed at boosting immigration from underrepresented nations. And on average, African immigrants are better educated that people born in the U.S. or the immigrant population as a whole.

Egypt doesn’t want war with Sudan and Ethiopia: al-Sisi
January 15, 2018 (CAIRO) - The Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi on Monday said his country isn’t conspiring against Sudan and Ethiopia stressing Egypt isn’t planning to go to war against its “brothers”. Al-Sisi’s statements come amid rising tensions between Egypt on the one hand and Sudan and Ethiopia on the other. The are several issues between Cairo and Khartoum including Sudan support to the Ethiopian renaissance dam, border dispute over Halayeb triangle and the ban on Egyptian farming products. The latest tensions have sparked between Sudan and Egypt after the former signed an agreement to temporarily hand over the Red Sea island of Suakin to Turkey.

Sudan deploys troops to Eritrea border amid tension with Egypt
Sudan has deployed more forces on its border with Eritrea amid rising tension in the Red Sea region.
Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour cited security threats on its eastern border.
“Sudan’s national army has sent forces to this area to protect Sudan’s security. We have information that some entities are targeting us,” he said after meeting his Ethiopian counterpart Workneh Gebeyehu in Khartoum on Sunday. Earlier this month, Sudan closed its border with its eastern neighbor and sent troops to the frontier amid reports that Egypt had deployed troops in Eritrea. Khartoum also recalled its ambassador to Cairo following the reports.

Columbus Leaders Urged To Employ Somali Police Officers For Better Integration

A university professor has asked the leadership of Columbus, Ohio, to recruit more Somali police officers for better integration of local Somalis into the American community. In her new book, “Somalis in the Twin Cities and Columbus,” Stefanie Chambers, an associate professor of political science at Trinity College in Connecticut, says Somali migrants in Columbus don’t feel well-represented in many sectors of the society like their countrymen in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
“We can go a long way to better serve our new Americans. We can go a long way to breaking down barriers,” Chambers was quoted as saying by the Columbus Dispatch.
Chambers pointed out that the Minneapolis Police Department has seven Somali police officers, with several others in the academy, while Columbus has none.

H-1B VISA: President Trump Drops H-1B Visa Plan That Could Get At Least 750,000 Deported
In a relief for Indian techies, US authorities today said that the Trump administration is not considering any proposal that would force H-1B visa holders to leave the country. 
The announcement by the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) came days after reports emerged that the Trump administration was considering tightening H-1B visa rules that could lead to deportation of 750,000 Indians.  The reports hadsaid it was mulling ending extensions for H-1B holders.  The USCIS “is not considering a regulatory change that would force H-1B visa holders to leave the United States by changing interpretation of Section 104 C of the American Competitiveness in the 21st Century Act (AC21) statute that states that USCIS may grant the extensions,” an official said. 

World’s Richest Man, Bill Gates Showers Praises On Ethiopian Scientist For Impacting Lives Of Small-scale Farmers
World’s richest man and CEO of Microsoft, Bill Gates, has hailed the efforts of an Ethiopian plant pathologist working to positively impact the lives of small-scale farmers across the world.
Dr. Segenet Kelemu according to Gates, having witnessed the damage locusts wreak in rural Ethiopia, aspired to study agriculture and today “used the power of science to find ways to help farmers grow more food and earn more income.” In the latest installment of his ‘Heroes in the Field’ series, Gates said of Dr. Kelemu, “She decided to study agriculture, becoming the first woman from her region to get a college degree.

Ethiopia’s lawmakers approve ban on foreign adoptions
By Elias Meseret

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — Ethiopian lawmakers have approved a ban on foreign adoptions amid concerns about mistreatment of children overseas. The approval came after rare heated debate as some lawmakers worried that the East African nation does not have enough child care centers to handle the effects of the ban. Ethiopia had been among the top 10 countries for adoptions in the United States, according to State Department figures released last year. Actress Angelina Jolie is among the people who have adopted a child from the country. For more reading : Breaking the silence over the plight of adopted Ethiopian children

Ethiopia’s Renaissance Dam and its impact on Sudanese water security
By Saifeldin Yousif Saeed

National security no longer refers only to the power of the military state, but also to its economic strength and its ability to preserve its natural resources and development, particularly water. Therefore, the security of nations in the twenty-first century will depend on secure access to natural resources, energy and mineral resources and water and arable land resources. Global competition over natural resources will be a source of economic imbalance and disorder and will lead to the spread of instability, including in some cases the outbreak of armed conflicts.
Water Security
Water and its impact on human life is one of the challenges facing mankind in this century. Water is one of the most important factors creating security. If a state blocked the flow of a river to another state or changed its course this would damage the interests and needs of the citizens of the other country. The decisions taken by the state in the use and regulation of water are important actions. Every water project or movement within a country translates as an assault on the other countries in the same river basin.

Ethiopia to free jailed politicians to 'foster national reconciliation' - PM
Aaron Maasho

ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) - Ethiopia will release and pardon dissident politicians jailed on criminal charges, its prime minister said on Wednesday -- an unexpected shift in stance from a government routinely accused by rights groups of using security concerns to stifle dissent.
Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, whose administration denies crushing peaceful opposition, said the move was intended to “foster national reconciliation”.
It follows recent protests over land rights and repression and ethnic clashes, and takes place amid a political crisis that has seen some senior officials submit resignations from the ruling party.

Ethiopia frees all political prisoners and closes notorious Maekelawi jail in surprise decision
Ethiopians were quick to respond, even with social media sites currently blocked
Elias Meseret Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

In a surprise move, Ethiopia's leader on Wednesday announced plans to drop charges against political prisoners and close a notorious prison camp in what he called an effort to "widen the democratic space for all."  Prime Minster Hailemariam Desalegn's comments came after anti-government protests engulfed much of the restive Oromia and Amhara regions in recent months, bringing many businesses, universities and transport networks to a standstill. The protests spread into other parts of the East African country, leading to a months-long state of emergency that has since been lifted

Ethiopian workers 'beaten and robbed' by Saudi police
28 DECEMBER 2017

Undocumented workers say they saw their compatriots shot at and wounded by police when they tried to escape roundups.
Humiliated and abused
Upon reaching Saudi Arabia, many work as domestic workers, often for more than 20 hours a day, with few legal rights.  According to rights groups, many have their phones and passports confiscated and endure physical and sexual abuse. "I stayed in Saudi Arabia for five years just to support my family and other siblings," said deportee Fozia Omar, adding that she spent one month in prison but was allowed to bring her luggage. "We have suffered a lot. I would like to beg my brothers and sisters not to repeat the mistake we already made, in the name of Allah."
Saudi Arabia has repeatedly said it will deport or jail the 400,000 or so Ethiopians it believes live there illegally, as it seeks to reduce its reliance on millions of foreign workers.

A colonial massacre in Africa fully revealed for the first time
by Charlie Kimber

Italian artillery in EthiopiaEighty years ago a colonial massacre of over 20,000 people was carried out by Italian fascist forces in Ethiopia in north east Africa. In three days and nights of arson, murder and looting, thousands of men, women and children were burned alive, shot, beaten senseless, stabbed to death or blown to pieces. It has been systematically covered up in Italy—and so has Britain’s role in hiding the truth. A particularly vile role was played by Winston Churchill. A recent book by Ian Campbell has revealed in terrifying detail what happened. Italy, led by fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, had invaded Abyssinia (present day Ethiopia) in October 1935. Mussolini claimed it was a humanitarian intervention to wipe out slavery. In fact he hoped it could be the beginning of a “new Roman empire”. Bruno Mussolini, son of Benito, wrote newspaper articles about clusters of Ethiopians “bursting open like a rose” when bombed from above. He admitted to finding this spectacle “most amusing”.

The faces behind the Yellow Movement: How Ethiopia’s young women are vowing to change culture of sexual harassment, rape and domestic violence
Catherine Devine in Ethiopia
December 28 2017 2:30 AM

Hilina BerhanuThe young, educated and empowered women of Ethiopia have vowed to make a change to their country’s culture of sexual harassment, rape and domestic violence. A group of young activists, who are among the few privileged women to graduate from university in Ethiopia and abroad, have set up a movement in the bid to empower women. The Yellow Movement based in Ethiopia’s capital of Addis Ababa gives women a voice and shines a light on the shocking examples of abuse suffered by women. For the first time in Ethiopia, the 2016 Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) included Domestic Violence as one of its indicators. Based on the government’s survey, 35 per cent of all married women have experienced sexual, emotional or physical violence from their husband or partner at some time. In 2015, a 15-year-old Ethiopian girl called Tejnesh Leweg’neh was abducted by three men. When she refused to marry one of them they pushed her off a cliff and she was left paralyzed.

Dam negotiations going on: Interview with Ethiopia's ambassador to Cairo
A visit by the Ethiopian prime minister to Cairo should allow negotiations to proceed on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, Ethiopian ambassador to Egypt Taye Stke-Selassie Amde tells Dina Ezzat

Dina Ezzat , Wednesday 27 Dec 2017
Over the past two years, especially 2017, there have been hardly any positive messages from the Egyptian delegation. Both the political and technical teams working on the Dam have shared growing scepticism about what they found to be a “lack of commitment on the side of the Ethiopian delegation” with regard to a clear plan for the filling of the reservoir or a transparent sharing of information on the safety of the body of the Dam.

Egypt committed to peaceful course in negotiations on Ethiopian dam: Presidency spokesman
Ahram Online , Sunday 24 Dec 2017

Renaissance Dam Egypt's presidency spokesman Bassam Rady said on Sunday that Cairo is committed to a peaceful course in negotiations on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), though he reiterated that Egypt’s supply of Nile water is "a matter of life or death for the country."
"Egypt took a direct path in the negotiations, based on honesty, friendliness and mutual relations. We are still committed to this path," Rady told Ahram's Arabic news website. 
The latest tripartite ministerial meeting between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan held in Cairo last November to discuss a preliminary technical report on the impact of the dam had failed to reach a consensus. On Thursday, Egyptian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Sameh Abu Zeid said that Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry is set to visit Addis Ababa next week to discuss specific ideas to overcome the stalemate in the GERD technical negotiations.

Ethiopia: Keep Peace to Keep Fast Pace

Peace has been central to the rapid pace of the economic growth registered over the last decade. In light of this, the violence which has been erupting at few towns and administrative districts in recent time serves no purpose other than obstructing the ongoing efforts of transforming the nation into a middle income economy. For a country which has lifted itself from the abyss of extreme poverty, paying all kinds of sacrifices, such violence is highly likely to derail the hard-won gains. It erodes the age-old culture of respect among the diverse people and leads to loss of life and property. In fact, the past violence in some parts of the country has claimed the lives of citizens while posing destruction of property. If goes unchecked, if not stopped somewhere, it would undermine the national security and will degenerate into very unpleasant situation--may also cause a complete U-turn of the socio-economic development-- which is against the wishes of all Ethiopians and their lovers--God forbid that!

Ethiopia: Unveiling Mystery Crucial for Realizing Vision
By Tsegay Hagos

Tourism which is known as the smokeless industry has huge contribution to the economy of countries. It is an industry that could create jobs, generate foreign exchange and hugely supports the economy. According to World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) 2016 report, tourism has contributed USD 7.6 trillion (10.2 percent) of the world's GDP and created job opportunity for 292 million people, which accounts to 1 in 10 jobs created in the planet. European countries such as France, Spain, Italy and United Kingdom have been listed as top tourist destination nations in 2016

Ethiopia: Addis in the Eyes of African Youth Visitors
By Leulseged Worku

Peace and security are the major challenges of Africa. When there is peace and security there is prosperity. In this regard, the youth will be direct beneficiaries form the economy. More job opportunity will be created and they will in turn support their community.
The role of youth to speed up the socio economic and political life of a society is inevitable. This is especially true for the growing economy of Africa where the majority of the population is young.

Lesson from an Experiment in Ethiopia: An Economic Review of Arkabe Ogubay’s Case Study Asayehgn Desta, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Development
A specter haunts Africa today. Those who subscribe to the Afro-pessimism school of thought argue that while African economies were ill-prepared to face the “free trade imperialism” of the 1850s, today’s Africa is even less equipped to survive in the new global economic order (Kofi and Desta 2008). Based on this line of thinking, for instance, Prunier  (2016) attributes Africa’s lack of development due to lack of genuine citizenry. As he puts it, those in power attempt to enrich themselves at the expense of the people, and they continue the practice of the European colonialists, turning the people into subjects. Furthermore, Prunier notes that the lack of industrialization in Africa has deprived its youth of a better future and left it in a constant state of poverty and unemployment (The African Blog, July 23, 2016). 

Ethiopia’s New Addiction – And What It Says About Media Freedom
By James Jeffrey

“Media freedom depends on which yardstick you use,” says Daniel Berhane, a prominent Addis Ababa-based blogger. “The government appears to be relaxing about online and television media, but there are still no opposition newspapers.” Ethiopia ranked 150th out of 180 countries in the 2017 press freedom index rankings by Reporters Without Borders. The international non-profit organization that promotes and defends freedom of information and the press states that the Ethiopian regime systematically uses the country’s anti-terror law against journalists. 

መፍትሄው! በህዝባዊ ማዕበል የቀውሱን ፈጣሪ ማስወገድ !!
ትግራይ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ትብብር (ት.ዴ.ት./TAND)
ታሕሳስ 2017

Ethiopia: Social Media Spreading Poison, Threatening Peace
By Zelalem Girma

In Ethiopia, something has gone very wrong with the use of social media. In most cases, Face book, You Tube, and Twitter have turned out to be means of disseminating unfounded stories, wrong information, prejudice and falsehood.For over a century, people of Ethiopia have lived together building a peaceful, harmonious and prosperous society with cultural amalgam and divers beliefs. They definitely espoused peaceful coexistence and cherished respect for each other until the evolution of social media began rocking down their tranquility and calm a decade ago.

Challenges of Building a United Movement for a Democratic Ethiopia*

Aregawi Berhe, PhD 
A Summary:

The failure of the Ethiopian political opposition forces and civil society movements to act in unison on common ideals of national interest has enabled the dictatorship of the TPLF/EPRDF regime to persist in power through nearly three decades, thereby prolonging the multi facade misery of the Ethiopian people. The daily events in the entire nation are gripping stories of conflicts, death, destruction, looming famine, fear of disintegration and statelessness. Failure to forge a generic national vision, a common program of action to translate the vision into a reality and the commitment to adhere to democratic principles agreed upon appears to have been the core factors that are hindering the realization of the cherished dream of a tormented nation. The heeding of these factors, by-and-large, rests on the shoulders of the organized elite, styled in the form of political or civil society assemblage. However, these different elite classes happen to be embroiled in unworthy squabbles some of which are indeed aged grudge against each other or sectarian ambitions, perhaps also ideological fixations, but certainly irrelevant as far as the national issue at stake is concerned. 

Trends and Patterns in Contemporary Ethiopian Politics 

 Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD December 13, 2017

Time and again I addressed and seriously underscored the significance of Ethiopian unity, because from day one since the ascendance of the EPRDF to power, I sensed a political program that could possibly undermine the unity of the Ethiopian people and subsequently the fragmentation of the Ethiopian nation-state. This concern of mine, shared by multitude of Ethiopians, was expressly stated in my debut book published twenty-two years ago, and it goes as follows: The TGE’s policy of Kilil and self-determination is commendable, but the consequence of fragmentation as a result of new wave of ethnic political consciousness, and the inability of some minority nationalities to become economically and politically viable, would ultimately preoccupy Ethiopians to otherwise unforeseen problem.1

EU accused of funding evil empire of Eritrea where hundreds and thousands forced to flee
THE European Union has been accused of funding an evil Eritrean empire which has forced 120,000 people to flee

The embattled bloc faces intense criticism for propping up a despot leader who has catapulted his country into the depths of abhorrent slave labor, by handing them £176million in aid, despite protests from human rights groups. The cash has reportedly been ploughed into President Isaias Afewerki’s regime, which is actually encouraging its people to escape a poor nation beset with mass enslavement, the Daily Telegraph reported. In 2015, more Eritreans reached the shores of Europe than any other nationality in the world and account for the largest amount of asylum applications in the UK. 

Here’s Why Russia Might Set Up a Red Sea Base in Sudan
By Andrew Korybko

Global Research, December 06, 2017
Long-serving Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir invited the Russian military into his country during his historic visit to Moscow last week, stating that Sudan needs protection from an American Hybrid War plot to “Balkanize” his rump state into five separate ones following the 2011 secession of South Sudan. In the course of the conversation, he also said that Sudan is requesting Russian assistance in upgrading its armed forces, and that the geostrategically positioned state could function as Moscow’s “key to Africa” if the two sides decide to take their partnership to the strategic level. Sudan’s location is indeed a pivotal one because it’s located at the intersection of North and East Africa, and it also has crucial maritime-mainland connectivity potential due to its location on the western shores of the Red Sea and China’s New Silk Road plan to build a trans-Saharan railway from Port Sudan to the Chadian capital of N’Djamena in eventually facilitating trade between West Africa and the People’s Republic via this future route.

Quest to extradite Ethiopia's dictator Mengistu as Mugabe departs

Prisoners during the Derg era (DW/J. Jeffrey)
Zimbabwe's ex-President Robert Mugabe gave refuge to Col. Mengistu Haile Mariam, convicted of genocide in Ethiopia. Mugabe's departure has raised hopes that Haile Mariam could be extradited, but this is all uncertain. Others were quick to demand the forced repatriation of Mengistu to Ethiopia, where they hope he can face justice. But such demands, even though genuine, seem sometimes to be mixed with sarcasm. A tweet bearing the name Zirak Asfaw congratulates Mnangagwa on the peaceful power transition and pleads: “Please remember the mothers of #Ethiopia who are still waiting for justice: extradite #Mengistu Hailemariam.” Another Twitter user under the name Deki sawa went further, urging Zimbabweans: “If #Zimbabweans are the kind of justice-loving people they claim to be, it is time to pressure their government to transfer the #genocidal #Ethiopian #dictator #Mengistu Hailemariam …“

Is the Tigrai People’s Liberation Front a Communist Party? A Brief Review
Professor Desta, Asayehgn

Since the oust of the brutal socialist military dictatorship from power in 1991, a large portion of the Ethiopian people have desired and dreamed living in a democratic system of government rather than a communist-dominated government. The Ethiopian people wished their country’s democratic system would entertain 1) free and fair elections; 2) active participation of the Ethiopian citizens in politics and civic life; 3) protection of the human rights; and 4) the existence of rule of law, in which the laws and procedures of the country apply equally to all citizens (See for example, Stanford University, 2004). 

New Rumblings In The Horn Of Africa Over Ethiopia's Grand Renaissance Dam
by Tyler Durden Dec 6, 2017

Cairo recently reiterated its longstanding position that it’s against Addis Ababa’s construction of this megaproject on the Blue Nile river through which it receives most of its water, believing that the dam would allow Ethiopia to control downstream Egypt’s access to this resource and thus place it in a strategically vulnerable position. The Horn of African state hit back at the latest criticism by stating that it won’t be thwarted in carrying out this nationally important development project, and it also refuted the rumors which claimed that Qatar was partially funding the dam. Egypt’s latest infowar campaign against Ethiopia’s initiative is thought to be fueled in part by Sudan’s strategic realignment towards Addis Ababa in this dispute and more broadly in a larger Silk Road context, which has totally changed the dynamics and correspondingly placed Cairo on the defensive.

Israel firm’s spyware used against Ethiopia dissidents
December 6, 2017

Surveillance software from Israeli defence contractor Elbit Systems Ltd was used in an espionage campaign targeting Ethiopian dissidents living outside the East African nation, a Canadian research institute said today. Citizen Lab, at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, said it found evidence Ethiopian dissidents in Britain, the United States and other nations were targeted with emails seeking to infect their computers with surveillance tools that Elbit sells to law enforcement and intelligence agencies. Citizen Lab, which helps human rights activists defend themselves against spy software, has previously reported on Israel malware being used against activists in the UAE. An Elbit representative had no immediate comment on the group’s latest report. Ethiopian Communications Minister Negeri Lencho declined comment on the report.

Egyptian water minister: Nile is vital to us, but we cannot stop Ethiopian dam

CAIRO: Egypt has “many alternatives” to deal with the stalled technical negotiations on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) with Ethiopia and Sudan, Egypt’s Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation Mohamed Abdel Ati has said. “We have many alternatives in between the two impossible alternatives; to dispense with the Nile water and not to build the dams altogether," he said. There are other ways to negotiate, and Egypt has started many of these ways, but they cannot be declared,” the Egyptian minister said on Saturday during a visit to the northern governorate of Dakahlia.

Egypt's FM discusses regional developments, Ethiopian dam with Saudi counterpart
Egypt's Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry discussed Friday, among other issues, developments on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) with his Saudi counterpart, Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir, the Egyptian foreign ministry announced. According to a statement issued by the foreign ministry, the two top diplomats met on the sidelines of the Euro-Mediterranean Dialogue held in Rome.Shoukry and Al-Jubeir discussed the latest developments in the region, especially in Syria, Lebanon, Yemen, Libya and the Qatar crisis.

“ክንቃለስ ከለና፣ ‘ቀይሕ ባሕሪ ካብ ንግስነት ኣክሱም ኣትሒዙ ባሕሪና’ዩ’ እናበለ ህዝቢ ትግራይ ይሓተና ነይሩ’ዩ።” ደራሲ መጽሓፍ ፍቕሪ ዓሲምባ ካሕሳይ ኣብርሃ 




Dr. Aberra Molla: 2017 Honoree of The Ethiopian Heritage Society in North America 
Press Release 

Nov 27, 2017

Dr. Aberra Molla, a scientist and an inventor is also known as the father of Ethiopic. Inspired by the creator of the Amharic typewriter, Ethiopian engineer Ayana Birru of Horo Gudru, Wellega, Dr. Aberra computerized Ethiopic/Geez more than 29 years ago. However, replacing the Latin characters with Ethiopic character parts of the Amharic typewriter was not a viable option for Dr. Aberra because there were more Ethiopic characters than the Latin alphabet keys.



Egypt-Ethiopia tensions over new dam rise again
by Mohammed Vall
Ethiopia is pushing on with construction of its massive new dam, despite growing objections from Egypt.The controversial project has strained relations between the two nations, because Egypt, which lies downstream, sees it as a risk to its water supply from the Blue Nile.
Al Jazeera's Mohammed Vall has visited the site of the $5bn project, which will one day be Africa's biggest hydroelectric dam.


Ethiopia: Will Mengistu Continue Enjoying Asylum Under Mnangagwa?
By Fred Oluoch

With the exit of Robert Mugabe, will the former Ethiopian dictator, Mengistu Haile Mariam, continue enjoying asylum in Zimbabwe? That is the question that has been doing the rounds in Addis Ababa since November 14, when the military announced that it put his "protector" Mr. Mugabe under house arrest after 37 years in power. The Ethiopians who experienced Mr. Mengistu's 17 years of "Red Terror" reign are hoping that he will be the second former African president to be tried for international crimes after former Chad's Hissene Habre. Mr Habre was sentenced to life in prison in June 2016 by the Extraordinary African Chambers sitting in Senegal after Macky Sall took over as president after years of protection by Abdoulaye Wade. Now, most victims of Mengistu reign of terror are hoping that President Emmerson Mnangagwa will allow the extradition of Mr Mengistu after 26 years of protection by Mr Mugabe. Elias Miseret, a journalist based in Addis Ababa, told The East African that some Ethiopians wish that Mr Mengistu would be brought back to account for his atrocities, having been sentenced to death in absentia by an Ethiopian court in 2008.

Nile dam 'matter of life or death for Ethiopia too'
Ethiopia does not need to get permission from anyone to use its own natural resources, Foreign Ministry spokesman says
የህዳሴው ግድብ እዚህ ላይ ደርሷል !!!

By Addis Getachew ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia

Ethiopia's Foreign Ministry spokesman on Thursday said construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance dam was a "matter of life or death for Ethiopia too". Meles Alem's remarks in a press briefing in capital Addis Ababa came in a clear reaction to incessant reports by the Egyptian media quoting Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi as saying that Nile was a matter of life or death to Egypt -- an Egyptian catchword which al-Sisi repeated at a recent inauguration of a fishery in Egypt. Alem dubbed as "irrelevant" what he described as "destructive reports being disseminated by some Egyptian media and institutions against the Ethiopian Grand Renaissance Dam".  Ethiopian Grand Renaissance Dam progressing to near completion -Nov 2017 Video

The Multi-million dollar Ethiopian Grand Renaissance Dam is Africa's biggest hydro-project and the world's ninth largest. The dam is being constructed on the River Nile.

Ethiopia to go ahead with multi-billion dollar Nile dam
60 percent construction of Renaissance dam has been completed, says Ethiopian water ministers         By Addis Getachew ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia

Ethiopia said on Saturday no amount of misunderstanding would compel it to halt construction of the $4.8 billion mega hydro dam project on River Nile. Seleshi Bekele, the Ethiopian minister of water, electricity and irrigation, said the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) has completed 63 percent of its construction and soon it will be generating electricity. He was speaking at a news conference at his office in the capital Addis Ababa. His remarks came amidst heightening tensions between Ethiopia and Egypt. Last month, a meeting of water ministers from Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan in Cairo ended, without reaching an agreement on the "inception report" put forth by the international consultants -- BRL and Artelia -- hired by the three countries to study the impact of the dam. It has been six years since Ethiopia launched the GERD project, near the Ethiopia-Sudan border.

Ethiopia to go ahead with multi-billion dollar Nile dam
60 percent construction of Renaissance dam has been completed, says Ethiopian water ministers    By Addis Getachew ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia

Ethiopia said on Saturday no amount of misunderstanding would compel it to halt construction of the $4.8 billion mega hydro dam project on River Nile. Seleshi Bekele, the Ethiopian minister of water, electricity and irrigation, said the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) has completed 63 percent of its construction and soon it will be generating electricity. He was speaking at a news conference at his office in the capital Addis Ababa. His remarks came amidst heightening tensions between Ethiopia and Egypt. Last month, a meeting of water ministers from Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan in Cairo ended, without reaching an agreement on the "inception report" put forth by the international consultants -- BRL and Artelia -- hired by the three countries to study the impact of the dam. It has been six years since Ethiopia launched the GERD project, near the Ethiopia-Sudan border. Ever since this latest unsuccessful meeting, there has been strong word coming from the Egyptian side.

Mugabe – from freedom fighter to autocrat
Zimbabwe ex-president Robert Mugabe’s stolen fortune

During Mugabe’s 37 years in office, the former president is believed to have amassed a huge fortune. The question everyone is asking is will impoverished Zimbabweans will ever see the money again? It is not known exactly how much the geriatric former head of state and his family are worth. Estimates put the figure at around 844 million euros. In addition to a 25-bedroom house in Zimbabwe's capital Harare that's valued at 8.5 million euros, Mugabe owns a luxury villa in Hong Kong worth more than 4 million euros. It is allegedly one of his wife Grace's favorite properties. His most valuable property is Hamilton Palace in Sussex, England, worth more than 40 million euros. Cases from other countries show how difficult and tedious this proc cetera


Promotion of good governance and corruption as a constant melody
Ethiopian Observer editorial:

This editorial, first and foremost, likes to acknowledge Abel’s initiative of the Pal Talk on good governance and corruption titled “To complement and support the efforts of the Administration of the Tigray Region that is currently undertaking promotion of good governance.” I listened to your panel interview with interest and stopped all other things to digest what has been shared from two veterans and concerned citizens of your audience. There was no time lost; fear and bitterness has no place on national concern; however the lip service excuses must not be celebrated and promoted. The price for not speaking up or for hesitation has been enormous, and I challenge everyTigrean who claims underlying love to put his/her words in action. We have to stay true to ourselves; justice is what the Tigrean people are demanding.

Looking for Funding for your Community programs
The Seattle Park District has three great funding programs for community activities!


Note: The Egyptian Air Force is the 4th largest F-16 operator in the world, mustering about 195 F-16s of 220 ordered. Their overall fighter fleet is a mix of high-end F-16s and Mirage 2000s, low-end Chinese F-7s (MiG-21 copy) bought from the Chinese, a few F-4 Phantom II jets, and upgraded but very aged Soviet MiG-21s and French Mirage 5s


  ናይ 2020 ቆፀራ ህዝቢ። ኩሉ   ሰብ ይቁጸር እዩ። ኣብዚ ምስታፍ ዜጋዊ ግዴትኦም እዩ። ናትካ/ኪ ሓበሬታ ምስጢራዊ እዩ። ናይ 2020 ቆፀራ ህዝቢ መጠይቓዊ ወረቐት ንምጥንቃቕ እዚ መምርሒ ይጠቀሙ።

Two Butterflies
Coming down the mountain
Heavy rucksack on my back
Exhausted and downcast
I saw two butterflies
With wings of bright blue
And spots of yellow hue
Like large eyes on the wings
They chased each other
Round and round the bush
Caught up in the dance of life
In the bright afternoon sun
Nonchalant and carefree...
Suddenly my load lightened
I lifted my eyes up
To the mountain top
Serene, sacred, beautiful...
G. E. Gorfu 11-24-18


የዕውቅና ሽልማት ለዶ/ር አበራ ሞላ ተሰጠ ጋዜጣዊ መግለጫ 

Will Egypt strike Ethiopia ?

ኤርትራ የኢትዮጵያ ቅኝ ግዛት?

City of Seattle Customer
Service Bureau
Need Help? Ask Us!

ቤት ዕዬ ግልጋሎት ዓሚል
ሐገዠ ይደልዩ ይሕተቱና

የደንበኛ አገልግሎት ቢሮ
እገዛ ይፈልጋሉ ይጠይቁን

    I Wish I Were…
I wish I were a turtle,
To lay my eggs so fertile

By the way, where  are Tigray’s territorial  frontiers, and how deep is its historical footprints, and what has been its contribution to Ethiopia’s renaissance in faith, national identity and resolve, government, 

 (Emergency Response Task Force to Support Displaced Tigreans Washington DC, Maryland and Virginia)

ተግባሪት ኮሚቴ ረድኤት ተመዛበልቲ ተጋሩ መፀዋዕታ ሓገዝ ንተመዛበልቲ ተጋሩ
Emergency Response Task Force for Displaced Tigreans

For Immediate Release: Ethiopian Americans  All Tigreans and Friends  (English version)

in Seattle met to denounce ethnic violence targeting Tigreans, formed a committee for further actions.  

Contact: HOTLINE +1-253-642-7133, antihateethioseattle@gmail.com.

Where: Video/Tele (Face book live/other) conference to be determined.

What: Briefing on the formation of committee. 

When: Wednesday, September 7, 2016 


Myth and Reality

Purposeless, chained to a wife,

Turns into idolatry,

Man abhors a vacuum life,

A spicy mistress is Mystery;

Edu’s graduation’s clips


Ethiopia on the Crossroad part two

Part II. Travel to Amara, Harari and Oromia regions of Ethiopia
By Dr. Yohannes Kiros

Ethiopian Tourism

The travel to the wonderful and beautiful places in Ethiopia
By Dr. Yohannes Kiros

Erta Ale (The smoking mountain) and its environs in Afar (see earlier article on Ethioobserver Feb. 2015)



Girmay Aregawi (froz) CEO  and EditorMr. Girmay Aregawi is a highly gifted author, song writer, poet, and journalist who lives and work in the greater city of Mekelle, Tigray Ethiopia. He published several notable books that had been recognized and utilized by many colleges and universities. He is very creative and unpretentious writer and person. He is also the owner and editor of the website www.felhitube.com

based in Tigray, Ethiopia. 

For Interpretation Services of Ethiopian Languages (Tigrinya, Amharic) please contact the Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) by calling 203-747-2763 or writing via webmaster@africanidea.org 

A panel discussions conducted with Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia
On the issue of Djibouti, its past, present, and future relationship. 

Queen Sheba Schools Alumni Association and Friends – International Board

ህዝቢ ትግራይ ምስ ህወሓት ኮይኑ
 ዘመዝገቦ መበል 40 ዓመት ናይ ቃልሲ
 ታሪክንካ ብታሪክቲ


ማሕበር ተጋሩ ኣብ ሎስ አንጀልስን ከባቢኣን
“ናይ ሓዘን መግለጺ!”

A Lesson of History: - Dr. Gebrehiwot Baykedagn

The Unsung and Forgotten Ethiopian Heroes and Heroines 
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD February 4, 2015

ሄርማን ኮሆን ኣብ ጉዳያት ምርጫ ኢትዮጵያን ዓሰብን

May 31, 2014

Book Launching and Discussion on Contemporary Ethiopia


The Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) is proud to announce the launching of Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia’s book, Ethiopia: Democracy, Devolution of Power, and The Developmental State in Washington DC on June 28, 2014.


IDEA encourages all Ethiopians and scholars on Ethiopia in the Washington DC Metro Area to join the fascinating discussion on contemporary Ethiopia. Professor Haile Gerima will introduce the book signing ceremony and Dr. Araia will engage the audience in a lively and interactive intellectual discussion.


Venue: Sanfoka Video and Books, 2714 Georgia Ave, Washington DC 20001

Time: Saturday June 28 at 3 pm

Vice President’s Office for Diversity and Community Affairs, Office of Alumni Affairs, African Alumni Club of Columbia University

International Tigray Festival 2014 in Tigray, July 31st to Aug. 6th.
Guest Registration Form - Please include all relevant information

Union of Tigreans in North America

ማሕበር ተጋሩ ሰሜን ኣሜሪካ







ኣባይ  በእርግጥ  ይገደባል

Radio snit January 26, 2014

Radio snit Professor Medhanye

Radio snit Sunday's program. January, 12, 2014

Radio snit Sunday's program.

January, 10, 2014

Radio snit Sunday's program.

January 5, 01, 2014

Radio snit Sunday's program.

December 31, 2013

Radio snit Sunday's program. 
December 22, 2013

Radio snit Sunday's program. 
December 14, 2013

Radio snit Sunday's program. 
December 8, 2013

        In memoriam
Professor Jemal Abdulkadir

Elias S Siraj, Ahmed Reja, and Solomon Tesfaye
On Saturday August 24th, 2013, the world diabetes community lost Professor Jemal Abdulkadir, a pioneer of diabetes care in his native country, Ethiopia and theAfrican continent.

Socialist wins seat on Seattle city council
November 16, 2013 

Seattle voters have elected a socialist to city council for the first time in modern history. Kshama Sawant, a member of the populist Occupy Seattle movement, ran on a platform of raising Washington State’s minimum wage to $15 and levying a “millionaire tax” to pay for mass transit and public education.

Ato Bekele Berhane’s Legacy will Live On

 It was devastating news on Wednesday, October 10, 2013, to learn that Ato Bekele Berhane, an alumni and one of the original founders of the Queen Sheba School, Adwa, Tigrai, Ethiopia, has passed away, surrounded by his brothers, sisters, children, and a number of friends.

Petition to Urge Representative Christopher Smith Stop his drive to introduce an Anti-Ethiopian Bill
(by Ethiopians for Peace and Development, Washington DC)

After graduation, I had the privilege of traveling to Mekelle, Ethiopia for an internship in medicine and dentistry

እንቅልፍ የት ኣባቱ!

ጠረንሽ ወረረኝ 

ምን ይሻለኛል

Radio Merhawit Streaming on the Internet

Courtesy of Tigray net

September 16, 2012 Sunday Program

Featured Article

Beyond Politics and Innuendo: Preserving Our Humanity and Salvaging Ethiopia from Moral Decadence 

The Legacy of Atse Yohannes IV  

Emperor Yohannes IV of Ethiopia


Atse Yohannes IV of Ethiopia crowned January 12 Born the son of Mercha the Shum of Tembien and his wife Woizero Silass Dimtsu (Amata Selassie) of Enderta, Dejazmatch Kassai could claim Solomonic blood through the line of his paternal grandmother 




Queen Sheba Schools Alumni Association and Friends - International is holding a fundraising event in Dallas Chapter


Security Council, by Vote of 13 in Favour, Adopts Resolution Reinforcing Sanctions Regime against Eritrea ‘Calibrated’ to Halt All Activities Destabilizing Region

Security Council Tightens Sanctions Regime on Somalia, Eritrea, Extending Mandate of Monitoring Group for 12 Months

Security Council Committee on Somalia and Eritrea Adds Two Individuals to List of Individuals and Entities


The Legend of the Great Drum (The “Negarit”)

By G.E.Gorfu

Views from our Ethiopia readers

Embassy Announces Winners of Four Freedoms Art Competition
U.S. Ambassador Booth
Announces Art Competition Awards of 100,000 Birr: Envisioning President Roosevelt's Four Freedoms Today

የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ መድረክ ካለፈው ምርጫ በኋላ ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ እሁድ ዕለት መቀሌ ከተማ ውስጥ ሕዝባዊ ስብሰባ አካሄደ    

  ከአብራሃም ያየህ

እርምት ለሙሲ ፈልምና ለደራሲው ብረሃነ ኑጉሰ
ከአስገደ ገ/ስላሲ

አቶ ዘርአይ አስገዶም በሙስና ተነከሩ

የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ

እንዲያውቀ ከአስገደ ገ/ስላሲ

ያገረሽበት ታሪክ
ከአስገደ ገ/ስላሲ

ማነህ ባለተራ

Us embassy cables the-documents nuclear weapons

Question and Answer with G.E. Gorfu

Outbreak of Liver Disease in Ethiopia Tigrai Region



In Tigringa   


A book “Peace or War? Views on the Ethio-Eritrean Conflict”

Dr. Yohannes Kiros








      ሕልሚ ደርሁ!

TDA-NA DC Chapter is hosting a grand fund raising event

Ayder Memrial Library

Invites you to Fundraising

Saturday June 12, 2010

Older than Egypt is Ethiopia 
From distant past to the dawn of Islam, Gamal Nkrumah looks at the history of this African nation 


November 1, 2010 G. E. Gorfu



        ጠላትህን ዕወቅ!

May 4, 2010 G. E. Gorfu


Eritrea desperate to undo UN sanctions
afrol News - Eritrea President Isaias Afewerki is on a diplomatic offensive to make the UN lift sanctions 

Eritrean rebels claim killing 11 government soldiers Source: East Africa Forum

Oxfam: Climate Change Devastating Ethiopian Rural Communities
April 23, 2010 Michael  VOA

Ethiopian opposition express discomfort over AU election observer mission

April 23, 2010 –APA/Afriqueavenir

Statement at the Conclusion of an IMF Mission to Ethiopia

Press Release No. 10/108  March 24, 2010

International Monetary and Financial Committee Statement

Twenty-First Meeting   April 24, 2010


    Of   Politics III


Ayder Memorial Library Project fundraising event 

35th birthday of TPLF, Yekatit 11 Party in Minnesota

Kidan, Ethiopia

The Girl Effect

Eritrea Police Raid Church Service; Dozens Detained

Thursday, January 29, 2009 (10:02 am)

Prophet Muhammad and the culture of the oppressed

By: Nazim Baksh

    Iran Human Rights Documentation 


መገኘ አለበታ!

Aristotle and Politics II
G.E. Gorfu


  Amlaku 4,5,6,7 series

  Ferenj Amlaku I, 2,     series


Memories of student 



•     Bashai Awalom?

•     The Need for 


  By Ivan Simic   

War Trend Will Soon 
    January 28, 2009
World War II: 63 Years 
World War II: 63 

  Ivan Simic  

Georgia vs. Ossetia:

   Conflict to Major War

   Ivan Simic  August 11, 

Radovan Karadzic: One 

Deceptions of July 22,


•  Kosovo Brief

Alfred Nobel: 

By Tecola W. Hagos

EDITORIAL: Congratulations, President Barak   Obama, the 44th President of the United States of America January 19, 2009
Open Letter to the Brave Warriors of Ethiopia Returning Home From Somalia

By Tecola W. Hagos   January 5, 2009


From The Times February 5, 2009

Zimbabwe's MDC plan to extradite Mengistu Haile Mariam to Ethiopia

East Africa: UN Council Demands Eritrea Engage in Efforts to Resolve Dispute With Djibouti
14 January 2009

Et0126_2Vertical Ethiopia: Climbing Toward Possibility in the Horn of Africa

Right on the heels of our time with Surf Is Where You Find It author Gerry Lopez, we have more good book news to share with you this week.



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