REMEMBRANCE OF OUR GREAT EMPEROR
SIXTY MURDERED HEROES, 23 NOVEMBER 1974
W Hagos, 23 November 2018
long ago, I wrote about my disgust with the Ethiopian Government of Meles
Zenawi for pardoning some twenty high ranking Derg Officials who were
convicted of murder, Red Terror, atrocities of all types on innocent
Ethiopians, including the execution of high officials on the grounds of Alem
Bekagn on 23 November 1974. I
consider such pardon to be unjust and a violation of the rights of the
victims and a permanent threat to our humanity. Even worse the Government
of PM Abiy Ahmed invited a few such murderers and Red Terror participants
to a State Banquette honoring the departing President Mulatu Teshome on
the evening of November 2, 2018. We are hypocrites to the bone. Those Derg
Officials, now being embraced by Abiy and by the degenerate former Prime
Minister Haile Mariam Desalegn (pictured few months back smiling with the
mass murderer Mengistu Hailemariam), had murdered and tortured countless
innocent Ethiopians from 1974 to 1991. They showed no mercy or any humane
consideration to any of their victims. Let me state again that the blood
that was socking Mengistu’s hands and the hands of the convicted Derg
Officials, released from prison, was not that of dogs, but of human
beings—of our heroes and our fellow Ethiopians.
write with great vehemence because of the fact that we are morally
neutered and frozen in fear, and that we do next to nothing when our
people are dehumanized and our heroes thrown into prison, while murderers
and torturers are freed from prisons. This is also a chance to channel our
resistance and opposition in the right direction away from the distortions
of old ideology and possible usurped power structure in the hands of Abiy
Ahmed and the new political predators.
Responsible Ethiopians Remember and Honor
us Honor and Remember foremost Ethiopia’s Greatest Emperor Haile
Selassie I who was murdered by Mengistu Haile Mariam. Let us Honor and
Remember our great leaders murdered by Mengistu Hailemariam and his
collaborator Derg Members such as Fikreselassie Wogderese. Shame on you
Abiy Ahmed, Demeke Mekonnen, Gedu Andargatchew et cetera for your
promotion and collaboration with such murderers and terrorists trying to
make some diabolical political gain. Sooner or later the Ethiopian People
would bring you down for such insult and for working with terrorists and
for further fracturing a divided nation into possible disintegration.
Summarily executed for
allegedly committing the crime of “Gross Abuse of Authority.” Most
of these senior officials were Members of the Patriotic movement that
battled Fascist Italy during the five-years Italian occupation of Ethiopia
Tsehafe Tizaz Aklilu Habtewold (served as prime minister under H.I.M.
Haile Selassie for 13 years and in other high-level positions for a total
of 39 years).
H.H. Ras Asrate Kassa (member Crown Council, Senate President, Enderassie;
served in various high-level positions for over 34 years).
Lij Endalkachew Mekonnen (prime minister; Ethiopian ambassador to the
U.N., served in various high-level positions for 23 years).
Ras Mesfin Seleshi (war veteran, Enderassie; served in various high-level
positions for over 54 years).
Ato Abebe Retta (Minister, linguist, scholar in history and religion,
particularly the Ethiopian Orthodox Church; served in various capacities
for 47 years).
Lt. Col. Tamirat Yegezu (Enderassie, Crown Council member; served in
various capacities for 38 years).
Ato Akaleworq Habtewold (Minister, ambassador, served in various
capacities for 39 years).
Dr. Tesfaye Gebre-Egzy (Minister, Representative Diplomate to the United
Ato Mulatu Debebe (Minister; served in various capacities for 22 years).
Dejazmach Solomon Abraha (Enderassie; served in various capacities).
Dejazmach Legesse Bezu (Enderassie; served in various capacities for a
total of 29 years).
Dejazmach Sahlu Defaye (Enderassie, veteran; served in various capacities
for a total of 46 years).
Dejazmach Workneh Wolde Amanuel (Minister, Senator, Enderassie; served in
various capacities for a total of 30 years).
Dejazmach Kifle Ergetu (Ambassador, diplomat, Senator).
Dejazmach Worku Enqoselassie (Enderassie; served in various capacities for
a total of 26 years).
Dejazmach Aemeroselassie Abebe (Enderassie, civil servant; served in
various capacities for 35 years).
Dejazmach Kebede Ali Wole (Enderassie military commander served in various
capacities for 34 years)
Ato Nebeye Leul Kifle (Minister, Crown special cabinet member;
served for a total of 24 years).
Col. Solomon Kedir (Chief of security, minister; served in various
capacities for 25 years).
Afenegus Abeje Debalq (Judge, Crown Counsellor, Senator; served in various
capacities for 44 years).
Ato Yilma Aboye (Palace courtier, served in various capacities for 18
Ato Tegen Yeteshaworq (Minister, editor Ethiopian Herald; served for 12
Ato Solomon Gebremariam (Minister; served in various capacities for 31
Ato Hailu Teklu (civil servant).
Blata Admassu Retta (Palace Courtier and Master of the Royal Purse).
Lij Hailu Desta (Ethiopian Red Cross President, served in various
capacities for 26 years).
Fitewrari Amede Aberra (rancher, served in various capacities).
Fitewrari Demessie Alamerew (Enderassie).
Fitewrari Tadesse Enquselassie (Enderassie).
Summarily executed Senior Military and Security Commanders
Lt. General Abiye Abebe (Minister, ambassador, Senate President).
Lt. General Kebde Gebre (Minister, Enderassie).
Lt. General Dressie Dubale (Commander, Ground Forces).
Lt. General Abebe Gemeda (Commander, Imperial Body Guard, Enderassie;
served in various capacities for a total of 40 years).
Lt. General Yilma Shibeshi (Chief of national police; served in various
capacities for 34 years).
Lt. General Haile Baykedagn (Chief of staff; served in various capacities
for 32 years).
Lt. General Assefa Ayene (Minister, chief of staff; served in various
capacities for a total of 38 years).
Lt. General Belete Abebe (Chief of staff, served in various capacities for
a total of 40 years).
Lt. General Isayas Gebreselassie (Senator).
Lt. General Assefa Demissie (ADC H.I.M.).
Lt. General Debebe Hailemariam (war veteran, palace courtier, commander
ground forces; served a total of 33 years).
Maj. General Seyoum Gedle Giorgis (served in various capacities in the
military for a total of 31 years).
Maj. General Gashaw Kebede (served in the national police force and other
capacities for a total of 33 years).
Maj. General Tafesse Lemma (Military attache, palace courtier; served
total of 28 years).
Vice Admiral Iskinder Desta (Prince) (Commander of the navy, modernized
Ethiopia Navy, diplomat).
Brig. General Mulugetta Woldeyohannes (Chief of National Police; served in
various capacities for 31 years).
Brig. General Girma Yohannes (served in national police force for 28
Col. Yalem Zewd Tessema (Commander, Army Airborne).
Col. Tassew Mojo
Col. Yigezu Yimer
Major Berhanu Metcha
Capt. Molla Wakene
Summarily executed for allegedly committing the crime of “Plotting to
Incite Civil War and Disrupt Popular Movement”
Cpt. Demessie Shiferaw.
Cpt. Belay Tsegaye (Army aviation helicopter pilot; served a total of 31
Cpt. Woldeyohanes Zergaw.
Lance Cpl. Teklu Hailu (18 year-old and member of Army engineers; executed
for opposing the idea of military government).
Pvt. Bekele Woldegiorgis (served 22 years.)
Summarily executed for allegedly committing the “Breach of Oath of
Office and Attempt to Create Divisions in the Armed Forces”
Lt. General Aman Michael Andom (chairman of Derg and Council of Ministers,
Defense Minsiter and Chief of Statff of the Armed Forces).
Lt. Tesfaye Takele (24 years-old Army aviation pilot, Derg member).
Junior Aircraftsman Yohanes Fitiwi (Derg member).
above list is compiled from several sources and in particular from Prof Al
Mariam’s excellent tribute to the murdered victims, titled “Ethiopia:
Remember the 24th of November 1974” of 1 December 2014.]
an article I wrote about seven years ago titled “Forgiveness,
reconciliation, and pardon: a challenge to a just society” (January 25,
2011), I emphasized that “forgiveness is hardly a political solution.”
I elaborated on that theme further by writing that in a strong democratic
society crimes are well defined in administrative traditions, in statutes
and in case laws in advance. The legislative body in such a community is
distinct from both the judiciary and the executive organs of the
government. The judicial system is well developed, transparent, and
independent of the executive. Prosecutors and investigators are well
trained professionals with great moral integrity and abide by rules of
procedures of the judicial system et cetera. I
am afraid that PM Abiy has not read that article, for his “medemer”
and the concept of “forgiveness” are eschewed and unworkable in the
Ethiopia of the Present.
contrast, in a society or community where the government structure is
weak, and the leaders are sycophantic and greedy for power as is the case
with Abiy Ahmed, such society or community tends to be despotic where the
executive body has as its primary function to stay in power through
illegal and undemocratic means. In such system of government, the
individual citizen is subordinated to the interest of the state (the
dictator) and the in-group. There is no consistent application of law if
there is any law at all. Citizens are insecure, apprehensive of government
representatives, and very fearful of their leaders. When I look back into
the last twenty years in the life of Ethiopia, what I see is a wasteland
of missed opportunities. Nothing has changed, for our leaders are still
practicing or overlooking murders, ethnic cleansing, and massive
displacement of tens of thousands of Ethiopians. The
same type of justice that I am demanding for the victims of the Derg, may
well be demanded by current victims (displaced, murdered Ethiopians in
Amhara, Oromo, and Somali Kilils) of the current Ethiopian Government
Leaders spearheaded by PM Abiy Ahmed. [This article is adopted from my
article of a couple of years ago: ”The Courage to Swallow the Bitter
Truth: A Response and a Cure” and also from several recent articles.]
W. Hagos, 23 November 2018
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